Verbs and prepositions in Italian
In Italian, there are verbs that need specific prepositions to convey the right meaning and fulfill the syntactic structure of the clause.
Usage and functions of the prepositions with verbs
As we know, the prepositions create a relations between two elements in the sentence.
When they occur with verbs, they usually complete the meaning of the sentence, also by introducing another phrase.
|Loro hanno deciso di andar via.||They decided to leave.|
|Loro abitano in campagna.||They live in the country.|
Be careful! When the preposition introduce another sentence, this one is usually an implicit subordinate.
e.g. Vieni a vedere! (Come to see it!); Ho una fame da impazzire. (I am really hungry).
Which Italian verbs need prepositions?
Be careful! Sometimes, we could find clauses with prepositions with transitive verbs too. Indeed, the prepotitions can complete the general meaning of the sentence.
e.g. Il postino ha consegnato la lettera al destinatario. (The postman delivered the postcard to the addressee).
Let's see these verbs in detail.
List of main Italian verbs with preposition
Below you will find a list of the main verbs that occur with prepositions in Italian.
(to collapse on)
|+ su||Mi sono abbandonato sul letto per la stanchezza.||I collapsed onto the bed due to the tiredness.|
|Abitare (to live)||+ in / con||
Io abito con i miei genitori.
Lei abita in città.
I live with my parents.
She lives in the city.
|Accompagnare (to bring, to carry)||direct obj + a / da||Ho accompagnato mia sorella a scuola.||I brought my sister to school.|
|Accorgersi (to notice)||+ di||Non si sono accorti di essere in ritardo?||Didn't they noticed they were late?|
|Affidare (to entrust)||+ a||Il mio gatto è stato affidato alle cure del veterinario.||The veterinary was entrusted with the care of my cat.|
|Aggiungere (to add)||direct obj + a||Mio padre ha appena aggiunto il sale alla minestra.||My dad has just added salt to the soup.|
|Approfittare (to take advance)||+ di||Si sono chiaramente approfittate di te.||They clearly took advantage of you.|
|Arrivare (to arrive)||+ a / in / su||
Marco e Luca sono arrivati presto in ufficio.
Mio fratello arriverà tardi a casa.
Marco and Luca arrived early at the office.
My brother is going to arrive late at home.
|Brindare (to toast, to make a toast)||+ a||Abbiamo brindato alla sua salute.||We toasted her.|
|Cadere (to fall)||+ in / per||
La bambina è caduta per terra mentre giocava.
|The child fell to the ground while playing.|
|Cenare (to have dinner)||+ in / a / da||L'altro ieri Lucia ha cenato a casa di amici.||The day before yesterday Lucia had dinner at a friend's house.|
|Comunicare (to communicate)||direct object + a (+ di)||
Hanno comunicato a noi la loro preoccupazione.
Ci hanno comunicato di essere preoccupati.
|They communicated us that they were worried.|
|Continuare (to continue)||+ a + per||Ha continuato a piovere per tutto il giorno.||It was raining all day long.|
|Convincere (to convince)||direct object + di / a||Avete finalmente convinto vostra madre a farvi uscire?||Have you finally convinced your mom to let you out?|
|Credere (to believe)||+ in / a||Tu credi in te stesso?||Do you believe in yourself?|
|Dare (to give)||direct object + a + da / di||Voi non avete dato il regalo a Giovanna?||Didn't you give the gift to Giovanna?|
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
Italian class and cils exam preparation with Alessia
I teach: Italian
Hello guys I am Alessia, I am Italian and I am an italian teacher for foreigners, since 2012. I love my work and that is why I prefer to say... that I am a linguistic and cultural ambassador and not just a teacher. I have lots of experience with young people as well as with adults of all levels (from the basic to the superior level (initial, intermediate, advanced and superior: C2). Classes are generally OTO (one to one) and focus on the conversation and the needs of the students. I usually teach online and in presence because I also work in a language school. Read more
Italian teacher and translator
I teach: Italian
Hello EverybodyMy name is Luisa and I teach Italian for foreign students, English, French and German for Italian students Since... 1994, I have dedicated myself to translating and teaching thanks to my travels, abroad studies, foreign reading and writing. I provide fun and customized lessons based on the student's goals. I also triy to minimize English speaking during the lessons. I give homework exercises, and my lessons are intermixed with grammar, conversation, customs and traditions. My goal is to make certain that each student finds learning Italian exciting.I am available for any explanations also via e mail Read more
Italian and German as a foreign language
I teach: German, Italian
Hi! I am Donatella, I'm Italian and I have been living in Vienna since 2009. I teach Italian and German as a foreign language. I really... like teaching and I enjoy it! Every day I have the great chance to work together with people with different ages, backgroung and learning goals. Thanks to my job I can broaden and deepen my knowledge and skills and of course meet people from all over the world.Foreign languages represent my first interest, as a learner too. After having experienced a distance learning course I find the e-learning a personal, specific and practical method to learn, improve or polish up a foreign language! I would be glad to hear from you! Read more