Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...)
The preposition tra and fra (between) are synonyms.
It's better to avoid tra if the word that follows starts with t-.
In the same way, it's better to avoid fra if the word that follows begins with f-.
Fra tre giorni
In three days
They can have a lot of uses in Italian.
Position "between" two elements
When tra or fra indicate the position "between" two elements, they translate as between.
|Ho visto il cane tra le due macchine||I saw the dog between the two cars|
|La gomma è fra la matita e la biro||The rubber is between the pencil and the pen|
Position "among" more elements
When tra or fra indicate the position "among" more elements, it translates as among.
|Ho trovato l'assegno tra i documenti||I found the check among the documents|
|La tua camicia è fra gli altri vestiti||Your shirt is among the other clothes|
Interval of time
When tra or fra indicate an interval of time, it translates as between or in.
|Arriveremo tra le due e le tre||We'll get there between two and three o'clock|
|Spero di finire il libro fra un mese||I hope to finish the book in a month's time|
When tra or fra indicate an interval of space, it translates as in or as from (placed after the complement expressing the distance).
|Tra cento metri troverete il ristorante||In one meters you'll find the restaurant|
|Il nostro ufficio è tra due chilometri||Our office is two kilometers from here|
When tra or fra indicate a relation, it translates as between.
|C'è una meravigliosa amicizia tra di voi||There is a wonderful friendship between you|
|Tutto è finito tra noi||Everything is over between us|
In the following table you can find a list of typical Italian expressions that are introduced by the prepositions "tra" or "fra".
|essere tra due fuochi||to sit on the fence|
|tra il dire e il fare c'è di mezzo il mare||between saying and doing there is half a sea|
|essere tra i piedi||to be in the way|
|leggere tra le righe||to read between the lines|
|fra moglie e marito non mettere dito||never interfere between husband and wife|
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