• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 22.1 Italian sentence structure (word order) [0/4]
  • 22.2 Structure of complex Italian sentences [0/4]
  • 22.3 Not in Italian (negation, negative sentences) [0/3]
  • 22.4 Italian interrogative sentences (questions) [0/1]
  • 22.5 Italian conditional sentences (if-clauses) [0/1]
  • 22.6 Italian passive sentences [0/1]
  • 22.7 Italian impersonal construction (Si impersonale) [0/1]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • I verbi fraseologici are a category of verbs that can be found in the Italian language.

    Definition of verbi fraseologici

    I verbi fraseologici are those verbs that can be used together with another verb (in the infinitive or gerund moods) in order to indicate the way an action takes place.
    Some verbi fraseologici are stare (to stay), cominciare (to begin), iniziare (to start), continuare (to continue), seguitare (to continue), finire (to finish) and smettere (to stop).

    Examples:

    • Sbrigati! Il film sta per cominciare (Hurry up! The film is about to start)
    • Devi smetterla di fumare perchè è dannoso per la tua salute (You have to quit/stop smoking because it's dangerous for your health)

    Tables and examples of the main verbi fraseologici

    Here you can find some tables with the main verbi fraseologici used in the Italian language.
    I verbi fraseologici differ based on the type of action they express:

    1. They can express progressività (a progressive action is happening at the moment of utterance)
    2. They can express imminenza dell'azione (an action is about to begin/start)
    3. They can express inizio dell'azione (an action is starting at the moment of utterance)
    4. they can express proseguimento dell'azione (a continued action)
    5. They can express fine dell'azione (an action ends at the moment of utterance)

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    Progressive action

    In this case we use the verb stare (to stay).

      Verbo fraseologico Verb in the infinitive or gerund mood Example Translation
    Progressività
    • stare
    • stare a
    • mangiando
    • mangiare
    • Non disturbarmi che sto mangiando una mela
    • Non disturbarmi che sto a mangiare una mela
    • Don't disturb me because I'm eating an apple
    • Don't disturb me because I'm eating an apple

     

    Action about to begin

    In this case we use the verbs stare (to stay), essere (to be), and accingersi (to get set, to prepare yourself).

      Verbi fraseologici Verb in the infinitive or gerund mood Example Translation
    Imminenza azione
    • Stare per
    • Essere in procinto di
    • Essere sul punto di
    • Accingersi a
    • Essere lì lì per
    • mangiare
    • Ora non posso parlare al telefono che sono lì lì per mangiare
    • Ieri stavo per mangiare quando all'improvviso qualcuno ha suonato il campanello
    • I cannot talk on the phone now because I'm about to start eating
    • Yesterday I was about to start eating when suddenly someone rang the bell

     

    A starting action 

    In this case we use the verbs cominciare (to begin, to start) and iniziare (to begin, to start).

      Verbi fraseologici Verbs in the inifinitive or gerund moods Example Translation
    Inizio azione
    • Cominciare a
    • Iniziare a
    • mangiare
    • Iniziamo a mangiare prima che si freddi
    • Ieri ero così in ritardo che ho cominciato a mangiare alle 22
    • Let's start eating before it gets cold
    • Yesterday I was so late that I started eating at 10 pm

     

    A continued action

    In this case we use the verbs continuare (to continue), seguitare (to continue) and andare avanti (to keep going).

      Verbi fraseologici Verb in the infinitive or gerund moods Example Translation
    Proseguimento azione
    • Continuare a
    • Seguitare a
    • Andare avanti a
    • mangiare
    • Noi continuiamo a mangiare nonostante non siamo più affamati
    • Signori, seguitate a mangiare, non è successo nulla
    • We keep on eating even if we aren't hungry anymore
    • Ladies and gentlemen, please keep on eating, nothing happened

     

    A finishing action

    In this case we use the verbs smettere (to stop, to quit), finire (to finish) and piantare (in this case it means to stop but its actual and original meaning is to plant).

      Verbi fraseologici Verbs in the infinitive or gerund mood Example Translation
    Fine azione
    • Smetter (la) di
    • Finir (la) di
    • Piantar (la) di
    • mangiare
    • Smettila di mangiare così tanto oppure ingrasserai
    • Piantala di mangiare che dobbiamo uscire
    • Stop eating so much or you're going to be fat
    • Stop eating, we have to go out

     

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