• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • Future tense in Italian (futuro semplice)

    The future tense in Italian is made up of two tenses that both belong to the indicative mood: futuro semplice (future tense) and futuro anteriore (future perfect).
    In this page we will talk about the Italian futuro semplice.

    Definition and usage of the future tense in Italian (futuro semplice)

    The future tense refers to an action that will take place in the future.

    Examples:

    • Giorgio arriverà tra un mese (Giorgio will arrive in a month)
    • Essi andranno in Giappone il prossimo anno (Next year they will go to Japan)

    When to use the futuro semplice

    Other situations that require the use of the futuro semplice are:

    1.  to express a polite order (futuro iussivo)
    2. before a statement in order to make it sound less authoritative and strong (futuro attenuativo)
    3. to express an hypothesis, a doubt or a guess (futuro epistemico)

      Example Translation
    Futuro iussivo
    • Andrai tu a comprare il pane
    • Pulirai tu la casa
    • You will buy the bread
    • You will clean the house
    Futuro attenuativo
    • Ti dirò: quello che dici non mi piace
    • Ammetterai che non ti sei comportato bene
    • Here is what (I will tell you this): I don't like what you're saying
    • You have to admit (will admit) that you did not behave properly.
    Futuro epistemico
    • Che ore sono? Saranno le 18.
    • Non so chi abbia rotto la finestra: sarà Giovanni?
    • What time is it? It (will be) could be 6 pm.
    • I don't know who broke the window: it (will be) could have been Giovanni.

     

    enlightenedIn everyday language, the futuro semplice is often replaced with the presente indicativo.
    e.g. Il prossimo mese parto per la Finlandia (Next month I (will) leave to go to Finland).
    Mi sposo fra una settimana (I get (am getting) married in one week).

     

    Marker words that indicate the futuro semplice

    Here are some marker words that can be found with the futuro semplice tense:

    Example Translation
    Domani/Domani mattina/pomeriggio/sera Tomorrow/Tomorrow morning/ afternoon/ evening
    Fra 2/5/10 giorni/mesi/anni In 2/5/10 days/months/years
    La prossima settimana/mese/anno Next week/month/year
    Stasera Tonight/This evening

     

    Examples:

    • Domani festeggerò il mio compleanno al mare (Tomorrow I will celebrate my birthday at the seaside)
    • Fra 2 mesi inizierò un nuovo lavoro (In 2 months I will begin a new job)

     

    Conjugation of the futuro semplice

    The future tense in Italian is formed by adding certain endings to the root of the verb.

    Conjugation of regular verbs in the future tense

    Here is the conjugation of three verbs based on the conjugation they belong to.

    Verbs that belong to the -are conjugation

    These verbs add the endings -erò, -erai, -erà, -eremo, -erete, -eranno to the verb.

    Example arrivare (to arrive)

      Root Ending Example Translation
    Io arriv erò Io arriverò domani I will arrive tomorrow
    Tu arriv erai Tu arriverai domani You will arrive tomorrow
    Egli/Ella arriv erà Egli arriverà domani He will arrive tomorrow
    Noi arriv eremo Noi arriveremo domani We will arrive tomorrow
    Voi arriv erete Voi arriverete domani You will arrive tomorrow
    Essi/Esse arriv eranno Essi arriveranno domani They will arrive tomorrow

     

    Verbs that belong to the -ere conjugation

    These verbs add the endings -erò, -erai, -erà, -eremo, -erete, -eranno to the verb.

    Example conoscere (to know)

      Root Ending Example Translation
    Io conosc erò Io conoscerò Riccardo domani I will know/meet Riccardo tomorrow
    Tu conosc erai Tu conoscerai Riccardo domani You will know/meet Riccardo tomorrow
    Egli/Ella conosc erà Egli conoscerà Riccardo domani He will know/meet Riccardo tomorrow
    Noi conosc eremo Noi conosceremo Riccardo domani We will know/meet Riccardo tomorrow
    Voi conosc erete Voi conoscerete Riccardo domani You will know/meet Riccardo tomorrow
    Essi/Esse conosc eranno Essi conosceranno Riccardo domani They will know/meet Riccardo tomorrow

     

    Verbs that belong to the -ire conjugation

    These verbs add the endings -irò, irai, -irà, -iremo, -irete, -iranno to the verb.

    Example partire (to leave)

      Root Ending Example Translation
    Io part irò Io partirò domani I will leave tomorrow
    Tu part irai Tu partirai domani You will leave tomorrow
    Egli/Ella part irà Egli partirà domani He will leave tomorrow
    Noi part iremo Noi partiremo domani We will leave tomorrow
    Voi part irete Voi partirete domani You will leave tomorrow
    Essi/Esse part iranno Essi partiranno domani They will leave tomorrow

     

    Some tips that can help you to form the futuro semplice are:

    1.  Verbs that end in -care and -gare usually add an h after the c or gE.g. Pagare (to pay) - io  pagherò, tu pagherai, etc...
    2. Verbs that end in -ciare and -giare usually lose the iE.g. Cominciare (to begin/to start) - io comincerò, tu comincerai, etc...

     

    Conjugation of irregular verbs in the future tense

    Irregular verbs have to be studied by heart, but here you can find two main categories to classify them:

    1. Verbs that lose the ending except for the letter r. E.g. Dovere - io dovrò / Sapere - io saprò.
    2. Verbs that lose not only the ending, but also part of the root and add rr instead. E.g. Venire - io verrò / Tenere - io terrò.

    Here you can find the conjugation in the future tense for the main irregular verbs of the two categories discussed above.

      Dovere (to have to) Sapere (to know) Vivere (to live) Tenere (to keep) Venire (to come) Volere (to want)
    Io dovrò saprò vivrò terrò verrò vorrò
    Tu dovrai saprai vivrai terrai verrai vorrai
    Egli/Ella dovrà saprà vivrà terrà verrà vorrà
    Noi dovremo sapremo vivremo terremo verremo vorremo
    Voi dovrete saprete vivrete terrete verrete vorrete
    Essi/Esse dovranno sapranno vivranno terranno verranno vorranno

     

    The following chart illustrates irregular verbs that you have to study by heart.

      Dare (to give) Fare (to do/make) Stare (to stay)
    Io darò farò starò
    Tu darai farai starai
    Egli/Ella darà farà starà
    Noi daremo faremo staremo
    Voi darete farete starete
    Essi/Esse daranno faranno staranno

     

    Auxiliary verbs: essere/avere

    Here is the conjugation for the auxiliary verbs essere and avere in the futuro semplice.

      Essere (to be) Avere (to have)
    Io sarò avrò
    Tu sarai avrai
    Egli/Ella sarà avrà
    Noi saremo avremo
    Voi sarete avrete
    Essi/Esse saranno avranno

     

    Examples:

    • Luigi sarà a Miami domani (Luigi will be in Miami tomorrow)
    • Francesco e Sara avranno un bambino tra qualche mese (Francesco and Sara will have a baby in a few months).

    Exercises

    Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the futuro semplice

    Match the correct form of the futuro semplice to the box with the correct personal pronoun