Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
- 1.Italian alphabet and pronunciation
- 1.1.Italian alphabet letters
- 2.Italian consonants and pronunciation
- 2.1.Italian consonants similar to English
- 2.2.Italian consonants with different pronunciation
- 2.2.1.C and G in Italian
- 2.2.2.H in Italian
- 2.2.3.R in Italian
- 2.2.4.Z in Italian
- 3.Italian vowels and pronunciation
- 3.1.Italian vowel chart
- 3.2.Italian vowels with accents
- 4.Italian pronunciation rules
Italian alphabet and pronunciation
Italian alphabet letters
There are 26 letters in the Italian alphabet: 16 consonants, 5 consonants to write foreign words, and 5 vowels.
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
|A||a as in father||
|B||bì as in been||
|C||cì as in cheers||
Cane, Cena (Dog, Dinner)
|D||dì as in deep||
|E||e as in better||
|F||effe as in effective||
|G||gi as in giant||
Gatta, Giorno (Female cat, Day)
|H||acca, always mute||Hotel|
|I||i as in beer||
|J||gei as in Jay||Jeans|
|L||elle as in Ellen||Luna (Moon)|
|M||emme as in lemme||Mamma (Mom)|
|O||o as in odd||Orologio (Clock)|
|P||pì as in piece||Porta (Door)|
|Q||qu as in quality||Quaderno (Notebook)|
|T||tì as in t-shirt||Tavolo (Table)|
|U||u as in good||Uva (Grape)|
|V||vì as in Venus||Volare (Fly)|
Italian consonants and pronunciation
Italian consonants similar to English
Let's go through some Italian consonants that share similar features with English consonants.
|B as in Butter||Bambola||Doll|
|D as in Dad||Domanda||Question|
|F as in Fun||Fiore||Flower|
|L as in Love||Lento||Slow|
|M as in Mum||Matita||Pencil|
|N as in Number||Natura||Nature|
|P as in Power||Palla||Ball|
|Q as in Quantity||Quando||When|
|S as in Same||Stivale||Boot|
|T as in Time||Tesoro||Treasure|
|V as in Very||Vittoria||Victory|
Italian consonants with different pronunciation
Let's now outline some differences between Italian and English consonants.
C and G in Italian
The pronunciation of C and G depends on the letter that follow.
|C/G + e, i : sweet sound||Cena (Dinner), Gita (Trip)|
|C/G + a, o, u: hard sound||Casa (House), Golfo (Gulf)|
|C/G + H + e, i: hard sound||Chiedere (Ask); Ghepardo (Cheetah)|
H in Italian
The H in Italian is always mute. However, it produces a hard sound if it's after C or G and followed by certain vowels.
|Ricchi (rich, plural)||Ricci (Curls/Curly, plural)|
|Cechi (blind, plural)||Ceci (chickpeas)|
R in Italian
The Italian R has a slightly different sound than in English and it's called the "Rolling R".
It's pronounced by flipping your tongue just behind the upper front row of your teeth.
Z in Italian
Z is pronounced either dz or ts, depending on the word.
Listen to the following examples.
|Z as ts||Z as dz|
|Pazzo (Crazy)||Zio (Uncle)|
|Grazie (Thank you)||Mezzo (Means/Half)|
Italian vowels and pronunciation
Italian vowel chart
Here's a list of the 6 Italian vowels.
A good rule of thumb: all Italian words usually end with a vowel.
Italian vowels with accents
The Italian language also includes a set of accented vowels:
Mangeró (I will eat)
Ragú (Italian meat sauce)
Italian pronunciation rules
Unlike English or French, all the letters in an Italian word are generally pronounced and it's relatively easy to instantly know the pronunciation of any new word.
Keep in mind that pronunciation might vary from Italian region to Italian region.
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
Italian class and cils exam preparation with Alessia
I teach: Italian
Hello guys I am Alessia, I am Italian and I am an italian teacher for foreigners, since 2012. I love my work and that is why I prefer to say... that I am a linguistic and cultural ambassador and not just a teacher. I have lots of experience with young people as well as with adults of all levels (from the basic to the superior level (initial, intermediate, advanced and superior: C2). Classes are generally OTO (one to one) and focus on the conversation and the needs of the students. I usually teach online and in presence because I also work in a language school. Read more
Italian teacher and translator
I teach: Italian
Hello EverybodyMy name is Luisa and I teach Italian for foreign students, English, French and German for Italian students Since... 1994, I have dedicated myself to translating and teaching thanks to my travels, abroad studies, foreign reading and writing. I provide fun and customized lessons based on the student's goals. I also triy to minimize English speaking during the lessons. I give homework exercises, and my lessons are intermixed with grammar, conversation, customs and traditions. My goal is to make certain that each student finds learning Italian exciting.I am available for any explanations also via e mail Read more
Italian and German as a foreign language
I teach: German, Italian
Hi! I am Donatella, I'm Italian and I have been living in Vienna since 2009. I teach Italian and German as a foreign language. I really... like teaching and I enjoy it! Every day I have the great chance to work together with people with different ages, backgroung and learning goals. Thanks to my job I can broaden and deepen my knowledge and skills and of course meet people from all over the world.Foreign languages represent my first interest, as a learner too. After having experienced a distance learning course I find the e-learning a personal, specific and practical method to learn, improve or polish up a foreign language! I would be glad to hear from you! Read more