Italian regular verbs
The verbi regolari (regular verbs) are those verbs which are conjugated following specific rules.
Regular verbs conjugations' peculiarities
There are several distinctive traits for the Italian verbs conjugations:
- it saves the verb root: e.g. cant-are (to sing); tem-ere (to be afraid); colp-ire (to hit);
- it has a tematic vowel: e.g. cant-a-vo (I used to sing); prend-e-rete (you will take); part-i-ranno (they will leave).
- it has a personal mark, that helps identifying the persons: e.g cant-o (I sing; first singular); laver-anno (they will clean; third plural);
- it has a time mark: e.g. teme-v-o (I used to fear; imperfect indicative); dormi-r-ò (I will sleep; future simple and present conditional).
Careful! This peculiarities aren't steady for every mood and every tense: e.g. the first person of the present indicative has not a tematic vowel:
i.e.: cant-o (I sing), not cant-ao; prend-o (I take), not prend-eo.
How to conjugate Italian regular verbs
To conjugate regular verbs you must essentially add the verb ending (according to the specific tense and mood) to the root of the verb, which stays unchanged.
Nevertheless, only the simple tenses follow this rule: as we know, the compound tenses are formed with the auxiliary verbs (essere o avere) and the past participle of the specific verb.
We will see all the conjugations in detail in the following pages.
Main regular verbs in Italian
Here follows a shortlist of the Italian regular verbs, split up by conjugation:
I conjugation (-are)
|abitare||to dwell, to inhabit|
II conjugation (-ere)
III conjugation (-ire)
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