The preposition on (su) has a lot of uses in Italian.
When su indicates a location, it translates as on, above or over.
|La biro è sul libro||The pen is on the book|
|Il sapone e’ nel mobile sopra la lavatrice||The soap is in the cabinet above the washing machine|
|C'è un ponte sul fiume||There's a bridge over the river|
When su indicates the topic of a speech or writing, it translates as on or about.
|Tenere una conferenza sulle cure oncologiche||To give a lecture on cures for cancer|
|Si è scritto molto su questo argomento||A lot has been written about this topic|
When su indicates an approximation, it translates as about.
|Quella donna sembra avere sui quarant'anni||That woman seems to be about forty years old|
|Ha una macchina che costa sui cinquantamila euro||He has a car that cost about 50'000 euros|
|Il pacco pesa sui due chili||The package weights about two kilos|
When su has a distributive function translates as in or out of.
|Un ragazzo su tre trova lavoro||One boy in three find a job|
|Giorgia ha ottenuto il punteggio di quattro su cinque||Giorgia got the score of four out of five|
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