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First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are)

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What is the first conjugation of regular verbs in Italian?

The first conjugation of Italian verbs includes every verb that ends with -are in their infinitive form.

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Characteristics of the first conjugation

As we saw in the general page about regular verbs, the first conjugation presents several distinctive traits.

Here we will talk about some specific peculiarities of the -are conjugation.

Verbs ending in -care and -gare 

The verbs that end in -care and -gare add a h before the -e and -i endings:

  • Legare > Io legherò (I will tie [sth]);
  • Staccare > Io staccherò (I will detach [sth]); Tu stacchi (You detach [sth]).

Verbs in -gnare

These verbs can save the i for the first and the second plural persons of the present indicative and of the present subjunctive:

  • Segnare > Noi segniamo (we sign [sth]);
  • Sognare > Che voi sogniate (that you dream about [sth]).

Verbs in -iare

We can have two types of verbs in -iare:

1. the ones with a stressed i on the first singular person of the present indicative, which save the i before the stem vowel:

  • Inviare > Io invìo (I send); Tu invìi (You send); Noi invìamo (We send);
  • Spiare > Io spìo (I spy); Tu spìi (You spy); ​

enlightenedCareful! When the is not stressed, you will find just one in the verb form:
      e.g. Noi inviàmo (We send [sth]);
             Voi spi​àte (You spy).

2. the ones without a stressed i on the first singular person of the present indicative, which loose the before the stem vowel:

  • Studiare > Noi studiamo (We study);
  • Insidiare > Voi insidi​ate (You threaten). 

Verbs in -ciare, -giare, -sciare

These verbs can save the i before -or -o, but they loose it before -e and -i:

  • Mangiare > Io mangi(I eat); Loro mangeranno (They will eat).

Verbs with an -e in the root

These verbs can save the vowel when the ending begins with -e-:

  • Creare > Noi creeremo (We will create);
  • Delineare > Tu delineeresti (You would sketch).

How to conjugate regular verbs ending in -are? (example: cantare)

The first conjugation is probably the simplest and the most regular one to conjugate.


 PresentPresent PerfectImperfectPast PerfectAbsolute PastPreterite PerfectFuture SimpleFuture Perfect
Iocant-oho cantatocant-avoavevo cantatocant-aiebbi cantatocant-eròavrò cantato
Tucant-ihai cantatocant-aviavevi cantatocant-astiavesti cantatocant-eraiavrai cantato
Egli / ellacant-aha cantatocant-avaaveva cantatocant-òebbe cantatocant-eràavrà cantato
Noicant-iamoabbiamo cantatocant-avamoavevamo cantatocant-ammoavemmo cantatocant-eremoavremo cantato
Voicant-ateavete cantatocant-avateavete cantatocant-asteaveste cantatocant-ereteavrete cantato
Essi / essecant-anohanno cantatocant-avanoavevano cantatocant-aronoebbero cantatocant-erannoavranno cantato



 PresentPastImperfectPast perfect
(Che) iocant-iabbia cantatocant-assiavessi cantato
(Che) tucant-iabbia cantatocant-assiavessi cantato
(Che) egli / ellacant-iabbia cantatocant-asseavesse cantato
(Che) noicant-iamoabbiamo cantatocant-assimoavessimo cantato
(Che) voicant-iateabbiate cantatocant-asteaveste cantato
(Che) essi / essecant-anoabbiano cantatocant-asseroavessero cantato



Iocant-ereiavrei cantato
Tucant-erestiavresti cantato
Egli / ellacant-erebbeavrebbe cantato
Noicant-eremmoavrebbero cantato
Voicant-eresteavreste cantato
Essi / essecant-erebberoavrebbero cantato



Egli / ellacant-i
Essi / essecant-ino



cant-areavere cantato






am-andoavendo amato


  1. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation

Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation

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