• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are)

    What is the first conjugation of regular verbs in Italian?

    The first conjugation of Italian verbs includes every verb that ends with -are in their infinitive form.

    Characteristics of the first conjugation

    As we saw in the general page about regular verbs, the first conjugation presents several distinctive traits.

    Here we will talk about some specific peculiarities of the -are conjugation.

    Verbs ending in -care and -gare 

    The verbs that end in -care and -gare add a h before the -e and -i endings:

    • Legare > Io legherò (I will tie [sth]);
    • Staccare > Io staccherò (I will detach [sth]); Tu stacchi (You detach [sth]).

    Verbs in -gnare

    These verbs can save the i for the first and the second plural persons of the present indicative and of the present subjunctive:

    • Segnare > Noi segniamo (we sign [sth]);
    • Sognare > Che voi sogniate (that you dream about [sth]).

    Verbs in -iare

    We can have two types of verbs in -iare:

    1. the ones with a stressed i on the first singular person of the present indicative, which save the i before the stem vowel:

    • Inviare > Io invìo (I send); Tu invìi (You send); Noi invìamo (We send);
    • Spiare > Io spìo (I spy); Tu spìi (You spy); ​

    enlightenedCareful! When the is not stressed, you will find just one in the verb form:
          e.g. Noi inviàmo (We send [sth]);
                 Voi spi​àte (You spy).

    2. the ones without a stressed i on the first singular person of the present indicative, which loose the before the stem vowel:

    • Studiare > Noi studiamo (We study);
    • Insidiare > Voi insidi​ate (You threaten). 

    Verbs in -ciare, -giare, -sciare

    These verbs can save the i before -or -o, but they loose it before -e and -i:

    • Mangiare > Io mangi(I eat); Loro mangeranno (They will eat).

    Verbs with an -e in the root

    These verbs can save the vowel when the ending begins with -e-:

    • Creare > Noi creeremo (We will create);
    • Delineare > Tu delineeresti (You would sketch).

    How to conjugate regular verbs ending in -are? (example: cantare)

    The first conjugation is probably the simplest and the most regular one to conjugate.

    Indicative

     
      Present Present Perfect Imperfect Past Perfect Absolute Past Preterite Perfect Future Simple Future Perfect
    Io cant-o ho cantato cant-avo avevo cantato cant-ai ebbi cantato cant-erò avrò cantato
    Tu cant-i hai cantato cant-avi avevi cantato cant-asti avesti cantato cant-erai avrai cantato
    Egli / ella cant-a ha cantato cant-ava aveva cantato cant-ò ebbe cantato cant-erà avrà cantato
    Noi cant-iamo abbiamo cantato cant-avamo avevamo cantato cant-ammo avemmo cantato cant-eremo avremo cantato
    Voi cant-ate avete cantato cant-avate avete cantato cant-aste aveste cantato cant-erete avrete cantato
    Essi / esse cant-ano hanno cantato cant-avano avevano cantato cant-arono ebbero cantato cant-eranno avranno cantato

     

    Subjunctive

      Present Past Imperfect Past perfect
    (Che) io cant-i abbia cantato cant-assi avessi cantato
    (Che) tu cant-i abbia cantato cant-assi avessi cantato
    (Che) egli / ella cant-i abbia cantato cant-asse avesse cantato
    (Che) noi cant-iamo abbiamo cantato cant-assimo avessimo cantato
    (Che) voi cant-iate abbiate cantato cant-aste aveste cantato
    (Che) essi / esse cant-ano abbiano cantato cant-assero avessero cantato

     

    Conditional

      Present Past
    Io cant-erei avrei cantato
    Tu cant-eresti avresti cantato
    Egli / ella cant-erebbe avrebbe cantato
    Noi cant-eremmo avrebbero cantato
    Voi cant-ereste avreste cantato
    Essi / esse cant-erebbero avrebbero cantato

     

    Imperative

      Present
    Io -
    Tu cant-a
    Egli / ella cant-i
    Noi cant-iamo
    Voi cant-ate
    Essi / esse cant-ino

     

    Infinitive

    Present Past
    cant-are avere cantato

     

    Participle

    Present Past
    cant-ante cant-ato

     

    Gerund

    Present Past
    am-ando avendo amato

    Exercises

    Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation

    Next lessons

    1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian A lesson on the Italian verb abitare (to dwell)
    2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian A lesson on the Italian verb amare (to love)
    3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian A lesson on the Italian verb giocare (to play)
    4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian A lesson on the Italian verb lavorare (to work)
    5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian A lesson on the Italian verb mangiare (to eat)
    6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian A lesson on the Italian verb parlare (to speak)
    7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian A lesson on the Italian verb studiare (to study)
    8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian A lesson on the Italian verb pagare (to pay)