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Verbs moods (modo verbale) in Italian are distinguished in two main categories: four defined moods and three undefined moods.
Every mood has several tenses (tempo verbale), that can be distinguished between simple and compound tenses.
The defined moods (modi definiti) aim to specify:
The main defined moods are:
The undefined moods (modi indefiniti) are impersonal and don't convey any modal value. Indeed, they assume the value of their corresponding defined mood.
The main undefined moods are:
The simple tenses are typically characterize just by a verbal form. The main simple tenses are:
Therefore, imperative mood has just the present tense, while the participle has both present and past as simple tense.
Otherwise, the compound tenses are formed by the auxiliary (essere or avere) and the past participle of the specific verb.
The main compound tenses for the indicative are:
The main ones for the subjunctive are:
Concerning conditional, infinitive and gerund, only the past tenses are compound.
Let's see them in detail.
|Indicative||Present: Io amo (I love)
Present perfect: Io ho amato (I have loved)
Imperfect: Io amavo (I used to love)
Past perfect: Io avevo amato (I had loved)
Absolute past: Io amai (I loved)
Preterite perfect: Io ebbi amato (I had loved)
Simple future: Io amerò (I will love)
Future perfect: Io avrò amato (I will have loved)
Present: Che io ami
Past: Che io abbia amato
Imperfect: Che io amassi
Past perfect: Che io avessi amato
Present: Io amerei (I would love)
Past: Io avrei amato (I would have loved)
Present: Ama! (Love!)
Present: Amare (To love)
Past: Avere amato (To have loved)
Present: Amando (Loving)
Past: Avendo amato (Having loved)
Present: Amante (Lover)
Past: Amato (Loved)
Careful! The subjunctive in Italian has many functions, and the translation in English depends on the contexts of use.
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Hello! My name is Deborah! I am a language instructor. I teach Italian, English and Bulgarian. I have more than 10 years teaching... experience, both face-to-face and online to individual as well as to small and large groups. At the moment I am teaching Italian in a private school in Sofia, Bulgaria- where I lived for more than 10 years. I teach English to students ready to move to English speaking countries for work, and to students who need Еnglish for their career. I also prepare students for exams (KET, PET, FCE, CAE, CPE), and I offer language courses for communication and travelling purposes. I attended the College (tourism) in Lucca-Italy. I have a diploma in Secretarial and Business Administration from the South Kensington and Chelsea Collage in London- (I lived in London few years ago). I have a TEFL certificate -grade A. and an ECL certificate in Bulgarian C1 with 96/100. Therefore, I have a good knowledge of how languages work and I can provide my students with helpful insight. Teaching is my passion, and I am constantly in search for new methods to help my students to get through the challenges and the difficults when learning a new language. I am an enthusiastic, dedicated and adaptable teacher. I always use the communicative method in my teaching and I try to make my students feel comfortable by creating a funny and relaxed environment. I hope to see you soon in one of my classes! Read more
Hello EverybodyMy name is Luisa and I teach Italian for foreign students, English, French and German for Italian students Since... 1994, I have dedicated myself to translating and teaching thanks to my travels, abroad studies, foreign reading and writing. I provide fun and customized lessons based on the student's goals. I also triy to minimize English speaking during the lessons. I give homework exercises, and my lessons are intermixed with grammar, conversation, customs and traditions. My goal is to make certain that each student finds learning Italian exciting.I am available for any explanations also via e mail Read more
Hi! I've been teaching Dutch, Spanish and Italian for many years, in The Netherlands for private institutes and for the integration of... foreigners into society, and online from Italy, where I currently live. I identify your strengths and weaknesses, helping you in becoming confident with the language so that you will start speaking it from the very beginning. It's a step by step process but by focusing on conversation and pronunciation, you will be satisfied with the results. I offer regular methods but adapting my teaching style to your needs. Also, we will work with articles and books to talk about topics of your interest, videos and the news. I'm looking forward to meeting you! Read more