Simple prepositions (preposizioni semplici) are all invariable in gender and number.
You can easily learn them from the following list:
As you can see, each preposition can have different meanings.
The preposition di is used in the following contexts.
|Possession||Lei è la mamma di Giorgio||She's Giorgio's mum|
|Origin||Mia mamma è di Roma||My mum is from Rome|
|Topics||Un libro di filosofia||A book about philosophy (A philosophy book)|
|Contents||Un sacchetto di caramelle||A bag of candies|
|Una torta di mele||An apple cake|
|Cause or reason||Sto morendo di sonno||I'm dying of sleepiness|
|Measures or quantity||Una strada di venti chilometri||A twenty-kilometres-long road|
|Part of a group||Qualcuno di voi mente||Some of you are lying|
|Gli uffici sono aperti solo di giorno||The offices are opened during the morning only|
|Comparisons||Maria è più alta di Sara||Maria is taller than Sara|
The preposition a has the following meanings. When it is followed by the same vowel, you add a -d.
|Direction (cities and places)||Sto andando ad Amburgo||I am going to Bologna|
|Exact time or moment||L'appuntamento è alle cinque||The date is at five o'clock|
|Distance (space and time)||L'albergo più vicino è a due chilometri||The nearest hotel is two kilometres away|
|Avevo dato a tutti voi la mia fiducia||I had given you all my trust|
The preposition da has the following meanings.
|Starting point in space / origin||Il volo da Roma a Madrid è in ritardo||The flight from Rome to Madrid got delayed|
|Motion "through" something||Per andare in Francia bisogna passare dal tunnel||You have to pass through a tunnel to go to France|
|Starting point in time||Studio spagnolo dall'anno scorso||I have been studying Spanish since last year|
|Current location||Sono da Claudia adesso||I'm at Claudia's now|
|Agent in passive sentences||L'edificio è stato costruito da quella compagnia||The building was built by that company|
|Characteristics||La signora dai pantaloni rossi||The lady with red trousers|
|Purposes||Scarpe da tennis||Tennis shoes|
The preposition in has the following meanings.
|Location in a space or in time||La "Barcaccia" è una famosa fontana di Roma in Piazza Navona||The "Barcaccia" is a famous fountain in Rome, in Navona Square|
(countries, regions and big islands)
|Mi sono trasferito in Italia, ma poi sono andato in Spagna, in Andalusia.||I moved to Italy, but then I went to Spain, to Andalusia|
|Motion within a space||Navighiamo in mare aperto||We are sailing in the open sea|
|Transports||Andiamo in aereo o in nave?||Are we going by ship or by plane?|
|Materials||Il falegname ha costruito un scala in legno||The carpenter built a wooden staircase|
|Abilities and languages||Noi scriviamo testi in francese||We write texts in French|
The preposition con has the following meanings.
|Literal and figurative company||Stiamo andando in spiaggia con Giulia||We are going to the beach with Giulia|
|Transports||Mario è venuto con la macchina, ma è andato via con la bici||Mario came by car, but went away by bike|
|Tools||Gli spaghetti si mangiano con la forchetta.||Spaghetti are eaten with a fork|
|Characteristics||Il gatto con la coda lunga e gli occhi neri||The cat with a long tail and black eyes|
|Ways||Guidare con attenzione||Drive careful|
|Comparisons||Mi mettono sempre a confronto con mio fratello||They always compare me with my brother|
The preposition su is used in the following contexts.
|Location||Il libro è su quel tavolo||The book is on that table|
|Topic of a speech or writing||Una conferenza su guerra e società in Medio Oriente||A conference about war and society in the Middle East|
|Approximation (age, price, measures)||Era un uomo alto sul metro e ottanta||It was a man about a metre and eighty tall|
|Distributive (groups, grades)||Un ragazzo su quattro ha preso meno di cinque su dieci!||One in four guys got less than five out of ten!|
The preposition per has the following meanings.
Ho studiato per otto ore oggi
|I have been studying for eight hours today|
|Destination in space||Il treno per Parigi è in ritardo||The train to Paris is delayed|
|Movement "through" something||Si può entrare solo per la porta principale||You can get inside only through the main door|
|Reason||Non sono venuto per la febbre||I didn't come because of the fever|
|Purposes||L'ho fatto per farti stare bene||I did it to make you feel good|
|Imminence of an action||Sto per andare a New York||I am going to go to New York|
|Price or measure||Ho comprato la giacca per 30 euro||I bought the jacket for 30 euros|
The prepositions tra and fra are perfectly synonyms. They are used in the following contexts.
|Position "between" two elements||Le mele sono tra/fra le banane e le arance||The apples are between the bananas and the oranges|
|Position "among" more elements|
Il leone è il più forte tra/fra i felini
|The lion is the strongest among the felines|
|Interval of time||Lo spettacolo comincia tra/fra due minuti||The show begins in two minutes|
|Distance||Il supermercato è tra/fra duecento metri||The supermarket is two-hundred meters from here|
|Relations||C'è un bel rapporto tra/fra noi due||There is a nice relationship between the two of us|
An's Bulgarian has tremendously improved since she gave it go a year and a half ago. Of course, It goes without saying that I am pleased to work with such an enthusiastic learner who is living proof that, through hard work and perseverance, everyone can succeed in their language goals. An, you are now an independant user of the language who is able to successfully lead real-live conversations. Pat yourself on the back.
Thank you for your feedback, Brandon! I am very happy to know that you are so satisfied with the lessons. I've always believed that you could make it and I am glad that we never gave it up. The right attitude and a high level of perseverance have been the keys to your success. It has been a pleasure to be your guide in your learning process. I know that you can do much more, so let's continue towards a next level!
Dear Anita, Thank you very much for your nice review! I enjoy our lessons very much too and I am so happy that our communication and chemistry fit well together. That's the best precondition for a good learning experience. See you soon!
Fabrizio's children are learning French very fast, I have the impression that these lessons online have been helpful for them and I am sure they will master the language easily. They are very interested in learning.
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D
Dear Linda, thank you for your positive feedback. I am very happy that you feel comfortable and this is very important to me. Thanks to you for the great trust :-)
Σ' ευχαριστώ πολύ Μέγκαν! I'm glad you had a good experience and that you enjoyed it. Your excitment about learning greek motivates me even more :)
Hi Alba! Thank you so much for your wonderful review! I enjoyed our class too & I wish you the best of luck with all your future projects :-)
Dear Silvia, thank you very much for your feedback! It's a real pleasure to have classes with you, and I hope you find them useful!
Thank you very much for your words! You are a very diligent student! You apply and take one step forward with each lesson! See you soon!
Thank you very much for your feedback, Ira. Your interest and your willpower to improve your Spanish is admirable. Keep it up!
Hi Mia, thank you for this feedback. We will continue in this way until you are ready for your exam!
Thank you Dan for the great review! A student like you makes everything easier. I hope to continue like that!
Thanks so much. It is understood that for any difficulty and / or misunderstanding I am at your disposal.Rina
Maria Grazia L.
Thanks a lot for the nice review. It is a real pleasure to be able to help you with German.
|1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...)|
|2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...)|
|3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...)|
|4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...)|
|5 Italian preposition "con" (with)|
|6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...)|
|7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...)|
|8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...)|
|9 "On" in Italian (su)|
|10 "To" in Italian|
|11 Italian prepositions of place and time|
|12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian|
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