• Italian grammar
  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)Free
  • Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 22.1 Italian sentence structure (word order) [0/4]
  • 22.2 Structure of complex Italian sentences [0/4]
  • 22.3 Not in Italian (negation, negative sentences) [0/3]
  • 22.4 Italian interrogative sentences (questions) [0/1]
  • 22.5 Italian conditional sentences (if-clauses) [0/1]
  • 22.6 Italian passive sentences [0/1]
  • 22.7 Italian impersonal construction (Si impersonale) [0/1]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • Simple prepositions (preposizioni semplici) are all invariable in gender and number.
    You can easily learn them from the following list:

    • di (of, from,...)
    • a (at, to,...)
    • da (by, from,...)
    • in (in, to,...)
    • con (with)
    • su (on, over,...)
    • per (for, to,...)
    • tra (between, among,...)
    • fra (between, among,...)

    As you can see, each preposition can have different meanings.

    The preposition di (of, from, ...)

    The preposition di is used in the following contexts.

    Meaning Italian English
    Possession Lei è la mamma di Giorgio She's Giorgio's mum
    Origin Mia mamma è di Roma My mum is from Rome
    Topics Un libro di filosofia A book about philosophy (A philosophy book)
    Contents Un sacchetto di caramelle A bag of candies
    (materials, ingredients)
    Una torta di mele An apple cake
    Cause or reason Sto morendo di sonno I'm dying of sleepiness
    Measures or quantity Una strada di venti chilometri A twenty-kilometres-long road
    Part of a group Qualcuno di voi mente Some of you are lying

    Time expressions

    Gli uffici sono aperti solo di giorno The offices are opened during the morning only
    Comparisons Maria è più alta di Sara Maria is taller than Sara


    The preposition a (at, to,...)

    The preposition has the following meanings. When it is followed by the same vowel, you add a -d.

    Meaning Italian English
    Direction (cities and places) Sto andando ad Amburgo I am going to Bologna
    Exact time or moment L'appuntamento è alle cinque The date is at five o'clock
    Distance (space and time) L'albergo più vicino è a due chilometri The nearest hotel is two kilometres away

    Indirect object

    Avevo dato a tutti voi la mia fiducia I had given you all my trust


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    The preposition da (from, by,...)

    The preposition da has the following meanings.

    Meaning Italian English
    Starting point in space / origin Il volo da Roma a Madrid è in ritardo The flight from Rome to Madrid got delayed
    Motion "through" something Per andare in Francia bisogna passare dal tunnel You have to pass through a tunnel to go to France
    Starting point in time Studio spagnolo dall'anno scorso I have been studying Spanish since last year
    Current location Sono da Claudia adesso I'm at Claudia's now
    Agent in passive sentences L'edificio è stato costruito da quella compagnia The building was built by that company
    Characteristics   La signora dai pantaloni rossi The lady with red trousers
    Purposes Scarpe da tennis Tennis shoes


    The preposition in (in, to,...)

    The preposition in has the following meanings.

    Meaning Italian English
    Location in a space or in time La "Barcaccia" è una famosa fontana di Roma in Piazza Navona The "Barcaccia" is a famous fountain in Rome, in Navona Square
    (countries, regions and big islands)
    Mi sono trasferito in Italia, ma poi sono andato in Spagna, in Andalusia.  I moved to Italy, but then I went to Spain, to Andalusia
    Motion within a space Navighiamo in mare aperto We are sailing in the open sea
    Transports Andiamo in aereo o in nave?  Are we going by ship or by plane?
    Materials  Il falegname ha costruito un scala in legno The carpenter built a wooden staircase
    Abilities and languages Noi scriviamo testi in francese We write texts in French


    The preposition con (with)

    The preposition con has the following meanings.

    Meaning Italian English
    Literal and figurative company Stiamo andando in spiaggia con Giulia We are going to the beach with Giulia
    Transports Mario è venuto con la macchina, ma è andato via con la bici Mario came by car, but went away by bike
    Tools Gli spaghetti si mangiano con la forchetta.  Spaghetti are eaten with a fork
    Characteristics Il gatto con la coda lunga e gli occhi neri The cat with a long tail and black eyes
    Ways Guidare con attenzione Drive careful
    Comparisons Mi mettono sempre a confronto con mio fratello They always compare me with my brother


    The preposition su (on, over,...)

    The preposition su is used in the following contexts.

    Meaning Italian English
    Location  Il libro è su quel tavolo The book is on that table
    Topic of a speech or writing Una conferenza su guerra e società in Medio Oriente A conference about war and society in the Middle East
    Approximation (age, price, measures) Era un uomo alto sul metro e ottanta It was a man about a metre and eighty tall
    Distributive (groups, grades) Un ragazzo su quattro ha preso meno di cinque su dieci!  One in four guys got less than five out of ten!


    The preposition per (for, to,...)

    The preposition per has the following meanings.

    Meaning Italian English

    Ho studiato per otto ore oggi

    I have been studying for eight hours today
    Destination in space  Il treno per Parigi è in ritardo The train to Paris is delayed
    Movement "through" something Si può entrare solo per la porta principale You can get inside only through the main door
    Reason Non sono venuto per la febbre I didn't come because of the fever
    Purposes L'ho fatto per farti stare bene I did it to make you feel good
    Imminence of an action  Sto per andare a New York I am going to go to New York
    Price or measure Ho comprato la giacca per 30 euro I bought the jacket for 30 euros


    The prepositions tra and fra (between, among,...)

    The prepositions tra and fra are perfectly synonyms. They are used in the following contexts.

    Meaning Italian English
    Position "between" two elements Le mele sono tra/fra le banane e le arance The apples are between the bananas and the oranges
    Position "among" more elements

    Il leone è il più forte tra/fra i felini

    The lion is the strongest among the felines
    Interval of time  Lo spettacolo comincia tra/fra due minuti The show begins in two minutes
    Distance Il supermercato è tra/fra duecento metri The supermarket is two-hundred meters from here
    Relations C'è un bel rapporto tra/fra noi due There is a nice relationship between the two of us

    Next lessons

    1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) Learn translations and uses of the English prepositions "of" and "from" in Italian
    2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) Check translations and uses of the English preposition "at" in Italian
    3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) Check translations and uses of the English prepositions "from" and "by" in Italian
    4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) Check translations and uses of the English preposition "in" in Italian
    5 Italian preposition "con" (with) Check translations and uses of the English preposition "with" in Italian
    6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) Check translations and uses of the English preposition "on" in Italian
    7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) Check translations and uses of the English preposition "for" in Italian
    8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) Check translations and uses of the English preposition "between" in Italian
    9 "On" in Italian (su) Check translations and uses of the English preposition "on" in Italian
    10 "To" in Italian Check translations and uses of the English preposition "to" in Italian
    11 Italian prepositions of place and time Look at the Italian prepositions to indicate a place or expression of time and their use
    12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian Check translation and uses of English prepositions in Italian