Present conditional (condizionale presente) in Italian
The Italian present conditional is called condizionale presente. It is the present tense of the conditional mood.
- 1.Definition and usage of the condizionale presente
- 2.Conjugation of the condizionale presente
- 2.1.Conjugation of regular verbs
- 2.1.1.Verbs that belong to the -are conjugation
- 2.1.2.Verbs that belong to the -ere conjugation
- 2.1.3.Verbs that belong to the -ire conjugation
- 2.2.Conjugation of irregular verbs
- 3.Auxiliary verbs: essere/avere
Definition and usage of the condizionale presente
The condizionale presente is used to:
- make polite requests or offers (condizionale di cortesia)
- make a wish or express desires (condizionale ottativo)
- give advice and make suggestions
- express or report something you are not sure about (condizionale di dissociazione)
- express hypothesis in the hypothetical period (periodo ipotetico della possibilità)
|Condizionale di cortesia||
|Advice and suggestions||
|Condizionale di dissociazione||
|Periodo ipotetico della possibilità||
The condizionale presente can be used both in main clauses and in subordinate clauses.
E.g. Luca vorrebbe un bicchiere d'acqua (Luca would like a glass of water) - main clause
Penso che dovresti chiederle scusa (I think you should apologise to her) - subordinate clause
Conjugation of the condizionale presente
The condizionale presente is formed by adding certain endings to the root of the verb.
Conjugation of regular verbs
Regular verbs add different endings based on the conjugation they belong to.
Verbs that belong to the -are conjugation
These verbs add the endings -erei, -eresti, -erebbe, -eremmo, -ereste, -erebbero to the root of the verb.
Example amare (to love)
|Io||am||erei||Io amerei andare alla festa||I would love to go to the party|
|Tu||am||eresti||Tu ameresti andare alla festa||You would love to go to the party|
|Egli/Ella||am||erebbe||Egli amerebbe andare alla festa||He would love to go to the party|
|Noi||am||eremmo||Noi ameremmo andare alla festa||We would love to go to the party|
|Voi||am||ereste||Voi amereste andare alla festa||You would love to go to the party|
|Essi/Esse||am||erebbero||Essi amerebbero andare alla festa||They would love to go to the party|
Verbs that belong to the -ere conjugation
Such verbs add the endings -erei, -eresti, -erebbe, -eremmo, -ereste, -erebbero to the root of the verb.
Example temere (to fear)
|Io||tem||erei||Io temerei di perdere il telefono a causa della confusione||I would fear to lose my phone because of the confusion|
|Tu||tem||eresti||Tu temeresti di perdere il telefono a causa della confusione||You would fear to lose your phone because of the confusion|
|Egli/Ella||tem||erebbe||Egli temerebbe di perdere il telefono a causa della confusione||He would fear to lose his phone because of the confusion|
|Noi||tem||eremmo||Noi temeremmo di perdere il telefono a causa della confusione||We would fear to lose our phones because of the confusion|
|Voi||tem||ereste||Voi temereste di perdere il telefono a causa della confusione||You would fear to lose your phones because of the confusion|
|Essi/Esse||tem||erebbero||Essi temerebbero di perdere il telefono a causa della confusione||They would fear to lose their phones because of the confusion|
Verbs that belong to the -ire conjugation
These verbs add the endings -irei,- iresti, -irebbe, -iremmo, -ireste, -irebbero to the root of the verb.
Example servire (to serve)
|Io||serv||irei||Io servirei i clienti velocemente||I would quickly serve the customers|
|Tu||serv||iresti||Tu serviresti i clienti velocemente||You would quickly serve the customers|
|Egli/Ella||serv||irebbe||Egli servirebbe i clienti velocemente||He would quickly serve the customers|
|Noi||serv||iremmo||Noi serviremmo i clienti velocemente||We would quickly serve the customers|
|Voi||serv||ireste||Voi servireste i clienti velocemente||You would quickly serve the customers|
|Essi/Esse||serv||irebbero||Essi servirebbero i clienti velocemente||They would quickly serve the customers|
Conjugation of irregular verbs
Here you can find a list of the main irregular verbs in the condizionale presente. Such verbs have to be studied by heart.
|Andare (to go)||Venire (to come)||Fare (to do/make)||Dovere (to have to)||Bere (to drink)||Potere (can/to be able to)||Sapere (to know)||Volere (to want)|
Auxiliary verbs: essere/avere
Here is the conjugation for the auxiliary verbs essere and avere in the condizionale presente:
|Essere (to be)||Avere (to have)|
- Se tu andassi al parco tutti i giorni, avresti più amici (If you went to the park every day, you would have more friends)
- Se Luisa uscisse con Marco, io sarei geloso (If Luisa went out on a date with Marco, I would be jealous)
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