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Present conditional (condizionale presente) in Italian

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The Italian present conditional is called condizionale presente. It is the present tense of the conditional mood.

Definition and usage of the condizionale presente

The condizionale presente is used to:

  1. make polite requests or offers (condizionale di cortesia)
  2. make a wish or express desires (condizionale ottativo)
  3. give advice and make suggestions 
  4. express or report something you are not sure about (condizionale di dissociazione)
  5. express hypothesis in the hypothetical period (periodo ipotetico della possibilità)
 ExampleTranslation
Condizionale di cortesia
  • Potresti spegnere la TV, per favore?
  • Gradireste del caffè?
  • Could you please turn the TV off?
  • Would you like some coffee?
Condizionale ottativo
  • Sarebbe bello andare al mare questa domenica
  • Luca vorrebbe andare in Australia
  • It would be nice to go to the seaside on Sunday
  • Luca would like to go to Australia
Advice and suggestions
  • Credo che dovresti andare dal medico
  • Penso che dovremmo prenderci una pausa
  • I think you should go to the doctor
  • I think we should all take a break
Condizionale di dissociazione
  • Il governo starebbe pensando di tagliare le tasse
  • La squadra si starebbe allenando allo stadio locale
  • The government might be thinking of cutting the taxes
  • The team might be training at the local stadium
Periodo ipotetico della possibilità
  • Se avessi più soldi, viaggerei per il mondo
  • Se sapessi lo spagnolo, potrei parlare con Javier
  • If I had more money I would travel the world
  • If I knew Spanish language, I could talk to Javier

 

enlightenedThe condizionale presente can be used both in main clauses and in subordinate clauses.
E.g. Luca vorrebbe un bicchiere d'acqua (Luca would like a glass of water) - main clause
Penso che dovresti chiederle scusa (I think you should apologise to her) - subordinate clause

 

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Conjugation of the condizionale presente

The condizionale presente is formed by adding certain endings to the root of the verb.

Conjugation of regular verbs 

Regular verbs add different endings based on the conjugation they belong to.

Verbs that belong to the -are conjugation

These verbs add the endings -erei, -eresti, -erebbe, -eremmo, -ereste, -erebbero to the root of the verb.

Example amare (to love)

 RootEndingExampleTranslation
IoamereiIo amerei andare alla festaI would love to go to the party
TuamerestiTu ameresti andare alla festaYou would love to go to the party
Egli/EllaamerebbeEgli amerebbe andare alla festaHe would love to go to the party
NoiameremmoNoi ameremmo andare alla festaWe would love to go to the party
VoiameresteVoi amereste andare alla festaYou would love to go to the party
Essi/EsseamerebberoEssi amerebbero andare alla festaThey would love to go to the party

 

Verbs that belong to the -ere conjugation

Such verbs add the endings -erei, -eresti, -erebbe, -eremmo, -ereste, -erebbero to the root of the verb.

Example temere (to fear)

 RootEndingExampleTranslation
IotemereiIo temerei di perdere il telefono a causa della confusioneI would fear to lose my phone because of the confusion
TutemerestiTu temeresti di perdere il telefono a causa della confusioneYou would fear to lose your phone because of the confusion
Egli/EllatemerebbeEgli temerebbe di perdere il telefono a causa della confusioneHe would fear to lose his phone because of the confusion
NoitemeremmoNoi temeremmo di perdere il telefono a causa della confusioneWe would fear to lose our phones because of the confusion
VoitemeresteVoi temereste di perdere il telefono a causa della confusioneYou would fear to lose your phones because of the confusion
Essi/EssetemerebberoEssi temerebbero di perdere il telefono a causa della confusioneThey would fear to lose their phones because of the confusion

 

Verbs that belong to the -ire conjugation

These verbs add the endings -irei,- iresti, -irebbe, -iremmo, -ireste, -irebbero to the root of the verb.

Example servire (to serve)

 RootEndingExampleTranslation
IoservireiIo servirei i clienti velocementeI would quickly serve the customers
TuservirestiTu serviresti i clienti velocementeYou would quickly serve the customers
Egli/EllaservirebbeEgli servirebbe i clienti velocementeHe would quickly serve the customers
NoiserviremmoNoi serviremmo i clienti velocementeWe would quickly serve the customers
VoiserviresteVoi servireste i clienti velocementeYou would quickly serve the customers
Essi/EsseservirebberoEssi servirebbero i clienti velocementeThey would quickly serve the customers

 

Conjugation of irregular verbs

Here you can find a list of the main irregular verbs in the condizionale presente. Such verbs have to be studied by heart.

 Andare (to go)Venire (to come)Fare (to do/make)Dovere (to have to)Bere (to drink)Potere (can/to be able to)Sapere (to know)Volere (to want)
Ioandreiverreifareidovreiberreipotreisapreivorrei
Tuandrestiverrestifarestidovrestiberrestipotrestisaprestivorresti
Egli/Ellaandrebbeverrebbefarebbedovrebbeberrebbepotrebbesaprebbevorrebbe
Noiandremmoverremmofaremmodovremmoberremmopotremmosapremmovorremmo
Voiandresteverrestefarestedovresteberrestepotrestesaprestevorreste
Essi/Esseandrebberoverrebberofarebberodovrebberoberrebberopotrebberosaprebberovorrebbero

 

Auxiliary verbs: essere/avere

Here is the conjugation for the auxiliary verbs essere and avere in the condizionale presente:

 Essere (to be)Avere (to have)
Iosareiavrei
Tusarestiavresti
Egli/Ellasarebbeavrebbe
Noisaremmoavremmo
Voisaresteavreste
Essi/Essesarebberoavrebbero

 

Examples:

  • Se tu andassi al parco tutti i giorni, avresti più amici (If you went to the park every day, you would have more friends)
  • Se Luisa uscisse con Marco, io sarei geloso (If Luisa went out on a date with Marco, I would be jealous) 

 

Now don't forget to check our exercises to test your knowledge!


Exercises

  1. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the condizionale presente
  2. Spot the verbs in the condizionale presente

Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the condizionale presente


Spot the verbs in the condizionale presente


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