• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 22.1 Italian sentence structure (word order) [0/4]
  • 22.2 Structure of complex Italian sentences [0/4]
  • 22.3 Not in Italian (negation, negative sentences) [0/3]
  • 22.4 Italian interrogative sentences (questions) [0/1]
  • 22.5 Italian conditional sentences (if-clauses) [0/1]
  • 22.6 Italian passive sentences [0/1]
  • 22.7 Italian impersonal construction (Si impersonale) [0/1]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • Present conditional (condizionale presente) in Italian

    Exercises

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    1. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the condizionale presente Score -/-
    2. Spot the verbs in the condizionale presente Score -/-

    The Italian present conditional is called condizionale presente. It is the present tense of the conditional mood.

    Definition and usage of the condizionale presente

    The condizionale presente is used to:

    1. make polite requests or offers (condizionale di cortesia)
    2. make a wish or express desires (condizionale ottativo)
    3. give advice and make suggestions 
    4. express or report something you are not sure about (condizionale di dissociazione)
    5. express hypothesis in the hypothetical period (periodo ipotetico della possibilità)
      Example Translation
    Condizionale di cortesia
    • Potresti spegnere la TV, per favore?
    • Gradireste del caffè?
    • Could you please turn the TV off?
    • Would you like some coffee?
    Condizionale ottativo
    • Sarebbe bello andare al mare questa domenica
    • Luca vorrebbe andare in Australia
    • It would be nice to go to the seaside on Sunday
    • Luca would like to go to Australia
    Advice and suggestions
    • Credo che dovresti andare dal medico
    • Penso che dovremmo prenderci una pausa
    • I think you should go to the doctor
    • I think we should all take a break
    Condizionale di dissociazione
    • Il governo starebbe pensando di tagliare le tasse
    • La squadra si starebbe allenando allo stadio locale
    • The government might be thinking of cutting the taxes
    • The team might be training at the local stadium
    Periodo ipotetico della possibilità
    • Se avessi più soldi, viaggerei per il mondo
    • Se sapessi lo spagnolo, potrei parlare con Javier
    • If I had more money I would travel the world
    • If I knew Spanish language, I could talk to Javier

     

    enlightenedThe condizionale presente can be used both in main clauses and in subordinate clauses.
    E.g. Luca vorrebbe un bicchiere d'acqua (Luca would like a glass of water) - main clause
    Penso che dovresti chiederle scusa (I think you should apologise to her) - subordinate clause

     

    Conjugation of the condizionale presente

    The condizionale presente is formed by adding certain endings to the root of the verb.

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    Conjugation of regular verbs 

    Regular verbs add different endings based on the conjugation they belong to.

    Verbs that belong to the -are conjugation

    These verbs add the endings -erei, -eresti, -erebbe, -eremmo, -ereste, -erebbero to the root of the verb.

    Example amare (to love)

      Root Ending Example Translation
    Io am erei Io amerei andare alla festa I would love to go to the party
    Tu am eresti Tu ameresti andare alla festa You would love to go to the party
    Egli/Ella am erebbe Egli amerebbe andare alla festa He would love to go to the party
    Noi am eremmo Noi ameremmo andare alla festa We would love to go to the party
    Voi am ereste Voi amereste andare alla festa You would love to go to the party
    Essi/Esse am erebbero Essi amerebbero andare alla festa They would love to go to the party

     

    Verbs that belong to the -ere conjugation

    Such verbs add the endings -erei, -eresti, -erebbe, -eremmo, -ereste, -erebbero to the root of the verb.

    Example temere (to fear)

      Root Ending Example Translation
    Io tem erei Io temerei di perdere il telefono a causa della confusione I would fear to lose my phone because of the confusion
    Tu tem eresti Tu temeresti di perdere il telefono a causa della confusione You would fear to lose your phone because of the confusion
    Egli/Ella tem erebbe Egli temerebbe di perdere il telefono a causa della confusione He would fear to lose his phone because of the confusion
    Noi tem eremmo Noi temeremmo di perdere il telefono a causa della confusione We would fear to lose our phones because of the confusion
    Voi tem ereste Voi temereste di perdere il telefono a causa della confusione You would fear to lose your phones because of the confusion
    Essi/Esse tem erebbero Essi temerebbero di perdere il telefono a causa della confusione They would fear to lose their phones because of the confusion

     

    Verbs that belong to the -ire conjugation

    These verbs add the endings -irei,- iresti, -irebbe, -iremmo, -ireste, -irebbero to the root of the verb.

    Example servire (to serve)

      Root Ending Example Translation
    Io serv irei Io servirei i clienti velocemente I would quickly serve the customers
    Tu serv iresti Tu serviresti i clienti velocemente You would quickly serve the customers
    Egli/Ella serv irebbe Egli servirebbe i clienti velocemente He would quickly serve the customers
    Noi serv iremmo Noi serviremmo i clienti velocemente We would quickly serve the customers
    Voi serv ireste Voi servireste i clienti velocemente You would quickly serve the customers
    Essi/Esse serv irebbero Essi servirebbero i clienti velocemente They would quickly serve the customers

     

    Conjugation of irregular verbs

    Here you can find a list of the main irregular verbs in the condizionale presente. Such verbs have to be studied by heart.

      Andare (to go) Venire (to come) Fare (to do/make) Dovere (to have to) Bere (to drink) Potere (can/to be able to) Sapere (to know) Volere (to want)
    Io andrei verrei farei dovrei berrei potrei saprei vorrei
    Tu andresti verresti faresti dovresti berresti potresti sapresti vorresti
    Egli/Ella andrebbe verrebbe farebbe dovrebbe berrebbe potrebbe saprebbe vorrebbe
    Noi andremmo verremmo faremmo dovremmo berremmo potremmo sapremmo vorremmo
    Voi andreste verreste fareste dovreste berreste potreste sapreste vorreste
    Essi/Esse andrebbero verrebbero farebbero dovrebbero berrebbero potrebbero saprebbero vorrebbero

     

    Auxiliary verbs: essere/avere

    Here is the conjugation for the auxiliary verbs essere and avere in the condizionale presente:

      Essere (to be) Avere (to have)
    Io sarei avrei
    Tu saresti avresti
    Egli/Ella sarebbe avrebbe
    Noi saremmo avremmo
    Voi sareste avreste
    Essi/Esse sarebbero avrebbero

     

    Examples:

    • Se tu andassi al parco tutti i giorni, avresti più amici (If you went to the park every day, you would have more friends)
    • Se Luisa uscisse con Marco, io sarei geloso (If Luisa went out on a date with Marco, I would be jealous) 

     

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