• Italian grammar
  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)Free
  • Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 22.1 Italian sentence structure (word order) [0/4]
  • 22.2 Structure of complex Italian sentences [0/4]
  • 22.3 Not in Italian (negation, negative sentences) [0/3]
  • 22.4 Italian interrogative sentences (questions) [0/1]
  • 22.5 Italian conditional sentences (if-clauses) [0/1]
  • 22.6 Italian passive sentences [0/1]
  • 22.7 Italian impersonal construction (Si impersonale) [0/1]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • What is the past participle (participio passato) in Italian?

    The participio passato is the past tense of the Italian participle mood.

    How to conjugate and use the past participle

    It is very frequently used in Italian, and it usually has:

    It refers to a concluded action and it is made up through the -ato, -uto o -ito endings, instead of the infinitive -are, -ere, -ire.

    Gender and Number Root + Ending
    Masculine and feminine singular -to/a = am-ato/a (loved), cred-uto/a (believed), serv-ito/a (served)
    Masculine and feminine plural -ti/e = am-ati/e (loved ones), cred-uti/e (believed ones), serv-iti/e (served ones)


    enlightened Remember! In intransitive verb conjugations (with essere as auxiliary), the endings of the past participle must fit the gender and the number of the noun they are referring to:
           e.g. Egli è amato (He is loved); Ella è amata (She is loved);
                  Essi sono amati (We are loved); Esse sono amate (They are loved).


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    Irregular past participle

    The participio passato is full of irregular forms.

    Below, you will find the Italian past participle list of the main irregular verbs.

    Infinitive Participle present Participle past Passato prossimo (3rd singular)

    Dare (to give)


    dato  ha dato

    fare (to do)



    ha fatto

    stare (to stay)

    stante stato è stato/a

    accendere (to switch on)

    accend-ènte acceso ha acceso
    bere (to drink) bev-ènte bev-uto ha bevuto
    chiedere (to ask) chied-ènte chiesto ha chiesto
    chiudere (to close) chiud-ènte chiuso ha chiuso
    cogliere (to catch) cogl-iènte colto ha colto
    conoscere (to know) conosc-ènte conosc-iuto ha conosciuto
    correggere (to correct) corregg-ènte corretto ha corretto - è corretto/a
    correre (to run) corr-ente corso ha corso - è corso/a
    cuocere (to cook) cocènte còtto ha cotto - è cotto/a
    decidere (to decide) decid-ènte deciso ha deciso
    dipingere (to paint) diping-ènte dipinto ha dipinto
    esistere (to exist) esist-ènte esistito è esistito
    leggere (to read) legg-ènte letto ha letto
    mettere (to put) mett-ènte messo ha messo
    muovere (to move) movènte mosso ha mosso
    perdere (to loose) perd-ènte perso ha perso
    prendere (to take) prend-ènte preso ha preso
    ridere (to laugh) rid-ènte riso ha riso
    rispondere (to answer) rispond-ènte risposto ha risposto
    vedere (to see) ved-ènte visto ha visto
    vivere (to live) viv-ente vissuto ha vissuto

    apparire (to appear)

    appar-ènte apparso è apparso/a

    aprire (to open)

    aprente aperto ha aperto

    dire (to say)

    dicènte detto ha detto
    dormire (to sleep) dorm-iente dorm-ito ha dormito

    morire (to die)

    mor-ènte morto è morto/a
    offrire (to offer) offerènte offerto ha offerto
    salire (to go up) sal-ènte salito ha salito - è salito/a
    udire (to hear) ud-ènte udito ha udito
    uscire (to exit) usc-ènte uscito è uscito/a
    essere (to be) (essènte, ènte) stato* è stato/a
    avere (to have) avènte avuto ha avuto


    *enlightened Careful! As you can notice, the past participles of essere (to be) and of stare (to stay) are the same. This is because of their meaning and their usage among the speaker:
            e.g. Io sono stato male (I was bad) vs. Io non sono stato a casa ieri (I didn't stay at home last night).

    Some examples of the nominal and verbal value

    As we said, the participio passato in Italian can have both a verbal than a nominal value.

    The nominal value is typical of the present participle, while the past participle is mainly typified by the verbal value.

    Therefore, it is important to keep in mind that:

    • the participio passato has a passive value with transitive verbs;
    • the participio passato has a active value with intransitive verbs.


    Past participle values Example Translation
    Nominal In questo cimitero sono sepolti i caduti in guerra. The fallen in war are buried in this graveyard.

    Il sentiero davanti a noi era coperto di foglie morte.

    The path before us was covered with dead leaves.
    Verbal (passive with transitive verb) Vista la situazione, i ragazzi tornarono svelti a casa. Given the situation, the boys went home quickly.
    Verbal (active with intransitive verb) Corso davanti alla porta, il cane cominciò ad abbaiare. When the dog came before the door, it started to bark.