Articles (Gli articoli) are used to point out a noun or other substantivized parts of speech.
In the Italian language articles must agree in gender and number with the noun they precede.
|Definite articles||Indefinite articles||Partitive articles|
|Singular||Masculine||Il, Lo, L'||Un, Uno||Del, Dello|
|Plural||Masculine||I, Gli||/||Dei, Degli|
Definite articles are generally used with already known or already mentioned elements.
Their use depends on the initial letter of the following word.
|Masculine||Il||I||+ any consonant|
|Masculine||Lo||Gli||+ gn, sp, st, ps, pn, z, y + consonant|
|Feminine||La||Le||+ any consonant|
Lo and La can undergo some changed depending on the word that follows:
|Lo → L' + word beginning with a vowel||La → L' + word beginning with a vowel|
|Il cane che ho visto al parco stava giocando con l'osso.||The dog I saw in the park was playing with a bone.|
|La signora che abita di fronte casa mia è un'amica di mia zia.||The woman who lives in front of my home is a friend of my aunt's.|
|Gli uomini che lavorano in quell'ufficio sono europei.||The men who work in that office are European.|
|Le regole non sono cambiate.||Rules have not changed.|
|Ho fatto una torta con lo zenzero e i mirtilli.||I baked a cake with ginger and blueberries|
Indefinite articles are used to introduce unknown elements or to mention each single part of a group.
They are only singular.
It's important not to confuse un that precedes a masculine noun, and un' that introduces a feminine noun.
|Pensate che sia una cosa fattibile?||Do you think it is something doable?|
|Ho visto un ragazzo che ti salutava.||I saw a guy who was waving to you.|
|Ha messo un'ancora nell'acquario.||He put an anchor in the acquarium.|
|Manca uno studente. Dov'è?||A student is missing. Where is he?|
|Un amico è per sempre, dicono.||A friend is forever, or so they say.|
Italian partitives change according to number and gender of the noun they precede.
They translate as "some/any" in English.
|Singular||del, dello, dell'||della, dell'|
Remember not to confuse singular partitive articles (uncountable nouns) and indefinite articles (countable nouns).
Partitive articles can also be easily mistaken for articulated prepositions. Pay attention to the context to distinguish them correctly.
|Delle ragazze ci hanno informato che stasera ci saranno degli eventi interessanti.||Some girls told us that there will be some interesting events tonight.|
|Del cioccolato bianco mi farebbe piacere.||I wouldn't mind some white chocolate.|
|Ci serve della buona sangria spagnola.||We need some good Spanish sangria.|
|C'è del pepe? Se non c'è dammi il sale.||Is there any pepper? If there not, pass me the salt.|
|Dobbiamo decorare quella torta con dello zucchero di canna.||We have to decorate that cake with some brown sugar.|
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I'm a certified Italian teacher based in my hometown Florence. I spent my childhood in a small village in the Chianti countryside and I always... loved to explore curious aspects of different languages. I studied Arabic, English, French and Spanish and I like to help students with practical insights into Italian language to better fix the structures and improve pronunciation, grammar and conversation. After my studies (master degree in teaching Italian as a second language + CEDILS certificate - teaching Italian to foreign students), I taught in different contexts and countries (IIC of Beirut, private schools in Prague, companies in Malta and Florence and to many many private students!). I try each time to adapt to every student's needs, with mainly one goal: making every student enthusiastic about the learning process and more and more confident. I use a communicative approach and I can offer classes of Italian languages, cinema, culture, gestures, focuses on grammar, conversation, etc. A presto! Olivia Read more
Me as a Teacher I am a Serbian native speaker and a language teacher. I have been teaching online for 5 years. I live in Belgrade. I've been... teaching online for 5 years (officially). I love teaching because it's a dynamic and an interesting job. You can teach your students and you can learn from them as well. The happiness and joy of the student + their progresses with their target language = my biggest prize (so my students are the ones who motivate me to work better)and I try to combine: a bit of reading, a bit of writing, a bit of conversation, a bit of grammar and a bit of listening by using different resources. About Me My favorite topics are: 1. Travelling , 2. Foreign languages, 3. TV programs, 4. Films and TV series, 5. Culture, 6. sport, 7. IT, 8. Science My hobbies are: learning foreign languages, horse- riding, reading, travelling, ... I am open-minded, flexible and very positive. If you come up with something interesting to talk about, please, don't hesitate to suggest me and I'll gladly discuss with you about that. I visited: Montenegro, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Slovakia and Slovenia. My Lessons & Teaching Style Firstly, I test the level of the target language... I have two parts: 1) Conversational part (here I check their vocabulary and their fluency + I find out their language goals and their needs) 2) Writing part (with that I focus much more on grammar and spelling) For each part, I take notes (I have my notebook for that). Secondly, I personalize my lessons to their goals and needs. I can cover a lot of topics: business, travelling, culture, etc. My Teaching Material Text Documents Audio Recordings Images and Visuals Video News Articles and Magazines Quizzes Example Test Templates Graphs and Charts Homework Assignments PowerPoint Presentations Read more
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