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Italian articles (the/a, an)

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Articles (Gli articoli) are used to point out a noun or other substantivized parts of speech.

In the Italian language articles must agree in gender and number with the noun they precede.

Italian articles chart

  Definite articlesIndefinite articlesPartitive articles
SingularMasculineIl, Lo, L'Un, UnoDel, Dello
PluralMasculineI, Gli/Dei, Degli

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Italian definite articles chart (il, lo, la, i, gli, le)

Definite articles are generally used with already known or already mentioned elements.
Their use depends on the initial letter of the following word.

MasculineIlI+ any consonant
MasculineLoGli+ gn, sp, st, ps, pn, z, y + consonant
FeminineLaLe+ any consonant


Lo and La can undergo some changed depending on the word that follows:

Lo → L' + word beginning with a vowelLa → L' + word beginning with a vowel


Il cane che ho visto al parco stava giocando con l'osso.The dog I saw in the park was playing with a bone.
La signora che abita di fronte casa mia è un'amica di mia zia.The woman who lives in front of my home is a friend of my aunt's.
Gli uomini che lavorano in quell'ufficio sono europei. The men who work in that office are European.
Le regole non sono cambiate.Rules have not changed.
Ho fatto una torta con lo zenzero e i mirtilli.I baked a cake with ginger and blueberries


Italian indefinite articles chart (un, uno, una)

Indefinite articles are used to introduce unknown elements or to mention each single part of a group.
They are only singular



It's important not to confuse un that precedes a masculine noun, and un' that introduces a feminine noun.


Pensate che sia una cosa fattibile?Do you think it is something doable?
Ho visto un ragazzo che ti salutava.I saw a guy who was waving to you.
Ha messo un'ancora nell'acquario.He put an anchor in the acquarium.
Manca uno studente. Dov'è?A student is missing. Where is he?
Un amico è per sempre, dicono.A friend is forever, or so they say.


Italian partitive articles chart (dei, degli, delle, ...)

Italian partitives change according to number and gender of the noun they precede.

They translate as "some/any" in English.

Singulardel, dello, dell'della, dell'
Pluraldei, deglidelle


Remember not to confuse singular partitive articles (uncountable nouns) and indefinite articles (countable nouns).

Partitive articles can also be easily mistaken for articulated prepositions. Pay attention to the context to distinguish them correctly.


Delle ragazze ci hanno informato che stasera ci saranno degli eventi interessanti.Some girls told us that there will be some interesting events tonight.
Del cioccolato bianco mi farebbe piacere.I wouldn't mind some white chocolate.
Ci serve della buona sangria spagnola.We need some good Spanish sangria.
C'è del pepe? Se non c'è dammi il sale.Is there any pepper? If there not, pass me the salt.
Dobbiamo decorare quella torta con dello zucchero di canna.We have to decorate that cake with some brown sugar.



  1. Exercise on Italian articles - Fill in the blanks
  2. Exercise on Italian articles definite or Indefinite articles - Single choice set
  3. Exercise on Italian partitive and indefinite articles - Drag text
  4. Review on Italian articles categories - Drag and drop

Exercise on Italian articles - Fill in the blanks

Exercise on Italian articles definite or Indefinite articles - Single choice set

Exercise on Italian partitive and indefinite articles - Drag text

Review on Italian articles categories - Drag and drop

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Hands down one of the best teachers I've had the pleasure of working with. Very knowledgeable in all aspects of Bulgarian (grammar rules, expressions, ...) but also in both English and French, which helps whenever you have a more in-depth question on the how or why something is the way it is in Bulgarian. Furthermore he has his own material and always comes prepared, but he is equally open to changing the subject of a lesson to suit your needs. He is patient, positive and not too scholarly, which is what you need as an adult learning day- to- day Bulgarian.I have been working with him for 18 months now and still look forward to our lessons every week.
An's Bulgarian has tremendously improved since she gave it go a year and a half ago. Of course, It goes without saying that I am pleased to work with such an enthusiastic learner who is living proof that, through hard work and perseverance, everyone can succeed in their language goals. An, you are now an independant user of the language who is able to successfully lead real-live conversations. Pat yourself on the back.
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We are an Italian family residing in France for 3 months, we have two 10 year old children who have just started attending CM1. We asked Natalia to give the children two lessons a week to speed up their learning. We are super happy with the choice. Nous sommes une famille italienne résidant en France depuis janvier, nous avons deux enfants de 10 ans qui viennent de commencer la CM1. Nous avons demandé à Natalia de leur donner deux leçons par semaine pour accélérer leur apprentissage. Nous sommes super contents de Natalia. We are an Italian family living in France since 3 months, we have two 10 year old children who have just started attending CM1. We asked Natalia to give the kids two lessons a week to speed up their learning. We are super happy with this choice.
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Daniela is a very pleasant and brisk teacher who has the talent to make you feel at ease immediately. Her lessons are a nice mix of conversation and theory. Again and again it is a nice hour to look forward to !! Thank you Daniela !!
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Dear Hilde, thank you very much for your words. I'm glad you are satisfied with our time together. I will continue to do my best to make you practice your beautiful Italian in a cheerful and peaceful way :-)
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The lesson with Celia was perfect! She was puntcual, kind and her teaching method is effective and funny. She started the class with some "games" to get to know eachother and then we discussed about an article she provided. The time of the class passed really fast and I learned new vocabulary. Absolutely raccomended.
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Next lessons

1 Italian definite articles (il, lo, la, i, gli, le) How to use definite articles in Italian?
2 Italian indefinite articles (un, uno, una) A lesson on Italian indefinite articles
3 Italian partitive articles (dei, degli, delle, ...) An introduction to Italian partitive articles