• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • Verbi impersonali in Italian

    I verbi impersonali represent a category of verbs of the Italian language.

    Definition of verbi impersonali

    I verbi impersonali italiani are those verbs that can only be found in the non-finite moods and at the 3rd person singular of the finite moods.

    Examples:

    • Piove (It rains)
    • Sembra che tu sia affamato (It seems/looks like you are hungry)

    List of the main verbi impersonali

    The main verbi impersonali in italiano belong to the following categories:

    1. Verbs related to weather and atmospheric phenomena
    2. Fare + adjective or noun
    3. Verbs that are usually used in an impersonal way even if they also have a personal conjugation
    4. Essere + adverb or adjective
    5. Passive verbs that express a prohibition or a permission
      Verbi impersonali Example Translation
    Weather and atmospheric phenomena
    • Piovere (to rain), nevicare (to snow), tuonare (to thunder)...
    • Non posso uscire perchè sta piovendo
    • Hai sentito che tuona?
    • I can't go out because it's raining
    • Have you heard the thunder?
    Fare + adjective/noun
    • Fare freddo (to be cold), fare bello (to be good weather), fare notte (to be nighttime) 
    • Ieri faceva davvero freddo
    • In inverno fa subito notte
    • Yesterday it was really cold
    • In winter night falls early
    Impersonal verbs
    • Sembrare (to seem, to look like), bisognare (to need), necessitare (to need), accadere (to occurr), capitare (to happen), succedere (to happen)
    • E' successo un incidente sulla strada che va dall'ospedale alla scuola
    • Capita spesso di perdere le chiavi
    • An accident happened on the road that goes from the hospital to the school
    • It often happens to lose the keys
    Essere + adverb/adjective
    • Essere possibile (to be possible), essere chiaro (to be clear), essere necessario (to be necessary)
    • E' chiaro che sia stato lui a rubare i gioielli
    • E' possibile che il volo sia stato cancellato
    • It's clear that he was the one who stole the jewellery
    • It's possible that the flight was cancelled
    Prohibition or permission
    • Essere proibito/vietato (to be forbidden), essere permesso/concesso (to be allowed, to be permitted)
    • E' vietato fumare in ospedale
    • Non è permesso tuffarsi in piscina
    • It is forbidden to smoke in the hospital
    • It is not allowed to dive in the pool

     

    Construction with the si impersonale

    Any verb can be used in an impersonal way in the Italian language.
    All you have to do is add si before the conjugated verb.

    Examples:

    • Si dice che Luca abbia una cotta per Laura (It is said that Luca has a crush in Laura)
    • Si perse molto tempo prima di iniziare le indagini (A lot of time was lost before the police started investigating)

    enlightenedIt is also possible to use the pronoun uno to make a statement impersonal.
    Examples: In certi casi uno non sa cosa dire (In certain case one doesn't know what to say)
    Non è giusto! Uno studia tutto il giorno e poi non passa l'esame (It's not fair! One studies all day long and doesn't pass the exam)

    How to make reflexive verbs impersonal

    Reflexive verbs already have si.
    Therefore they can be made impersonal by adding ci before the si and the conjugated verb.

    Examples:

    • Ci si arrabbia spesso per cose inutili (People often get angry for useless things)
    • Ci si vede alle 15 al parco (Let's meet at 3 pm at the park)

    How to form compound tenses of verbi impersonali

    Compound tenses of verbi impersonali are usually formed with the auxiliary essere.

    Examples:

    • Per un attimo è sembrato che il governo dovesse approvare la riforma (For a tiny moment it seemed like the government had to approve the reform)
    • Sarebbe bastato svegliarsi prima (It would have been enough if we had got up earlier)

    Despite this, verbs that indicate the weather or atmospheric phenomena can also use the auxiliary avere to form compound tenses.
    Therefore both forms are accepted and the meaning does not change.

    Examples:

    • Ieri ha nevicato tutto il giorno (Yesterday it snowed all day long)
    • Ieri è nevicato tutto il giorno (Yesterday it snowed all day long)

     

    Now don't forget to try our exercises to test your knowledge!

     

    Exercises

    Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verbi impersonali

    Choose the correct form of the verbi impersonali