• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 22.1 Italian sentence structure (word order) [0/4]
  • 22.2 Structure of complex Italian sentences [0/4]
  • 22.3 Not in Italian (negation, negative sentences) [0/3]
  • 22.4 Italian interrogative sentences (questions) [0/1]
  • 22.5 Italian conditional sentences (if-clauses) [0/1]
  • 22.6 Italian passive sentences [0/1]
  • 22.7 Italian impersonal construction (Si impersonale) [0/1]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • In the following pages you can find information on the future tenses of the indicative mood:

    1.  Future tense in Italian (futuro semplice)
    2. Future perfect in Italian (futuro anteriore)

     

    Here is a chart to sum up the two future tenses in Italian:

     

      When to use it How to form it
    Futuro semplice action that will take place in the future
    1. Root + -erò, -erai, -erà, -eremo, -erete, -eranno
    2. Root + -erò ,-erai, -erà, -eremo, -erete, -eranno
    3. Root + -irò, -irai, -irà, -iremo, -irete, -iranno
    Futuro anteriore action that will take place in the future, usually before another action introduced by the futuro semplice futuro semplice auxiliary verb + past participle main verb

     

     

    Future tense in Italian

    This tense in Italian is called futuro semplice.

    The Italian futuro semplice is used to refer to an action that will take place in the future.

    This tense can be found with marker words such as domani (tomorrow), fra 2/10 giorni (in 2/10 days), la prossima settimana (next week), stasera (this evening).

    Regular verbs form the futuro semplice by adding certain endings to the root of the verb:

    1.  -are conjugation: -erò, -erai, -erà, -eremo, -erete, -eranno
    2.  -ere conjugation: -erò, -erai, -erà, -eremo, -erete, -eranno
    3.  -ire conjugation: -irò, -irai, -irà, -iremo, -irete, -iranno

    Examples:

    • Domani Francesco arriverà a Positano - Tomorrow Francesco will arrive in Positano
    • Il prossimo anno partiremo per la Grecia - Next year we will leave to go to Greece

    Some irregular verbs fall within two categories:

    1. Verbs that lose th ending except for the letter r
      E.g. Sapere (to know) - saprò
    2. Verbs that lose not only the ending but also part of the root and add rr instead
      E.g. Venire (to come) - verrò

    Other irregular verbs have to be studied by heart because they do not follow any grammatical rule:

    • Dare (to give) - io darò, tu darai, egli darà...
    • Fare (to do/make) - io farò, tu farai, egli farà...
    • Stare (to stay) - io starò, tu starai, egli starà

    Auxiliary verbs and the -are, -ere, -ire conjugations

    Here is a chart to help you with the conjugation of the futuro semplice:

      Essere (to be) Avere (to have) Arrivare (to arrive) Conoscere (to know) Partire (to leave)
    Io sarò avrò arriverò conoscerò partirò
    Tu sarai avrai arriverai conoscerai partirai
    Egli/Ella sarà avrà arriverà conoscerà partirà
    Noi saremo avremo arriveremo conosceremo partiremo
    Voi sarete avrete arriverete conoscerete partirete
    Essi/Esse saranno avranno arriveranno conosceranno partiranno

     

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    Future perfect in Italian

    The Italian future perfect is a compound tense and it is called futuro anteriore.

    The futuro anteriore refers to an action that will take place in the future, usually before another action introduced by the futuro semplice.

    Examples:

    • Quando Riccardo arriverà a destinazione, sarà già calata la notte - When Riccardo will arrive at his destination, the night will have already fallen
    • Fra tre giorni avrò finito il mio corso di portoghese - I will have finished my Portuguese course in three days

    This tense can be found with marker words such as quando (when), dopo che (after), non appena (as soon as).

    The futuro anteriore is formed by:

    Futuro semplice of the auxiliary verb + past participle of the main verb

    Some Italian verbs form the past participle in a regular way:

    • Giocare (to play) - giocato
    • Credere (to believe) - creduto
    • Dormire (to sleep) - dormito

    Other Italian verbs form the past participle in an irregular way and they have to be studied by heart:

    • Dire (to say) - detto
    • Perdere (to lose) - perso
    • Uccidere (to kill) - ucciso

    Auxiliary verbs and the -are, -ere, -ire conjugations

      Essere (to be) Avere (to have) Giocare (to play) Credere (to believe) Dormire (to sleep)
    Io sarò stato/a avrò avuto avrò giocato avrò creduto avrò dormito
    Tu sarai stato/a avrai avuto avrai giocato avrai creduto avrai dormito
    Egli/Ella sarà stato/a avrà avuto avrà giocato avrà creduto avrà dormito
    Noi saremo stati/e avremo avuto avremo giocato avremo creduto avremo dormito
    Voi sarete stati/e avrete avuto avrete giocato avrete creduto avrete dormito
    Essi/Esse saranno stati/e avranno avuto avranno giocato avranno creduto avranno dormito

     

    Next lessons

    1 Future tense in Italian (futuro semplice) A lesson on the future tenses in Italian
    2 Future perfect in Italian (futuro anteriore) Course on the Italian future perfect