In the following pages you can find information on the future tenses of the indicative mood:
Here is a chart to sum up the two future tenses in Italian:
|When to use it||How to form it|
|Futuro semplice||action that will take place in the future||
|Futuro anteriore||action that will take place in the future, usually before another action introduced by the futuro semplice||futuro semplice auxiliary verb + past participle main verb|
This tense in Italian is called futuro semplice.
The Italian futuro semplice is used to refer to an action that will take place in the future.
This tense can be found with marker words such as domani (tomorrow), fra 2/10 giorni (in 2/10 days), la prossima settimana (next week), stasera (this evening).
Regular verbs form the futuro semplice by adding certain endings to the root of the verb:
Some irregular verbs fall within two categories:
Other irregular verbs have to be studied by heart because they do not follow any grammatical rule:
Here is a chart to help you with the conjugation of the futuro semplice:
|Essere (to be)||Avere (to have)||Arrivare (to arrive)||Conoscere (to know)||Partire (to leave)|
The Italian future perfect is a compound tense and it is called futuro anteriore.
The futuro anteriore refers to an action that will take place in the future, usually before another action introduced by the futuro semplice.
This tense can be found with marker words such as quando (when), dopo che (after), non appena (as soon as).
The futuro anteriore is formed by:
Futuro semplice of the auxiliary verb + past participle of the main verb
Some Italian verbs form the past participle in a regular way:
Other Italian verbs form the past participle in an irregular way and they have to be studied by heart:
|Essere (to be)||Avere (to have)||Giocare (to play)||Credere (to believe)||Dormire (to sleep)|
|Io||sarò stato/a||avrò avuto||avrò giocato||avrò creduto||avrò dormito|
|Tu||sarai stato/a||avrai avuto||avrai giocato||avrai creduto||avrai dormito|
|Egli/Ella||sarà stato/a||avrà avuto||avrà giocato||avrà creduto||avrà dormito|
|Noi||saremo stati/e||avremo avuto||avremo giocato||avremo creduto||avremo dormito|
|Voi||sarete stati/e||avrete avuto||avrete giocato||avrete creduto||avrete dormito|
|Essi/Esse||saranno stati/e||avranno avuto||avranno giocato||avranno creduto||avranno dormito|
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