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Future perfect in Italian (futuro anteriore)

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The Italian future perfect (futuro anteriore) is a compound tense that belongs to the indicative mood.

Definition and usage of the Italian future perfect (futuro anteriore)

The futuro anteriore is used to refer to an action that will take place in the future, usually before another action introduced by the futuro semplice.

Example:

  • Quando Martin arriverà alla fermata, il pullman sarà già partito (When Martin will arrive at the bus stop, the bus will have already left)
  • Fra due anni avrò imparato lo spagnolo (In two years I will have learned Spanish)

enlightenedIn everyday language there is a tendency to use the futuro semplice instead of the futuro anteriore.
E.g. Quando Giorgio arriverà, potremo pranzare (When Giorgio comes, we will have lunch)
Quando inizierà il film, bisognerà fare silenzio (When the film starts, we will have to be silent)

 

The futuro anteriore can also be used to make suggestions or hypothesis about an action that took place in the past (futuro epistemico).
Example:

  • Le luci della casa sono accese: avranno dimenticato di spegnerle (The house lights are on: they must have forgotten to turn them off)
  • Luisa non è venuta al cinema: sarà stata impegnata (Luisa didn't come to the cinema: she must have been busy)

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Marker words that indicate the futuro anteriore

Here are some marker words that can be found with the futuro anteriore.

ExampleTranslation
Dopo cheAfter
QuandoWhen
Non appenaAs soon as

Example:

  • Dopo che avrò chiamato il dottore, potrò uscire (After I will have called the doctor, I will leave the house)
  • Non appena saranno arrivati a Madeira, ci chiameranno (As soon as they will have arrived in Madeira, they will call us)

 

Conjugation of the futuro anteriore

The italian futuro anteriore is formed as follows:

Futuro semplice of the auxiliary verb essere/avere + participio passato of the main verb

Conjugation of regular verbs in the futuro anteriore

Regular verbs form the futuro anteriore as follows:

Verbs that belong to the -are conjugation

Example giocare (to play)

 Futuro semplice auxiliary verbParticipio passato main verbExampleTranslation
IoavrògiocatoIo avrò giocato a calcioI will have played football
TuavraigiocatoTu avrai giocato a calcioYou will have played football
Egli/EllaavràgiocatoEgli avrà giocato a calcioHe will have played football
NoiavremogiocatoNoi avremo giocato a calcioWe will have played football
VoiavretegiocatoVoi avrete giocato a calcioYou will have played football
Essi/EsseavrannogiocatoEssi avranno giocato a calcioThey will have played football

 

Verbs that belong to the -ere conjugation

Example credere (to believe)

 Futuro semplice auxiliary verbParticipio passato main verbExampleTranslation
IoavròcredutoIo avrò creduto ad una bugiaI will have believed a lie
TuavraicredutoTu avrai creduto ad una bugiaYou will have believed a lie
Egli/EllaavràcredutoEgli avrà creduto ad una bugiaHe will have believed a lie
NoiavremocredutoNoi avremo creduto ad una bugiaWe will have believed a lie
VoiavretecredutoVoi avrete creduto ad una bugiaYou will have believed a lie
Essi/EsseavrannocredutoEssi avranno creduto ad una bugiaThey will have believed a lie

 

Verbs that belong to the -ire conjugation

Example dormire (to sleep)

 Futuro semplice auxiliary verbParticipio passato main verbExampleTranslation
IoavròdormitoIo avrò dormito per tre oreI will have slept for three hours
TuavraidormitoTu avrai dormito per tre oreYou will have slept for three hours
Egli/EllaavràdormitoEgli avrà dormito per tre oreHe will have slept for three hours
NoiavremodormitoNoi avremo dormito per tre oreWe will have slept for three hours
VoiavretedormitoVoi avrete dormito per tre oreYou will have slept for three hours
Essi/EsseavrannodormitoEssi avranno dormito per tre oreThey will have slept for three hours

 

Conjugation of irregular verbs in the futuro anteriore

Here are some verbs that form the futuro anteriore in an irregular way. Such verbs have to be studied by heart.

 Dire (to say)Chiedere (to ask)Bere (to drink)Scegliere (to choose) Perdere (to lose)Uccidere (to kill)
Ioavrò dettoavrò chiestoavrò bevutoavrò sceltoavrò persoavrò ucciso
Tuavrai dettoavrai chiestoavrai bevutoavrai sceltoavrai persoavrai ucciso
Egli/Ellaavrà dettoavrà chiestoavrà bevutoavrà sceltoavrà persoavrà ucciso
Noiavremo dettoavremo chiestoavremo bevutoavremo sceltoavremo persoavremo ucciso
Voiavrete dettoavrete chiestoavrete bevutoavrete sceltoavrete persoavrete ucciso
Essi/Esseavranno dettoavranno chiestoavranno bevutoavranno sceltoavranno persoavranno ucciso

 

Auxiliary verbs: essere/avere

The auxiliary verbs essere and avere form the futuro anteriore as follows:

 Essere (to be)Avere (to have)
Iosarò stato/a*avrò avuto
Tusarai stato/a*avrai avuto
Egli/Ellasarà stato/a*avrà avuto
Noisaremo stati/e*avremo avuto
Voisarete stati/e*avrete avuto
Essi/Essesaranno stati/e*avranno avuto

 

*enlightenedRemember that when you use the auxiliary verb essere, the participio passato must agree with the subject in gender and number!

 

Now it's time for you to practise what you've learned. Take a look at our exercises!

 


Exercises

  1. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the futuro anteriore
  2. Choose the correct option between futuro semplice and futuro anteriore to complete the sentences

Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the futuro anteriore


Choose the correct option between futuro semplice and futuro anteriore to complete the sentences


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