• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 22.1 Italian sentence structure (word order) [0/4]
  • 22.2 Structure of complex Italian sentences [0/4]
  • 22.3 Not in Italian (negation, negative sentences) [0/3]
  • 22.4 Italian interrogative sentences (questions) [0/1]
  • 22.5 Italian conditional sentences (if-clauses) [0/1]
  • 22.6 Italian passive sentences [0/1]
  • 22.7 Italian impersonal construction (Si impersonale) [0/1]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • Indefinite adjectives (aggettivi indefiniti) refer to someone or something without specifying any quantity or any quality accurately.

    The meaning of indefinite adjectives in Italian

    Depending on its meaning, an indefinite adjective belongs to one of the following categories:

    • Adjectives expressing an indefinite unit (every, any...)
    • Adjectives expressing an indefinite quantity (a lot, some, a few...)

    Adjectives expressing an indefinite unit (every, any...)

    Italian English
    nessuno

    nobody, none

    alcuno

    nobody, none

    ciascuno

    each

    ogni

    every

    qualunque

    any

    qualsiasi

    any

    certo

    certain, some


    Dovrò consegnare un premio a ciascuno studente.
    I will have to deliver a prize to each student.

    Potresti guarire con qualunque medicina.
    You will heal with any medicine.

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    Adjectives expressing an indefinite quantity (a lot, some, a few...)

    Italian English
    molto

    much, many, very, a lot

    troppo

    too much, too many

    tanto

    much, many, very, a lot

    diversi

    some, many

    parecchio

    much, many, a lot

    poco

    few, little

    tutto

    all, every

    altro

    other, more

    qualche

    some, few

    alcuni

    some, few


    È una ragazza che ha molta pazienza.
    She is a girl with a lot of patience.

    Hai poche possibilità di passare l'esame.
    You don't have many chances to pass the exam.


    Indefinite adjectives form in Italian

    An indefinite adjective can follow the regular declension or have only some forms for gender and number.
    You have to learn them by heart.


    Regular declension

    Some adjectives have masculine, feminine, singular and plural forms.

    Masculine singular Feminine singular Masculine plural Feminine plural
    alcuno alcuna alcuni

    alcune

    altro altra altri

    altre

    diverso diversa diversi

    diverse

    parecchio parecchia parecchi

    parecchie

    molto molta molti

    molte

    poco poca pochi

    poche

    tanto tanta tanti

    tante

    troppo troppa troppi

    troppe

    tutto tutta tutti

    tutte

    certo certa certi

    certe


    Only singular form

    Some adjectives have the singular form only (masculine and feminine).

    Masculine singular Feminine singular
    nessuno

    nessuna

    ciascuno

    ciascuna


    Invariable adjectives

    Some adjectives have one invariable form only.

    Invariable form

    qualunque

    qualsiasi

    qualche

    ogni


    Use of indefinite adjectives in Italian

    Pay attention to some rules to use indefinite adjectives.

    No article

    • In general, indefinite adjectives do not require articles.

    Ho visto parecchi film al cinema.
    I saw a lot of movies at the cinema.

    • Only poco, molto, tanto, troppo accept the article in some cases.

    La poca voglia di alzarsi la mattina è normale.
    It is normal not to want to get up in the morning.


    Before other adjectives

    • If there are other adjectives in the same sentence, the indefinite adjective has to precede them.

    Alcune di queste mie care amiche vanno a scuola insieme.
    Some of these dear friends of mine go to school together.


    Certo e diverso (some/sure, a lot of/different)

    • If certo and diverso precede the noun, they are indefinite.

    Certe persone sono davvero cattive.
    Some people are really bad.

    Ho diversi programmi.
    I have a lot of plans.

    • If they follow the noun, they become qualifying adjectives.

    Ho delle risposte certe.
    I have definite answers.

    Abbiamo programmi diversi.
    We have different plans.


    Altro (different, new, another one...)

    Altro can have several meanings.

    Meaning Italian English
    different Vorrei vivere in un'altra città

    I would like to live in a different city.

    previous  L'altra stagione è stata migliore.

    The last season was better.

    next  Un altr'anno andremo negli U.S.A.

    Next year we will go to the USA.

    new Ho comprato un'altra macchina.

    I bought a new car.

    repetition  Devo ritornare un'altra volta.

    I'll have to come back again.

    addition  Mi occorre altro denaro

    I need more money.

               

    Nessuno (no/any)

    Nessuno always has a negative meaning.

    • If it precedes the verb, no other negation is needed.

    Nessun dubbio ci preoccupa.
    No doubt worries us.

    • If it follows the verb, it always requires a negation.

    Non ho nessun dubbio.
    I have no doubt.


    Molto, poco and tanto (a lot of/many/much/few/little)

    Molto, poco and tanto are the only adjectives (besides the qualifying adjectives) with a comparative and superlative form.

    • molto

    Ho più penne di te / Ho moltissime penne.
    I have more pens than you / I have so many pens.

    • poco

    Ho meno forza di te / Ho pochissima forza.
    I have less strenght than you / I have very little strength.

    • tanto

    Abbiamo visto tantissime marmotte.
    We saw so many groundhogs.


    Alcuno (no/any)

    • In negative sentences, alcuno has the meaning of nessuno.

    Non vi è alcuna (=nessuna) fretta.
    There is no hurry.