In Italian some words (preposizioni improprie) or expressions (locuzioni preposizionali) are used as prepositions even if they can also have other functions according to their position in the sentence.
They are all invariable (unlike articulated prepositions).
The "preposizioni improprie" (improper prepositions) can be formed by adverbs, nouns or conjunction which get the function of a preposition.
Dopo aver cenato, andrò a casa → conjunction
After having dinner, I'll go home
Mangerò dopo → adverb
I'll eat later
Ti chiamerò dopo le vacanze → improper preposition
I'll call you after the holidays
The "locuzioni preposizionali" (prepositional locutions) are groups of prepositions and adverbs, nouns or other prepositions
A causa di questa pioggia non possiamo uscire
Because of this rain we can not go out
In the following table, you can find a list of words and expressions formed by prepositions and other parts of speech.
|a causa di||because of||Gli aerei non partiranno a causa della neve.||The plane will not leave because of the snow.|
|a favore di||in favour of||Tutti hanno votato a favore della legge.||Everybody voted in favour of the law.|
|di fianco a||next to||Christian è seduto di fianco a Marco.||Christian is seated next to Marco.|
|a forza di||by dint of|
A forza di rinviarla, la festa è stata annullata.
|By dint of postpone it, the party was canceled.|
|al di là di/ oltre||beyond||Al di là di quel muro alto c’è un parco meraviglioso.||Beyond that high wall, there is a wonderful park.|
|attraverso||through||Siamo passati attraverso il bosco per raggiungervi||We passed through the wood to reach you.|
|contro (di)||against||Il mobile appoggia contro il muro.|
Tutti erano contro di lui.
|The wardrobe leans against the wall.|
Everybody was against him.
|davanti a||in front of||Ci sono tre persone in coda davanti a me.||There are three people in line in front of me.|
|dentro (di)||inside||Per favore, metti i vestiti dentro l’armadio. |
Porterò sempre il ricordo di questo viaggio dentro di me.
|Put your clothes in the wardrobe please.|
I will always bring the memory of this trip inside me.
|di fronte a||opposite||L’ingresso della metro sta di fronte al Colosseo.||The entrance of the underground is opposite the Colosseum.|
|dietro (di)||behind||In classe, Miguel è seduto dietro Marta.|
Miguel è seduto dietro di lei.
|In the class, Miguel sits behind Marta.|
Miguel sits behind her.
|dopo (di)||after||Ci vediamo dopo la lezione.|
È arrivata in classe dopo di me.
|See you after the lesson.|
She arrived in the class after me.
|eccetto / tranne||except||Sono andati tutti tranne Luigi.||They all went except Luigi.|
|entro||by||Devi partire entro mezzogiorno.||You have to leave by midday.|
|fuori (da)||outside||Ci sono dieci cioccolatini fuori dalla scatola.||There are ten chocolates outside the box.|
|in base a||according to||Parlo in base alla mia esperienza.||I talk according to my experience.|
|in cima a||on the top of||In cima alla montagna vedrete un panorama stupendo.||On the top of the mountain you'll see a wonderful view.|
|in mezzo a||among||Penso ci sia una spia in mezzo a noi.||I think there is a spy among us.|
|insieme a||together with||Miguel arriverà insieme a Marta.||Miguel will arrive together with Marta.|
|intorno a||around||Intorno a Piazza Navona ci sono molti negozi e ristoranti.||Around Piazza Navona there are a lot of shops and restaurants.|
|invece di||instead of||Invece di guardarmi, potresti aiutarmi.||Instead of looking at me, you could help me.|
|lontano da||far from||Abito lontano dal centro.||I live far from the centre.|
|oltre a||besides||Oltre a me, nell’appartamento ci sono due ragazze spagnole.||Besides me, in the flat there are two Spanish girls.|
|per conto di||on behalf of||Sto parlando per conto di Lucia che oggi non poteva venire.||I am speaking on behalf of Lucia who couldn't come today.|
|per mezzo di||by means of||Ho imparato l'italiano per mezzo di questo libro.||I learnt Italian by means of this book.|
|senza (di)||without||Non si può entrare senza la tessera.|
Torna presto: non so stare senza di te!
|You can not enter without the card.|
Come back soon: I can not stay without you!
|sopra (di)||on/ above/ over||Il cane è salito sopra il divano.|
Il cielo sopra di me è pieno di nuvole.
|The dog is on the couch.|
The sky above me is full of clouds.
|sotto (di)||under/ below||Il gatto si è nascosto sotto il divano.|
Sotto di me vedo l'acqua che scorre.
|The cat hid under the couch.|
I saw the acqua which flows below me.
|verso (di)||towards||Stiamo andando verso nord.|
Sta correndo verso di me.
|We are going towards the North.|
He is running towards me.
|vicino a||near||Vicino a casa mia c’è un ottimo ristorante.||Near my house there is an excellent restaurant.|
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