• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 22.1 Italian sentence structure (word order) [0/4]
  • 22.2 Structure of complex Italian sentences [0/4]
  • 22.3 Not in Italian (negation, negative sentences) [0/3]
  • 22.4 Italian interrogative sentences (questions) [0/1]
  • 22.5 Italian conditional sentences (if-clauses) [0/1]
  • 22.6 Italian passive sentences [0/1]
  • 22.7 Italian impersonal construction (Si impersonale) [0/1]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • In Italian some words (preposizioni improprie) or expressions (locuzioni preposizionali) are used as prepositions even if they can also have other functions according to their position in the sentence. 
    They are all invariable (unlike articulated prepositions).

    Preposizioni improprie

    The "preposizioni improprie" (improper prepositions) can be formed by adverbs, nouns or conjunction which get the function of a preposition.

    Dopo aver cenato, andrò a casa → conjunction
    After having dinner, I'll go home
    Mangerò dopo → adverb 
    I'll eat later
    Ti chiamerò dopo le vacanzeimproper preposition 
    I'll call you after the holidays
     

    Locuzioni preposizionali

    The "locuzioni preposizionali" (prepositional locutions) are groups of prepositions and adverbs, nouns or other prepositions

    A causa di questa pioggia non possiamo uscire
    Because of this rain we can not go out

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    List of expressions with Italian prepositions

    In the following table, you can find a list of words and expressions formed by prepositions and other parts of speech.

    Italian English Italian English
    a causa di because of Gli aerei non partiranno a causa della neve The plane will not leave because of the snow
    a favore di in favour of Tutti hanno votato a favore della legge Everybody voted in favour of the law
    di fianco a  next to  Christian è seduto di fianco a Marco Christian is seated next to Marco
    a forza di by dint of

    A forza di rinviarla, la festa è stata annullata

    By dint of postpone it, the party was cancelled
    al di là di/ oltre  beyond Al di là di quel muro alto c’è un parco meraviglioso Beyond that high wall, there is a wonderful park
    attraverso through Siamo passati attraverso il bosco per raggiungervi We passed through the wood to join you
    contro (di) against Il mobile appoggia contro il muro
    Tutti erano contro di lui
    The wardrobe leans against the wall
    Everybody were against him
    davanti a  in front of Ci sono tre persone in coda davanti a me There are three people in line in front of me
    dentro (di) inside Per favore, metti i vestiti dentro l’armadio
    Porterò sempre il ricordo di questo viaggio dentro di me
    Put your clothes in the wardrobe please
    I will always bring the memory of this trip inside me
    di fronte a  opposite L’ingresso della metro sta di fronte al Colosseo The entrance of the underground is opposite the Colosseum
    dietro (di)  behind In classe, Miguel è seduto dietro Marta
    Miguel è seduto dietro di lei
    In the class, Miguel sits behind Marta
    Miguel sits behind her
    dopo (di)  after Ci vediamo dopo la lezione
    È arrivata in classe dopo di me
    See you after the lesson
    She arrived in the class after me
    eccetto / tranne  except Sono andati tutti tranne Luigi They all went except Luigi
    entro by Devi partire entro mezzogiorno  You have to leave by midday
    fuori (da) outside Ci sono dieci cioccolatini fuori dalla scatola There are ten chocolates outside the box
    in base a  according to Parlo in base alla mia esperienza I talk according to my experience
    in cima a on the top of In cima alla montagna vedrete un panorama stupendo On the top of the mountain you'll see a wonderful view
    in mezzo a among Penso ci sia una spia in mezzo a noi I think there is a spy among us
    insieme a together with Miguel arriverà insieme a Marta Miguel will arrive together with Marta
    intorno a around Intorno a Piazza Navona ci sono molti negozi e ristoranti Around Piazza Navona there are a lot of shops and restaurants
    invece di instead of Invece di guardarmi, potresti aiutarmi Instead of looking at me, you could help me 
    lontano da  far from Abito lontano dal centro I live far from the centre
    oltre a besides Oltre a me, nell’appartamento ci sono due ragazze spagnole Besides me, in the flat there are two Spanish girls
    per conto di  on behalf of Sto parlando per conto di Lucia che oggi non poteva venire I am speaking on behalf of Lucia who couldn't come today 
    per mezzo di by means of Ho imparato l'italiano per mezzo di questo libro I learnt Italian by means of this book
    senza (di) without Non si può entrare senza la tessera
    Torna presto: non so stare senza di te!
    You can not enter without the card
    Come back soon: I can not stay without you
    sopra (di)  on/ above/ over Il cane è salito sopra il divano
    Il cielo sopra di me è pieno di nuvole
    The dog is on the couch
    The sky above me is full of clouds
    sotto (di)  under/ below Il gatto si è nascosto sotto il divano
    Sotto di me vedo l'acqua che scorre 
    The cat hid under the couch
    I saw the acqua which flows below me
    verso (di) towards Stiamo andando verso nord
    Sta correndo verso di me
    We are going towards North
    He is running towards me
    vicino a near Vicino a casa mia c’è un ottimo ristorante Nar my house there is an excellent restaurant