• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 22.1 Italian sentence structure (word order) [0/4]
  • 22.2 Structure of complex Italian sentences [0/4]
  • 22.3 Not in Italian (negation, negative sentences) [0/3]
  • 22.4 Italian interrogative sentences (questions) [0/1]
  • 22.5 Italian conditional sentences (if-clauses) [0/1]
  • 22.6 Italian passive sentences [0/1]
  • 22.7 Italian impersonal construction (Si impersonale) [0/1]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • Which are the irregular verbs of the -ere conjugation

    In Italian there are a lot of irregular verbs belonging to the second conjugation (ending in -ere).

    The most used ones are:

    1. piacere (to like);
    2. rimanere (to remain);
    3. sapere (to know);
    4. tenere (to keep);
    5. bere (to drink);
    6. chiudere (to close);
    7. conoscere (to know);
    8. leggere (to read);
    9. mettere (to put);
    10. prendere (to take);
    11. scrivere (to write);
    12. vivere (to live).

    These verbs are irregular because they do not follow any grammatical rule.

    This is why their conjugation has to be studied by heart.

    Characteristics of irregular verbs ending in -ere

    Despite the fact that these verbs are irregular, we could find some common features between them.

    Let's see together some of their behaviors.

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    Verbs that change the root

    As you saw for the first conjugation, also in the second one there are verbs that change their root irregularly.

    Example:

    • Io tolgo (I remove [sth]);
    • Egli toglie (He removes [sth]);
    • Ella tolse (She removed [sth]).

    enlightenedRemember! The root does not change for all the persons in all the tenses. You have to learn the differences by heart.

    Verbs that change the ending

    Moreover, some verbs use to change their endings.

    Example:

    • Mi piace (I like [sth]);
    • Mi piacque (I liked [sth]).

    Verbs with irregular past participle

    Therefore, there are also verbs that change their past participle form:

    Example:

    •  Accendere (to switch on) > acceso (switched on). 

    List of Italian irregular verbs

    Usually, you could understand if a second conjugation verb is irregular from its suffix.

    ​Below you can find a list of some irregular verbs that can be distinguished from their endings.

    Suffix Verbs
    -cere
    • Piacere (to like)
    • Giacere (to lie)
    • Tacere (to be quiet)
    • Crescere (to grow up)
    • Cuocere (to cook)
    • Nascere (to born)
    -gere
    • Dipingere (to paint)
    • Dirigere (to direct)
    • Fingere (to pretend)
    • Giungere (to come)
    • Leggere (to read)
    -gnere
    • Spegnere (to switch off)
    -gliere
    • Cogliere (to pick)
    • Scegliere (to choose)
    • Togliere (to remove)
    -dere
    • Cadere (to fall)
    • Go​dere (to enjoy)
    • Persuadere (to convince)
    • Accendere (to switch on)
    • Chiedere (to ask)
    • Chiudere (to close)
    • Decidere (to decide)
    • Difendere (to defense)
    • Mordere (to bite)

    Next lessons

    1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian A lesson on the Italian irregular verb sapere (to know)
    2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian A lesson on the Italian irregular verb leggere (to read)
    3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian A lesson on the Italian irregular verb mettere (to put)
    4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian A lesson on the conjugation of the Italian verb piacere (to like)
    5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian This is a course about the conjugation of the Italian verb rimanere (to remain).
    6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian This is a course about the conjugation of the Italian verb conoscere (to know).
    7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian This is a course about the conjugation of the irregular verb scrivere (to write) in Italian.
    8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian This is a course about the conjugation of the verb vivere (to live) in Italian.
    9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian A lesson on the Italian irregular verb chiudere (to close, to shut)
    10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian A lesson on the Italian irregular verb prendere (to take, to catch)
    11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian A lesson on the Italian irregular verb bere (to drink)
    12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian This is a course about the conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian.