• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 22.1 Italian sentence structure (word order) [0/4]
  • 22.2 Structure of complex Italian sentences [0/4]
  • 22.3 Not in Italian (negation, negative sentences) [0/3]
  • 22.4 Italian interrogative sentences (questions) [0/1]
  • 22.5 Italian conditional sentences (if-clauses) [0/1]
  • 22.6 Italian passive sentences [0/1]
  • 22.7 Italian impersonal construction (Si impersonale) [0/1]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • Prepositions of place: "a", "da" or "in" 

    Let's revise when we use the prepositions "a", "in" or "da" to indicate a place in Italian.

    Use of "a"

    "A" is placed before:

    • proper nouns of cities
      Vivo a Napoli → I live in Naples
      Vado a Napoli → I go to Naples
    • the following nouns (look at the different use of the article in some cases):
    Italian English
    a casa (at) home
    a letto in / to bed
    a teatro at / to the theatre
    a scuola at / to school
    al cinema at / to the cinema
    al parco at / in the park
    al mare at / to the seaside
    al lago at / to the lake
    al porto at / to the harbour
    al supermercato at / to the supermarket
    al mercato at / to the market
    al bar at / to the café
    al ristorante at / to the restaurant
    alla stazione at / to the station
    alla posta at / in / to the post office
    all'aeroporto at / to the airport
    all'estero abroad


    Sono a scuola
    I am at school
    Vado a scuola
    I go to school

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    Use of "in"

    "In" is placed before:

    • proper nouns of countries, regions, big islands
    • the following nouns (look at the different use of the article in some cases):
    Italian English
    in casa (at) home
    in / nel (in+il) salotto in / to the living room
    in / nella (in+la) cucina in / to the kitchen
    in / nel (in+il) giardino in / to the garden
    in / nel (in+il) cortile in / to the courtyard
    in / nel (in+il) bagno in / to the bathroom
    in / nella (in+la) camera in / to the bedroom
    in / nel (in+il)centro  in / to the centre
    in / nella (in+la) città  in / to the city
    in / nel (in+il) paese in / to the village
    in / nella (in+la) piazza in / to the square
    in / nel (in+il) negozio at / to the shop
    in / nella (in+la) banca in / to the bank 
    in / nella (in+la) fabbrica at / in / to the factory
    in / nella (in+la) strada in / to the street 
    in / nell' (in + l') ufficio in / to the office
    in / nella (in+la) chiesa in / to the church
    in / nel (in+il) ospedale at / in / to the hospital
    in / nell' (in+l')albergo in / to the hotel
    in montagna in / to the mountains
    in campagna in / to the countryside
    in / nella (in+la) pizzeria at / to the pizzeria
    in / nella (in+la) discoteca at / to the disco
    in / nella (in+la) biblioteca in / to the library
    in / nella (in+la) gelateria at / to the ice-cream shop
    nel (in+il) parco in the park
    nel (in+il) castello in the castle

     

    enlightenedWhen there are two options we usually use:
          → in to speak about the place in general​
          → nel/nello/nella [...] (in+definite article)
     are used to talk about the place in a more specific way (see Italian articulated prepositions)
    However this rule doesn't always work and you can learn the use of these expressions by practising the language only.


    Use of "da"

    "Da" is placed before

    • nouns of places concerning someone's job

    Sono dal dentista
    I am at the dentist
    Vado dal dentista 
    I go to the dentist

    • nouns referring to a starting point in space or the origin of something

    Arriverò da Perugia con il treno 
    I'll arrive from Perugia by train

    enlightenedAs you can see from the examples, Italian prepositions don't distinguish between direction and location in space.
           However, when we want to express a movement from a place, we always use da.

    Preposition of time: "di", "a", "da", "in", "tra/fra"

    Let's revise when we use the prepositions "di" "a",  "da", "in" or "tra/fra" to express time in Italian.


    Use of "di"

    "Di" is placed before parts of the day

    Noi andiamo al cinema di pomeriggio
    We go to the cinema in the afternoon


    Use of "a"

    "A" is placed before months, hour and age

    A novembre piove spesso
    It often rains in November
    Alle (a+le) cinque di solito bevo il té
    At five o'clock I usually drink the tea
    A tredici anni è difficile decidere per il proprio futuro
    At thirteen it is difficilt to decide for your own future


    Use of "da"

    "Da" is placed before a starting point in time

    Lavoro qui dal 1990
    I've been working here since 1990
    Luigi abita qui da tre mesi
    Luigi has been living here for three months


    Use of "in"

    "In" is placed before years and season

    Nel (in+il) 2018 la nostra società è ancora molto instabile
    In 2018 our society is still very unstable
    In estate andremo al mare
    In (the) summer (summertime) we'll go to the seaside


    Use of "tra/fra"

    "Tra" and "Fra" are placed before an expression of time and indicate an interval of time

    Tra due anni sarò laureato
    I'll be graduated in two years