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Interrogative pronouns (pronomi interrogativi) introduce a direct, indirect or rhetorical question.
|Singular Masculine||Singular Feminine||Plural Masculine||Plural Feminine||English|
|Quanto||Quanta||Quanti||Quante||How much/how many/how long|
These pronouns could also be exclamatory by simply using an exclamation mark instead of a question mark at the end of the sentence.
Chi introduces a question about somebody's identity and it's invariable.
|Chi è quell'uomo seduto accanto a Maria?||Who is that man sitting next to Maria?|
|Chi è Pavarotti?||Who is Pavarotti?|
|Chi viene con me al cinema?||Who wants to come with me to the cinema?|
Che, che cosa and cosa introduce a question about things.
|Che cosa si intende per DNA?||What do we mean by DNA?|
Che ti ha detto Giovanna?
|What did Giovanna tell you?|
|Cosa ci serve per andare in montagna?||What do we need to go to the mountains?|
Quale, Qual and the plural version Quali introduce questions about quality.
Qual often precedes the third singular person of To be, "è".
Remember! Never mark the interrogative pronoun Qual with an apostrophe.
Take a look at the following examples.
|Mi scusi, può dirmi quale sarà la prossima fermata?||Sorry, could you tell me which is the next stop?|
|Qual è la casa dove abitavi da piccolo?||Which is the house you used to live when you were a child?|
|Quali sono le mele più buone?||Which ones are the best apples?|
Quanto introduces questions about quantity.
Unlike the interrogative pronoun Qual, Quant' takes an apostrophe.
|Quant'è il risultato?||What's the final result?|
|Quant'è il tuo punteggio?||What's your final score?|
|Quant'era lunga la fila?||How long was the line?|
Quanto is not always the exact translation of how much/how many: it could also correspond to Come, an interrogative adverb.
|Quanto è alta la Torre di Pisa?||How tall is the Tower of Pisa?|
|Vorrei sapere quanto ci vuole.||I would like to know how long it takes.|
|Quanti ne hai presi?||How many of those did you take?|
|Related grammar topics||Description|
It's easy to confuse adjectives and pronouns. Remember that adjectives add a feature to the noun they refer to, whereas pronouns replace another element of the sentence.
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