• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 22.1 Italian sentence structure (word order) [0/4]
  • 22.2 Structure of complex Italian sentences [0/4]
  • 22.3 Not in Italian (negation, negative sentences) [0/3]
  • 22.4 Italian interrogative sentences (questions) [0/1]
  • 22.5 Italian conditional sentences (if-clauses) [0/1]
  • 22.6 Italian passive sentences [0/1]
  • 22.7 Italian impersonal construction (Si impersonale) [0/1]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • Prepositions (preposizioni) link a word or a clause to another one (for example a noun to a verb) giving coherence and cohesion to the sentence.

    Italian prepositions can be:

    • proper, divided into simple and articulated
    • improper

    Proper prepositions 

    Simple prepositions

    Simple prepositions (preposizioni semplici) are the nine basic prepositions in Italian. They are always mentioned in the following order:

    Italian English
    di  of
    from
    at
    to
    da  by
    from
    in  in
    to
    con  with 
    su  on
    over
    per  for
    to
    tra / fra between
    among

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    Sentences with "di"

    La finestra di questo ufficio è rotta
    The window of this office is broken

    Oggi abbiamo conosciuto la ragazza di Valencia
    Today we met the girl from Valencia

    Sentences with "a"

    Sono stato a festa noiosa
    I was at a boring party

    Il mio collega va a Genova
    My colleague goes to Genua

    Sentences with "da"

    Da ora in poi non comprerò più carne
    From now on I will not buy meat anymore

    Quella casa è stata costruita da un muratore tre anni fa 
    That house was built by a bricklayer three years ago 

    Sentences with "in"

    In questo momento non so cosa fare
    In this moment I don't know what to do

    Abito in Piemonte da quando sono nata
    I live in Piedmont since when I was born

    Sentences with "with"

    Ho comprato questa casa con il mio fidanzato
    I bought this house with my boyfriend

    Bevo il té con il limone
    I drink tea with lemon

    Sentences with " su"

    Il vaso è su un tavolo
    The vase is on a table

    Somewhere over the rainbow birds fly
    Da qualche parte sopra l'arcobalen volano gli uccelli

    Sentences with "per"

    Questa camicia è per mio padre
    This shirt is for my father

    Guardo film in inglese per impararlo meglio
    I watch movies in english to learn it better

    Sentences with "tra/fra"

    Tra il computer e la bottiglia c'è il libro
    Between the laptop and the bottle there is a book

    Molti amici fra quelli che avete conosciuto, sono francesi
    Several friends, among those you met, are French


    Articulated prepositions 

    Articulated prepositions (preposizioni articolate) are simple prepositions joined with definite articles. 

    + il lo la i gli le
    di del dello della dei degli delle
    a al allo alla ai agli alle
    da dal dallo dalla dai dagli dalle
    in nel nello nella nei negli nelle
    con col / / coi / /
    su sul sullo sulla sui sugli sulle
    per / / / / / /
    tra/fra / / / / / /


    As you can see from the table, not each simple preposition has all the six forms, while per and tra/fra have no articulated forms at all.


    Sentences with articulated prepositions

    Stare nel traffico della città è stressante
    Staying in the traffic is stressful

    Questo è il treno delle cinque
    This is five o'clock train

    I muri della mia casa sono bianchi
    The walls of my house are white
     

    Improper prepositions 

    "Improper prepositions" (preposizioni improprie) are words that can be used both with function of preposition or other parts of speech (adverbs, nouns,..).
    Their function depends on the context. 
    When we have some expressions formed by more words we talk about "prepositional locutions" (locuzioni preposizionali).

    Look at the following table with the most used improper prepositions and their meaning.

    Italian English
    attraverso  through, across
    contro (di) against
    davanti a in front of
    dietro  behind
    di fronte a in front of
    dopo (di) after
    entro by
    fuori (di) outside of, out of
    intorno a around
    prima (di) before
    verso  towards

     

    Sentences with improper prepositions

    Molti miei colleghi sono contro le mie idee
    A lot of my colleagues are against my ideas

    Devo essere all'aeroporto entro le due
    I
    have to be at the airport by two o'clock

    Intorno a questa casa c'è un bel giardino
    Around this house there is a beautiful garden

    Next lessons

    1 Italian simple prepositions A lesson about Italian simple prepositions
    2 Italian articulated prepositions A lesson on Italian articulated prepositions
    3 Expressions with Italian prepositions Learn some Italian expressions and words that can be use as prepositions