Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...)
Possessive adjectives (aggettivi possessivi) indicate possession of one or more elements by any subject or object in speech.
Declension of possessive adjectives in Italian
Possessive adjectives are six and follow the regular declension of adjectives. The only invariable pronoun is loro (their).
|Masculine singular||Feminine singular||Masculine plural||Feminine plural||English|
Third person possessive adjectives (singular and plural)
- suo / sua / suoi / sue are used when the possessor is only one
Andrea mi ha invitato alla sua festa di compleanno.
Andrea invited me to his birthday's party.
In Italian, the distinction between a masculine and feminine possessor doesn't show in third person possessive adjective:
La sua macchina → His car / Her car ?
You can understand the gender of the possessor only from the context.
- loro is used when the possessors are two or more
Claudio e Donatella ci hanno dato la loro auto.
Claudio and Donatella gave us their car.
when the subject and the possessor are the same person, we can use the adjective proprio instead of suo/loro
Simona ci tiene molto alla propria casa.
Simona cares a lot about her own house.
Use of possessive adjectives in Italian
Possessive adjectives precede the noun and follow the definite or indefinite article.
|Un mio amico||A friend of mine|
|La mia famiglia||My family|
|Il nostro dovere||Our duty|
|Il loro cane||Their dog|
Articles are sometimes omitted with family members.
|Mio papà lavora in fabbrica.||My dad works in a factory.|
|Quella penna è di mia zia Angela.||That pen belongs to my aunt Angela.|
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