• Italian grammar
  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)Free
  • Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 22.1 Italian sentence structure (word order) [0/4]
  • 22.2 Structure of complex Italian sentences [0/4]
  • 22.3 Not in Italian (negation, negative sentences) [0/3]
  • 22.4 Italian interrogative sentences (questions) [0/1]
  • 22.5 Italian conditional sentences (if-clauses) [0/1]
  • 22.6 Italian passive sentences [0/1]
  • 22.7 Italian impersonal construction (Si impersonale) [0/1]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • Indefinite pronouns (pronomi indefiniti) indicate elements in a non-specific way.

    Italian indefinite pronouns chart

    Sing. Masculine Sing. Feminine Plur. Masculine Plur. Feminine English
    Uno Una / / One
    Alcuno Alcuna Alcuni Alcune Some/none
    Ciascuno Ciascuna / / Each/Each one
    Qualcosa / / / Something/anything
    Qualcuno Qualcuna Qualcuni Qualcune Some/Somebody
    / / Entrambi Entrambe Both
    Tutto Tutta Tutti Tutte Everything
    Ognuno Ognuna / / Each one
    Chiunque / / / Anybody/whoever
    Poco Poca Pochi Poche Few/little
    Tanto Tanta Tanti Tante Much/Many
    Troppo Troppa Troppi Troppe Too much/too many
    Molto Molta Molti Molte Much/many/a lot
    Parecchio Parecchia Parecchi Parecchie Quite/rather a lot, plenty
    Nessuno Nessuna / / No one/none/nothing
    Niente/Nulla / / / Nothing



    One, everybody, somebody, anybody, nobody, each one in Italian

    Demonstrative pronoun Translation
    Uno/una One
    Ognuno/Ognuna/Tutti Everybody
    Ciascuno Each one
    Ognuno Each one
    Nessuno Nobody
    Qualcuno Somebody
    Chiunque Anybody


    Uno, una, ognuno, ognuna, ciascuno, ciascuna, qualcuno, qualcuna, nessuno, nessuna have a feminine and masculine variation.
    Tutti (plural masculine) has all forms of declension, singular/plural, masculine/feminine.
    Chiunque is invariable.


    Take a look at the following sentences.

    Italian English
    Quando il professore distribuiva i fogli non sapeva di doverne dare due a ciascuno. When the professor was handing out the papers, he didn't know that he had to give two to each student.
    È un segreto che sai solo tu quindi sei pregato di non dirlo a nessun altro. It is a secret that only you know, so please don't tell anyone.
    Questa penna deve essere di qualcuno. This pen must be of somebody.


    Uno, nessuno and qualcuno lose the last vowel in front of the word Altro (another/else).
    Example: Nessun altro mi ha chiamato. (Nobody else called me)

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    Something, nothing in Italian

    Italian English
    Qualcosa Something
    Niente/nulla Nothing


    Let's analize the following sentences.

    Italian English
    Quella scatola può contenere anche qualcosa di bello. That box can also contain something beautiful.
    Io non so nulla su questo argomento. I don't know anything about this topic.
    Qualunque sia la tua scelta finale, io non voglio saperne niente. Whatever will be your final choice, I don't want to know anything about it.


    Qualcosa and nulla lose their vowel if followed by the word Altro (Another/else).

    Example: Raccontami qualcos'altro. (Tell me something else.)


    A little, many/much, too many/too much, some, none, a lot in Italian

    Italian English
    Alcuno Alcuna None
    Alcuni Alcune Some
    Poco A little/a few
    Tanto Many, much
    Molto A lot, much
    Troppo Too many/too much
    Parecchio A lot


    Poco, Tanto, Molto, Troppo, Parecchio have all forms of declension, singular/plural, masculine/feminine.

    enlightened Be careful not to confuse Alcuno, Alcuna in the singular form, that translate as none, with Alcuni, Alcune in plural that translate as some.


    Take a look at the following sentences.

    Italian English
    Non avere troppa fretta, ormai manca poco. Don't be in such an hurry, it's almost time.
    Mi piace il cioccolato, ma penso di averne mangiato troppo. I like chocolate, but I think I had way too much.
    Mio padre colleziona francobolli, ma ancora non ne ha molti. My dad collects postmarks, but he doesn't have many of them yet.


    As much as (tanto quanto)

    The expression tanto quanto means as much as. 

    Example: Voglio bene a mio padre tanto quanto ne voglio a mia madre. (I love my father as much as I love my mother.)

    Tanto vs molto

    Tanto and molto have almost the same meaning. They are mostly used in the same contexts but we can't use molto instead of tanto when expressing a consequence.

    Example: There were so many that I couldn't make a decision.

    • CORRECT: Ce n'erano così tante che non ho saputo scegliere.
    • WRONG: Ce n'erano così molte che non ho saputo scegliere.


    All, everything, everyone in Italian

    Tutto and its forms can be also followed by numbers, separated by the conjunction e.
    In this case, it indicates the total amount of things or people as a whole.

    Italian English
    Non sapevo in quale negozio entrare, così sono passata da tutti. I didn't know which shop to enter, so I passed by them all.
    Tutti e tre i miei fratelli abitano a Milano. All of my 3 brothers live in Milan.
    Tutti i bambini sono usciti dalla classe. All the children got out of the classroom.


    Exception: nobody and nothing

    Nessuno (nobody) and niente/nulla (nothing) belong to the group of negative indefinite pronouns, and have different usages compared to English
    They could, indeed, appear both in affirmative and negative constructions.

    If these pronouns follow the verb, they are accompanied by the negation non (not), placed before the verb.

    Italian English
    Mia mamma mi ha detto che in forno non c'è niente adesso. My mom told me that there is nothing in the oven right now.

    Nessuno mi piace.

    I don't like anybody.
    Non è nulla di che. It's nothing serious.