• Italian grammar
  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)
  • Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • Past conditional (condizionale passato) in Italian

    The conditional past tense or conditional perfect tense in Italian is called condizionale passato. It is the past tense of the conditional mood.

    Definition and usage of the condizionale passato

    The condizionale passato is used to:

    1. make suggestions and give advice
    2. express doubts
    3. express an impossible desire or wish (condizionale ottativo)
    4. report something you are not sure about (condizionale di dissociazione)
    5. express hypothesis in the hypothetical period (periodo ipotetico dell'irrealtà)
      Example Translation
    Suggestions and advice
    • Credo che avresti dovuto studiare di più
    • Penso che avrebbero dovuto scrivere una lettera per scusarsi
    • I think you should have studied more
    • I think they should have written a letter to apologise
    • Non so cosa avrei potuto dire in quella situazione
    • Cosa avrei dovuto fare?
    • I don't know what I could have said in that situation
    • What should have I done?
    Condizionale ottativo
    • Avrei voluto salutarla prima che partisse
    • Da grande avrei voluto fare l'attore
    • I would have liked to say goodbye to her before she left
    • I would have liked to be an actor
    Condizionale di dissociazione
    • Secondo alcune fonti ci sarebbe stata un'altra esplosione
    • L'allenatore sarebbe stato licenziato a causa della sua condotta
    • According to some sources there would have been another explosion
    • The coach would have been fired due to his behaviour
    Periodo ipotetico dell'irrealtà
    • Se fossi partita prima, Luca sarebbe venuto a prendermi
    • Se ci fossimo allenati di più avremmo vinto la gara
    • If I had left earlier, Luca would have come to pick me up
    • If we had trained harder, we would have won the race


    enlightenedThe condizionale passato can be used both in main clauses and in subordinate clauses.
    E.g. Lorenzo avrebbe voluto un bicchiere d'acqua (Lorenzo would have liked a glass of water)
    Penso che avresti dovuto salutarla (I think you should have said hello to her)


    Conjugation of the condizionale passato

    The condizionale passato if formed by:

    Condizionale presente of the auxiliary verb + past participle (participio passato) of the main verb

    Conjugation of regular verbs

    Here you can find out how regular verbs form the condizionale passato.

    Verbs that belong to the -are conjugation

    These verbs form the condizionale passato as follows:

    Example amare (to love)

      Condizionale presente auxiliary verb Participio passato main verb Example Translation
    Io avrei amato Io avrei amato questo film I would have loved this film
    Tu avresti amato Tu avresti amato questo film You would have loved this film
    Egli/Ella avrebbe amato Egli avrebbe amato questo film He would have loved this film
    Noi avremmo amato Noi avremmo amato questo film We would have loved this film
    Voi avreste amato Voi avreste amato questo film You would have loved this film
    Essi/Esse avrebbero amato Essi avrebbero amato questo film They would have loved this film


    Verbs that belong to the -ere conjugation

    Such verbs form the condizionale passato as follows:

    Example temere (to fear)

      Condizionale presente auxiliary verb Participio passato main verb Example Translation
    Io avrei temuto Io avrei temuto di entrare nella casa stregata I would have feared to enter the haunted house
    Tu avresti temuto Tu avresti temuto di entrare nella casa stregata You would have feared to enter the haunted house
    Egli/Ella avrebbe temuto Egli avrebbe temuto di entrare nella casa stregata He would have feared to enter the haunted house
    Noi avremmo temuto Noi avremmo temuto di entrare nella casa stregata We would have feared to enter the haunted house
    Voi avreste temuto Voi avreste temuto di entrare nella casa stregata You would have feared to enter the haunted house
    Essi/Esse avrebbero temuto Essi avrebbero temuto di entrare nella casa stregata They would have feared to enter the haunted house


    Verbs that belong to the -ire conjugation

    These verbs form the condiizonale passato as follows:

    Example dormire (to sleep)

      Condizionale presente auxiliary verb Participio passato main verb Example Translation
    Io avrei dormito Io avrei dormito fino all'ora di pranzo I would have slept until lunchtime
    Tu avresti dormito Tu avresti dormito fino all'ora di pranzo You would have slept until lunchtime
    Egli/Ella avrebbe dormito Egli avrebbe dormito fino all'ora di pranzo He would have slept until lunchtime
    Noi avremmo dormito Noi avremmo dormito fino all'ora di pranzo We would have slept until lunchtime
    Voi avreste dormito Voi avreste dormito fino all'ora di pranzo You would have slept until lunchtime
    Essi/Esse avrebbero dormito Essi avrebbero dormito fino all'ora di pranzo They would have slept until lunchtime


    Conjugation of irregular verbs

    Here you can find a list of the main irregular verbs in the condizionale passato.

      Leggere (to read) Scrivere (to write) Scegliere (to choose) Dire (to say) Fare (to do/make) Decidere (to decide)
    Io avrei letto avrei scritto avrei scelto avrei detto avrei fatto avrei deciso
    Tu avresti letto avresti scritto avresti scelto avresti detto avresti fatto avresti deciso
    Egli/Ella avrebbe letto avrebbe scritto avrebbe scelto avrebbe detto avrebbe fatto avrebbe deciso
    Noi avremmo letto avremmo scritto avremmo scelto avremmo detto avremmo fatto avremmo deciso
    Voi avreste letto avreste scritto avreste scelto avreste detto avreste fatto avreste deciso
    Essi/Esse avrebbero letto avrebbero scritto avrebbero scelto avrebbero detto avrebbero fatto avrebbero deciso


    Auxiliary verbs: esserre/avere

    Here is the conjugation for the auxiliary verbs essere and avere.

      Essere (to be) Avere (to have)
    Io sarei stato/a* avrei avuto
    Tu saresti stato/a* avresti avuto
    Egli/Ella sarebbe stato/a* avrebbe avuto
    Noi saremmo stati/e* avremmo avuto
    Voi sareste stati/e* avreste avuto
    Essi/Esse sarebbero stati/e* avrebbero avuto


    *enlightenedRemember that when you use the auxiliary verb essere, the past participle must agree with the subject in genser and number!



    • Marco avrebbe avuto due cani se avesse avuto una casa più grande (Marco would have had two dogs if he had had a bigger house)
    • Ginevra, Giorgio e Caterina sarebbero stati in Giappone se non ci fosse stato il terremoto (Ginevra, Giorgio and Caterina would have been in Japan if there hadn't been an earthquake)

    Now it's time you test what you've learned on the condizionale passato with our exercises!



    Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the condizionale passato

    Spot the verbs in the condizionale passato