The noun (nome, sostantivo) is the part of the speech indicating any abstract or concrete element.
Nouns are always declinable in gender and number.
The article has to agree in gender and number with the noun it refers to.
According to gender, we can identify four categories
|Gender and ending||Italian||English|
|masculine in - o||l'albero|
|masculine in - e|
|feminine in - a||la scarpa|
|feminine in - e||la stampante|
Italian nouns always have a gender (even animals and things)
This distinction is useful to recognize the gender of Italian nouns
il nonno (maschile)
the grandfather (masculine)
il giornale (maschile)
the newspaper (masculine)
|-o||-a||nonno → nonna|
grandfather → grandmother
|-e||-a||parrucchiere → parrucchiera|
male hairdresser → female hairdresser
A lot of nouns form their feminine form (or the masculine one) in an irregular way
|Two different words||fratello → sorella|
brother → sister
|Same form + different article||l(o)' artista →l(a)'artista|
male artist → female artist
|Same form + same article||(il) coniglio|
|Same root + different suffix||studente → studentessa|
male student → female student
|Two different meanings||(il) caso → (la) casa|
fate → house
la ragazza → le ragazze
the girl → the girls
|-e||-i||il parrucchiere → i parrucchieri|
the hairdresser → the hairdressers
la crisi → le crisi
|the crisis → the crises|
|-o||-i||il tavolo → i tavoli|
the table → the tables
|-u||-u||lo gnu → gli gnu|
the gnu → the gnus
|-io||-i, -ii||l'orologio → gli orologi|
the clock → the clocks
Some nouns form their plural in an irregular way
|Gender changes||Il braccio → Le braccia|
The arm → The arms
|Different endings||Il bue → I buoi|
The ox → The oxen
|invariable nouns||La verità → Le verità|
The truth → The truths
|Defective nouns||Il cemento|
|Individual and collective nouns||Il gregge → Le greggi|
|Countable and uncountable nouns||Dammi il burro|
→ Dammi tre panetti di burro.
Give me the butter
|The front / The line|
The fronts / The lines
In Italian we can use suffixes to add new meanings to the original word.
We can distinguish between four different classes of altered nouns:
|Terms of endearment||orsacchiotto|
little ugly monster
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See you online!
Dear Pip, thank you very much for your words. I'm so glad you're enjoying our classes together and I'm happy you can feel your improvements :-) keep it!
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Thank you so much for the feedback, Pedro! It's a pleasure to work with you and help you achieve your goal.
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Thanks, I'm sure you will improve a lot! :-)