• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 22.1 Italian sentence structure (word order) [0/4]
  • 22.2 Structure of complex Italian sentences [0/4]
  • 22.3 Not in Italian (negation, negative sentences) [0/3]
  • 22.4 Italian interrogative sentences (questions) [0/1]
  • 22.5 Italian conditional sentences (if-clauses) [0/1]
  • 22.6 Italian passive sentences [0/1]
  • 22.7 Italian impersonal construction (Si impersonale) [0/1]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • The modo imperativo (imperative mood) is one of the finite moods of the Italian grammar.

    Definition and usage of the imperative 

    The imperativo is used with verbs expressing commands, orders, indications, advice and when a person tells another one what to do.
    In its negative form the imperativo refers to a prohibition, thus meaning that something is forbidden.

    Examples:

    • Dammi quella penna (Give me that pen)
    • Non andare nella foresta perchè potrebbe essere pericoloso (Do not go into the woods because it could be dangerous)

    This mood can only be found in main clauses.

    Conjugation of the Italian imperative (imperativo presente)

    It is the only mood which possesses only one tense: the present.

    The imperative can only be found in the 2nd person singular (tu) and 2nd person plural (voi).

    For all the other persons it is necessary to use the present tense of the subjunctive mood.

    enlightenedThe first person singular (io) of this tense does not exist!

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    Conjugation of regular verbs in the imperativo

    Regular verbs are conjugated as follows:

    Verbs that belong to the -are conjugation

     Example parlare (to speak)

      Root Ending Example Translation
    Io / / / /
    Tu parl a Parla con loro Talk to them
    Egli/Ella parl i Parli con loro Talk to them
    Noi parl iamo Parliamo con loro Let's talk to them
    Voi parl ate Parlate con loro Talk to them
    Essi/Esse parl ino Parlino con loro Talk to them

     

    Verbs that belong to the -ere conjugation

    Example credere (to believe)

      Root Ending Example Translation
    Io / / / /
    Tu cred i Credici Believe in it
    Egli/Ella cred a Ci creda Believe in it
    Noi cred iamo Crediamoci Let's believe in it
    Voi cred ete Credeteci Believe in it
    Essi/Esse cred ano Ci credano Believe in it

     

    Verbs that belong to the -ire conjugation

    Example dormire (to sleep)

      Root Ending Example Translation
    Io / / / /
    Tu dorm i Adesso dormi Sleep now
    Egli/Ella dorm a Dorma adesso Sleep now
    Noi dorm iamo Adesso dormiamo  Let's sleep now
    Voi dorm ite Adesso dormite  Sleep now
    Essi/Esse dorm ano Dormano adesso Sleep now

     

    Conjugation of irregular verbs in the imperativo

    Irregular verbs have to be studied by heart because they do not follow any grammatical rules.
    Here you can find a table with the conjugation of the main irregular verbs in the imperativo:

      Sapere (to know) Andare (to go) Dire (to say) Fare (to do/make) Dare (to give) Stare (to stay)
    Io / / / / / /
    Tu sappi va' (vai)*

    di'

    fa' (fai)* da' (dai)* sta' (stai)*
    Egli/Ella sappia vada dica faccia dia stia
    Noi sappiamo andiamo diciamo facciamo diamo stiamo
    Voi sappiate andate dite fate date state
    Essi/Esse sappiano vadano dicano facciano diano stiano

     

    *enlightenedThe verbs stare, fare, andare and dare have two possible forms in the second person singular. Both these forms are correct.
    Example: Vai a casa! (Go home)
    Va' a casa! (Go home)

    Auxiliary verbs: essere/avere

    The auxiliary verbs essere and avere form the imperativo in an irregular way. Therefore, their conjugation has to be studied by heart.

      Essere (to be) Avere (to have)
    Io / /
    Tu sii abbi
    Egli/Ella sia abbia
    Noi siamo abbiamo
    Voi siate abbiate
    Essi/Esse siano abbiano

     

    Formation of the negative imperative in Italian

    The negative form of the imperative (imperativo negativo italiano) is formed quite easily:

    1) For the second person singular (tu) it is necessary to add the negation non before the verb in the infinitive.

    • Non mangiare quella torta (Do not eat that cake)
    • Non andare in montagna che potrebbe essere pericoloso (Do not go to the mountains because it could be dangerous)

    2) For all the other persons, it is necessary to add the negation non to the verb in the imperative or in the subjunctive.

    • Non dite sciocchezze (Do not say stupid things) - imperative
    • Non faccia così che se no sarà tutto più difficile (Do not behave like this, otherwise everything will be more difficult) - subjunctive

    Formation of the Italian formal imperative

    In order to express a command or a request in a more polite way, it is possible to use certain sayings and expressions. These expressions are:

    Expression Translation
    Per favore/per piacere Please
    Se non ti/le/vi dispiace If you don't mind
    Ti/la/vi prego... I beg/ask you to...

    These expressions can be found either before or after the verb:

    Example: Apri la porta, per favore (Open the door, please)
    Ti dispiace aprire* la porta? (Do you mind opening the door?)

    *enlightenedRemember that when the polite expression comes before the verb, the verb is used in the infinitive form.

    Usage of the Italian imperative with pronouns

    The position of the pronouns depends on a series of characteristics of the imperative verb:

    1. Informal affirmative imperative: the pronoun follows the imperative verb and they join to form one word
    2. Informal negative imperative: the pronoun can either precede or follow the imperative verb. In the first case they remain two separate words, while in the second case they form one word
    3. Formal affirmative imperative: the pronoun always precedes the imperative verb
    4. Formal negative imperative: the pronoun always precedes the imperative verb
      Examples Translation
    Informal affirmative imperative
    • Giovanni, alzati immediatimente!
    • Ho cucinato la pasta: mangiatela!
    • Giovanni, stand up immediately!
    • I cooked pasta: eat it!
    Informal negative imperative
    • Non farlo!* / Non lo fare!
    • Non parlatemi! / Non mi parlate!
    • Don't do it!
    • Don't talk to me!
    Formal affirmative imperative
    • Prego, si sieda
    • Ecco la torta: i signori si servano pure
    • Please, have a seat
    • Here is the cake: please, serve yourselves
    Formal negative imperative
    • Non lo dica nemmeno per scherzo
    • Signore e signori, questo film è brutto: non lo guardino, per favore
    • Please, do not say it, not even if you're joking
    • Ladies and gentlemen, this film is terrible: do not watch it, please

     

    *enlightenedKeep in mind that in this case the second person singular loses the final e of the infinitive form.
    Example: Non mangiare (Don't eat)
    Non mangiarlo (Don't eat it)

     

    Now don't forget to check out our exercises on the Italian imperative tense to practise your knowledge!