The Italian verbs essere and avere are the two auxiliary verbs of the Italian language.
Essere means "to be", while avere means "to have".
Auxiliary verbs are so called because they are used together with the main verb to create compound tenses and the active and passive voices.
The main verb provides lexical information while the auxiliary verb provides grammatical information.
Furthermore, both auxiliary verbs have a lexical meaning so they can be both predicative or copulative verbs.
Both essere and avere have an irregular conjugation.
In this page we will focus on the auxiliary verb avere (to have).
The verb avere in Italian is used to express an action or to express possession.
The avere verb in Italian is also used to form the compound tenses with:
The verb to have in Italian (avere) belongs to the 2nd conjugation but its conjugation is irregular.
The verb avere has an irregular conjugation that has to be studied by heart.
Here is the conjugation of avere for the indicative tenses:
Here is the conjugation of avere for the subjunctive tenses:
Here is the conjugation of avere for the conditional tenses:
Here is the conjugation of avere for the imperative mood:
Remember that in Italian the pronoun is either omitted or it goes after the verb in the imperative mood.
E.g. Abbi (tu) un po' di pazienza (Have a little patience).
Abbiate (voi) cura di voi stessi (Take care of yourselves)
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