• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • Conjugation of avere (to have) in Italian

    The Italian verbs essere and avere are the two auxiliary verbs of the Italian language.
    Essere means "to be", while avere means "to have".

    Usage of auxiliary verbs

    Auxiliary verbs are so called because they are used together with the main verb to create compound tenses and the active and passive voices.
    The main verb provides lexical information while the auxiliary verb provides grammatical information.
    Furthermore, both auxiliary verbs have a lexical meaning so they can be both predicative or copulative verbs.

    Both essere and avere have an irregular conjugation.

    In this page we will focus on the auxiliary verb avere (to have).

    Usage and function of avere 

    The verb avere in Italian is used to express an action or to express possession.

    The avere verb in Italian is also used to form the compound tenses with:

    1. All transitive verbs in the active voice
    2. Some intransitive verbs such as camminare (to walk), lavorare (to work), squillare (to ring) that require the auxiliary verb avere

    Examples:

    • Io ho una casa molto grande (I have a very big house) - possession
    • La settimana scorsa ho avuto tre giorni di vacanza (Last week I had three days off) - compound tense

    The verb to have in Italian (avere) belongs to the 2nd conjugation but its conjugation is irregular.

    Conjugation of avere

    The verb avere has an irregular conjugation that has to be studied by heart.

    Indicativo

    Here is the conjugation of avere for the indicative tenses:

    Presente

      Avere
    Io ho
    Tu hai
    Egli/Ella ha
    Noi abbiamo
    Voi avete
    Essi/Esse hanno

     

    Passato prossimo

      Avere
    Io ho avuto
    Tu hai avuto
    Egli/Ella ha avuto
    Noi abbiamo avuto
    Voi avete avuto
    Essi/Esse hanno avuto

     

    Imperfetto

      Avere
    Io avevo
    Tu avevi
    Egli/Ella aveva
    Noi avevamo
    Voi avevate
    Essi/Esse avevano

     

    Trapassato prossimo

      Avere
    Io avevo avuto
    Tu avevi avuto
    Egli/Ella aveva avuto
    Noi avevamo avuto
    Voi avevate avuto
    Essi/Esse avevano avuto

     

    Passato remoto

      Avere
    Io ebbi
    Tu avesti
    Egli/Ella ebbe
    Noi avemmo
    Voi aveste
    Essi/Esse ebbero

     

    Trapassato remoto

      Avere
    Io abbi avuto
    Tu avesti avuto
    Egli/Ella ebbe avuto
    Noi avemmo avuto
    Voi aveste avuto
    Essi/Esse ebbero avuto

     

    Futuro semplice

      Avere
    Io avrò
    Tu avrai
    Egli/Ella avrà
    Noi avremo
    Voi avrete
    Essi/Esse avranno

     

    Futuro anteriore

      Avere
    Io avrò avuto
    Tu avrai avuto
    Egli/Ella avrà avuto
    Noi avremo avuto
    Voi avrete avuto
    Essi/Esse avranno avuto

     

    Congiuntivo

    Here is the conjugation of avere for the subjunctive tenses:

    Presente

      Avere
    Io abbia
    Tu abbia
    Egli/Ella abbia
    Noi abbiamo
    Voi abbiate
    Essi/Esse abbiano

     

    Passato

      Avere
    Io abbia avuto
    Tu abbia avuto
    Egli/Ella abbia avuto
    Noi abbiamo avuto
    Voi abbiate avuto
    Essi/Esse abbiano avuto

     

    Imperfetto

      Avere
    Io avessi
    Tu avessi
    Egli/Ella avesse
    Noi avessimo
    Voi aveste
    Essi/Esse avessero

     

    Trapassato

      Avere
    Io avessi avuto
    Tu avessi avuto
    Egli/Ella avesse avuto
    Noi avessimo avuto
    Voi aveste avuto
    Essi/Esse avessero avuto

     

    Condizionale

    Here is the conjugation of avere for the conditional tenses:

    Presente

      Avere
    Io avrei
    Tu avresti
    Egli/Ella avrebbe
    Noi avremmo
    Voi avreste
    Essi/Esse avrebbero

     

    Passato

      Avere
    Io avrei avuto
    Tu avresti avuto
    Egli/Ella avrebbe avuto
    Noi avremmo avuto
    Voi avreste avuto
    Essi/Esse avrebbero avuto

     

    Imperativo

    Here is the conjugation of avere for the imperative mood:

      Avere
    Io /
    Tu abbi 
    Egli/Ella abbia
    Noi abbiamo
    Voi abbiate
    Essi/Esse abbiano

     

    enlightenedRemember that in Italian the pronoun is either omitted or it goes after the verb in the imperative mood.
    E.g. Abbi (tu) un po' di pazienza (Have a little patience).
    Abbiate (voi) cura di voi stessi (Take care of yourselves)

     

    Infinito

    Presente Passato
    Avere Avere avuto

     

    Participio

    Presente Passato
    Avente Avuto

     

    Gerundio

    Presente Passato
    Avendo Avendo avuto

     

    Exercises

    Fill in the blanks with the correct form of avere

    Fill in the blanks with the correct form of avere