Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that)
Demonstrative adjectives (aggettivi dimostrativi) are used to refer to an element whose entity and properties are precisely known.
There are two types of demonstrative adjectives:
- demonstrative adjectives indicating closeness (equivalents of English "this");
- demonstrative adjectives indicating remoteness (equivalents of English "that").
Declension of demonstrative adjectives in Italian
The adjective has to agree in gender and number with the noun it precedes.
1. Adjectives indicating closeness:
2. Adjectives indicating remoteness:
|singular||quel / quello*||quella||
|plural||quei / quegli*||quelle||
*Quel and quei are used when the noun that follows begins with a consonant (as the article il).
Quello and quegli are used when the noun that follows begins with −s or −z (as the article lo)
quel ragazzo / quei ragazzi
that boy / those boys
quello scienzato / quegli scienzati
that scientist / those scientists
Use of demonstrative adjectives in Italian
- If there is a demonstrative adjective in the sentence, qualifying adjectives are placed after the noun.
- If there is a demonstrative adjective in the sentence, possessive adjectives are placed between the demonstrative and the noun.
|Vuoi comprare questi stivali rossi?||
Would you like to buy these red boots?
|Questo mio libro è molto interessante.||
This book of mine is very interesting.
- When they precede a noun starting with a vowel, all demonstrative singular forms drop their vowel endings, replacing them with an apostrophe
quest' occhio / quell' occhio
this eye / that eye
quest' idea / quell' idea
this idea / that idea
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