Demonstrative adjectives (aggettivi dimostrativi) are used to refer to an element whose entity and properties are precisely known.
There are two types of demonstrative adjectives:
The adjective has to agree in gender and number with the noun it precedes.
1. Adjectives indicating closeness:
2. Adjectives indicating remoteness:
|singular||quel / quello*||quella||
|plural||quei / quegli*||quelle||
*Quel and quei are used when the noun that follows begins with a consonant (as the article il).
Quello and quegli are used when the noun that follows begins with −s or −z (as the article lo)
quel ragazzo / quei ragazzi
that boy / those boys
quello scienziato / quegli scienziati
that scientist / those scientists
|Vuoi comprare questi stivali rossi?||
Would you like to buy these red boots?
|Questo mio libro è molto interessante.||
This book of mine is very interesting.
quest' occhio / quell' occhio
this eye / that eye
quest' idea / quell' idea
this idea / that idea
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