• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...)

    The preposition in (in) has different translations in Italian.

    Meanings of In

    Location in a space or in time

    When in indicates location in a space or in time, it translates as in.

    Italian English
    Ci sono delle monete in tasca There are some coins in your pocket
    In primavera tutto diventa colorato In spring everything becomes colourful

     

    enlightenedBe careful! With the espression "in + season", the Italian language doesn't use the article (unless we speak about a specific season followed by an year)
                              In estateIn / In the summer
           It's the other way around with years: 
                              Nel (in + il) 2010 → In 2010       (see Italian articulated preposition)


    With some public places, in translates as at.

    Italian English
    Siamo ancora in farmacia We are still at the pharmacy
    Si vedranno in aeroporto They will meet each other at the airport

     

    enlightenedBe careful! In this case, Italian language don't use the article (unlike English)


    Direction (countries, regions and big islands)

    When in expresses a direction, it translates as to.

    Italian English
    Molti Italiani sono andati in America Many Italians went to America
    Vogliono andare in Sicilia They want to go to Sicily


    Motion within a space

    When in introduces a motion within a space, it translates as in.

    Italian English
    Passeggiano in piazza They stroll in the square
    I bambini giocano in giardino The kids are playing in the garden


    Transports

    When in expresses means of transport, it usually translates as by.

    Italian English
    In aereo By plane
    In treno By train
    In macchina By car
    In pullman By bus
    In bici By bike

     

    enlightenedBe careful! By foot → A piedi


    Materials 

    When in indicates a material or an ingredient, it doesn't translate and it is not included in the English sentence.
    In Italian the noun or the adjective indicating the material or the ingredient follows the preposition whereas in English it precedes the noun it refer to.

    Italian English
    Strutture in acciaio Steel structures
    Sculture in bronzo Bronze sculptures


    Abilities and languages

    When in introduces an ability or a language, it translates is in.

    Italian English 
    Quel medico è specializzato in cardiologia That doctor is specialized in cardiology
    Vuoi che ti parli in Spagnolo, in Italiano o in Francese?  Do you want me to talk to you in Spanish, Italian or French?

     

    Typical expressions

    Italian English
    in affitto for rent
    in alto high, up
    in altre parole in other words
    in arrivo incoming
    in aumento on the increase
    in bianco e nero in black and white
    in bocca al lupo break a leg
    in cambio in exchange
    in campagna in the country
    in caso contrario  otherwise
    in caso di bisogno / necessità if necessary
    in che senso? in which sense?
    in chiesa in church
    in città in the city
    in confronto a / with compared with
    in corso underway
    in disordine chaotic, untidy, messy
    in gamba capable, smart 
    in grado di able to, in a position to
    in montagna in the mountains
    in nessun caso under no circumstances
    in nessun luogo / posto nowhere
    in ogni luogo everywhere
    in orario on time
    in ordine neat
    in pericolo in danger
    in piazza in the town square
    in piedi standing up
    in piena notte in the middle of the night
    in qualche luogo / posto somewhere
    in qualsiasi luogo / posto anywhere
    in quanto a as concerns, as for
    in realtà in reality, in fact
    essere in rosso to be in the red
    in rovine  in ruins
    in tutto il mondo  all over the world
    essere in un mare di guai to be in a lot of trouble
    essere/trovarsi in un vicolo cieco to be in a dead end
    in virtù di by virtue of

     

    Exercises

    Translation of the Italian preposition "in" - Fill in the blanks