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Verbs (verbi) are the core of each possible sentence in speech, as they express whatever action is being carried out and whatever is being talked about in the phrase.
The Italian language is very rich in term of varieties of verbs, embedded with a large number of many different moods and tenses.
Mastering them mught be quite a challenging experience - nevertheless, it is definitely worth the effort.
For any English speaker willing to get familiar with the verbs in the Italian language, it is paramount to learn two very important aspects:
If you are confused, please have a look at the following table for a more practical explanation:
|1st sing.||I run||corro|
|2nd sing.||you run||corri|
|3rd sing.||he runs||corre|
|1st plur.||we run||corriamo|
|2nd plur.||you run||correte|
|3rd plur.||they run||corrono|
As you may notice, whereas all declensed form of "run" are equal to the infinitive form of the verb (except for the 3rd person singular), in Italian it is different for each person.
Therefore, even if it is not wrong to say io corro, tu corri, lui corre (and so on), it is possible to omit the pronoun since the verb itself implies who is performing the action!
It is fundamental to be able to recognize the two main elements of an Italian verb - that is, the radice (lit. "root") and desinenza ("ending").
In the above mentioned verb corriamo ("we run"), the radice is corr- and the desinenza is -iamo. Now, for a bit of explanation:
So essentially, learning how to conjugate verbs in Italian is a matter of learning how desinenze work with each different kind of tenses.
All the Italian verb conjugations may be subdivided in several different categories.
The main category is called modo ("mood"), expressing the way the action described by the verb is carried out.
Each modo has one or more tempo ("tense") which expresses the timeframe of the verb (be it present, past or future).
There are over twenty different tenses in the Italian language, shared among several different moods. In the next few lessons, you shall have a look to each one of them singularly.
One last paragraph to introduce the verb conjugation in Italian.
There are three different ways to conjugate verbs in Italian, with each verb belonging to one class according to the desinenza of their present infinitive form.
Each one of these classes of verbs conjugates in its own way.
Have a look at some examples of conjugations (present tense) for each one of those classes:
|parlare (I)||ridere (II)||dormire (III)|
All the desinenze marked in bold show the differences induced by each class of conjugation.
As you progress through more complex tenses, you will find out that these differences grow much bigger along the way.
Before you start learning the Italian verbs thoroughly, we suggest you try out the first (audio) exercise on the Italian verb conjugations!
|1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs||Course on the different functions and the classification of Italian verbs|
|2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian||A lesson on the transitive and intransitive verbs of the Italian language|
|3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian||A lesson on the Italian verbs' active and passive voices.|
|4 Italian regular verbs||An introduction to the regular verbs in Italian|
|5 Italian irregular verbs||A lesson about the irregular verbs in Italian|
|6 Italian modal verbs||An introduction to the Italian modal verbs|
|7 Italian reflexive verbs||A lesson on the Italian reflexive verbs|
|8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian||A lesson on the verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian|
|9 Verbi difettivi in Italian||A lesson on the verbi difettivi of the Italian language|
|10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian||A lesson on the verbi fraseologici in Italian|
|11 Verbi impersonali in Italian||A lesson on the verbi impersonali in Italian|
|12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian||This is a course about the auxiliary verbs in Italian (essere, avere).|
|13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian||A lesson about the prepositions that follows Italian verbs.|
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