• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • Active voice and passive voice in Italian

    Some type of verbs in Italian can present both an active and a passive voice (voce passiva and voce attiva).

    These verbs are in particular the transitive ones (that is, verbs which always require a subject and at least an object).

    Active in Italian

    The active form of the transitive verbs presents the following structure:

    • Subject + Verb + Object.

    The main function of the active voice is to point out who is acting and which is the direct object of the verb.

    enlightenedRemember! The verbs with the active voice have the auxiliary avere (to have) for the compound tenses.

     

    Example of the active voice

     

    Simple tense: present indicative

    Luigi mangia la pera. (Luigi eats the pear)

    Compound tense: present perfect indicative Luigi ha mangiato la pera. (Luigi ate the pear)

     

    Passive in Italian

    The Italian passive voice (voce passiva) aims to focus on the action conveyed by the verb and neither on the subject nor on the object.

    Usually, the structure of the passive voice follows the same rules:

    • the subject of the active sentence becomes the agent of the passive one;
    • the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive one.

     

    Example of the passive voice

     
    Simple tense: present indicative La pera è mangiata da Luigi. (The pear is eaten by Luigi)
    Compound tense: present perfect indicative La pera è stata mangiata da Luigi. (The pear has been eaten by Luigi)

     

    Conjugation of the passive voices

    The passive voice, instead, conjugates verbs using:

    • the verb essere + the past participle of the specific verb in simple tenses;
    • the compound form of essere (essere stato) + the past participle of the specific verb for the compound tenses.

    enlightenedRemember! In the passive form, the past participle both of the verb (for the simple tenses) and of essere (for the compound tenses) has to follow the agreement with the subject of the sentence for number and gender.

    Below, you will find the conjugation tables for the verb vedere (to see).

    Indicative mood

     
      Present Present Perfect Imperfect Past Perfect Absolute Past Preterite Perfect Future Simple Future Perfect
    Io sono visto sono stato visto ero visto ero stato visto fui visto fui stato visto sarò visto sarò stato visto
    Tu sei visto sei stato visto eri visto eri stato visto fosti visto fosti stato visto sarai visto sarai stato visto
    Egli / ella è visto è stato visto era visto era stato visto fu visto fu stato visto sarà visto sarà stato visto
    Noi siamo visti siamo stati visti eravamo visti eravamo stati visti fummo visti fummo stati visti saremo visti saremo stati visti
    Voi siete visti siete stati visti eravate visti eravate stati visti foste visti foste stati visti sarete visti sarete stati visti
    Essi / esse sono visti sono stati visti erano visti erano stati visti furono visti furono stati visti saranno visti saranno stati visti

     

    Subjunctive mood

     
      Present Past Imperfect Present Perfect
    (Che) io sia visto sia stato visto fossi visto fossi stato visto
    (Che) tu sia visto sia stato visto fossi visto fossi stato visto
    (Che) egli / ella sia visto sia stato visto fosse visto fosse stato visto
    (Che) noi siamo visti siamo stati visti fossimo visti fossimo stati visti
    (Che) voi siate visti siate stati visti foste visti foste stati visti
    (Che) essi / esse siano visti siano stati visti fossero visti fossero stati visti

     

    Conditional mood

     
      Present Past
    Io sarei visto sarei stato visto
    Tu saresti visto saresti stato visto
    Egli / ella sarebbe visto sarebbe stato visto
    Noi saremmo visti saremmo stati visti
    Voi sareste visti sareste stati visti
    Essi / esse sarebbero visti sarebbero stati visti

     

    Infinitive mood

     
    Present Past
    Essere visto Essere stato visto

     

    Imperative mood

      Present
    Io  -
    Tu sii visto
    Egli / ella sia visto
    Noi siamo visti
    Voi siate visti
    Essi / esse siano visti

     

    Participle mood

    Present Past
    - visto

     

    Gerund mood

    Present Past
    Essendo visto Essendo stato visto

     

    Exercises

    Fill in the blanks with the correct passive form of the following simple tenses in Italian

    Fill in the blanks with the correct passive form of the following compound tenses in Italian