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Italian adjectives

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The adjective provides information about nouns.

una giacca rossa
a red jacket
i bambini inglesi
English children

Agreement of adjectives

In Italian, every adjective changes its form to agree with the gender and the number of the noun it refers to.










There are some exceptions:

  • Adjectives ending in -e

  • Adjectives ending in -a

  • Adjectives ending in -tore

  • Adjectives with roots ending in -c or -g

  • Invariable adjectives

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Italian adjective list

The Italian language distinguishes the following adjectives:

  • Qualifying adjectives
  • Possessive adjectives
  • Demonstrative adjectives
  • Indefinite adjectives
  • Numeral adjectives
  • Interrogative adjectives

Qualifying adjectives

In Italian, qualifying adjectives can precede of follow the noun

before the nounattributiveHo trascorso una fantastica giornata con teI spent a wonderful day with you
after the nounpredicativeQuello è un posto sicuroThat is a safe place

Some qualifying adjectives have different meanings depending on their position

un buon amicoa real friendun amico buono

a kind friend

diverse personeseveral peoplepersone diverse

different people

Comparative and superlative adjectives

Qualifying adjectives have comparative and superlative forms. They are used to make comparisons between two terms.






Comparative of majoritypiù simpatico


Comparative of minority

meno simpatico

less nice
Comparative of equality

simpatico come

nice as
Relative superlative

il più simpatico

the nicest
Absolute superlativesimpaticissimo

very nice

Let's analize the following example

 Qualifying adjectiveComparative of majorityComparative of minorityComparative of equalityRelative superlativeAbsolute superlative
ItalianFederico è intelligenteFederico è più intelligente di Luca Federico è meno intelligente di GiovanniFederico è intelligente come MatteoFederico è il più intelligente della classe

Federico è intelligentissimo

EnglishFederico is cleverFederico is more clever than LucaFederico is less clever than GiovanniFederico is as clever as MatteoFederico is the most clever in the class

Federico is very clever

Possessive adjectives

Possessive adjectives indicate possession of one or more elements by any subject or object in speech.













Take a look at the following examples

La mia giacca è sul tavolo.
My jacket is on the table.

La vostra camera è disordinata.
Your room is untidy.

Demonstrative adjectives

Demonstrative adjectives are used to refer to an element whose entity and properties are precisely known.









Let's see some examples

Questo biglietto del treno è caro.
This train ticket is expensive.

Quelli scarpe sono molto belle.
Those shoes are really nice.

Indefinite adjectives

Indefinite adjectives refer to someone or something without specifying any quantity or any quality accurately.


nobody, none


nobody, none










certain, some


much, many, very, a lot


too much, too many


much, many, very, a lot


some, many


much, many, a lot


few, little


all, every


other, more


some, few


some, few

Take a look at the following examples

Qualche speranza c'è ancora
There is still some hope.

Ogni studente deve studiare
Every student has to study.

Numeral adjectives

Numbers can be used as adjectives to modify a noun.

Cardinaluno, due, tre...

one, two, three

Ordinalil primo, il secondo, il terzo...

the first, the second, the third

Let's see some examples

Ci sono due caramelle nella scatola.
There are two sweets in the box.

Oggi è il quarto giorno della settimana.
Today is the fourth day of the week.

Interrogative adjectives

Interrogative adjectives introduce a question or a doubt.


what ...?




how much / how many / how long?

Take a look at the following examples.

Quale bottiglia devo prendere?
What bottle do I have to take?

Quanto tempo è passato?
How long has it been?

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Next lessons

1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) Unlike English, Italian adjectives have always to agree with the noun
2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian Qualifying adjectives in Italian can precede or follow the noun
3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) Possessive adjectives in Italian don't have the distinction between the third person possessor
4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) Demonstrative adjectives in Italian can indicate closeness or remoteness
5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) Indefinite adjectives in Italian can have several meanings and uses
6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) Numeral adjectives, as number, can be cardinal or ordinal
7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) Interrogative adjectives in Italian are only three
8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z) Qualifying adjectives are used to describe someone/somebody. Here are the most important examples.