Italian indefinite articles (un, uno, una)
Italian indefinite articles chart (a/an)
Italian indefinite articles (Gli articoli indeterminativi) are used to indicate:
- an element mentioned for the first time
- something mentioned as unit of a class or a group.
Uno psicologo (A psychologist)
|Una psicologa (A psychologist)|
|Un computer (A computer)||Un'emozione (An emotion)|
The plural form of indefinite articles doesn't exist: partitive articles are used instead.
Masculine indefinite articles (uno, un)
The article depends on the initial letter of the word it refers to:
|Uno||+ gn, sp, st, ps, pn, z, x, y, s + consonant|
|Un||+ all other consonant and vowels|
|Uno studio||A study|
|Uno psicologo||A psychologist|
|Uno gnomo||A gnome|
|Un universo||A universe|
|Un gatto||A cat|
|Un uomo||A man|
Feminine indefinite articles (una, un')
The articles varies basing on the initial letter of the word it precedes:
|Una||+ any consonant|
|Un'||+ any vowel|
|Una macchina||A car|
|Una zia||An aunt|
|Una porta||A door|
|Un'amica||A girl friend|
Difference between Italian indefinite articles Un and Un'
It's important to keep in mind the difference between un and un'.
|UN||masculine indefinite article - without apostrophe||+ any vowel|
|UN'||feminine indefinite article - with apostrophe||+ any vowel|
|Un (masculine)||Un' (feminine)|
|Un insegnante (a male teacher)||Un'insegnante (a female teacher)|
|Un artista (a male artist)||Un'artista (a female artist)|
The apostrophe never precedes masculine nouns.
Italian indefinite articles in time expressions (once, ago, ...)
Indefinite articles could also be used to form some useful time expressions.
|Un'ora fa||One hour ago|
|Un giorno||Some day|
|C'era una volta||Once upon a time|
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