The reflexive verbs (verbi riflessivi) are used to express actions that "reflect" their effect on the speaker. That is, the subject and the object of the verbs are the same.
Usually, the object is expressed by the pronominal particle.
|Io||Mi (myself)||Io mi lavo. (I wash myself)|
|Tu||Ti (yourself)||Tu ti lavi. (You wash yourself)|
Egli / ella
Essi / esse
Egli si lava. (He/she washes himself/herself)
Essi si lavano. (They wash themselves)
|Noi||Ci (ourselves)||Noi ci laviamo. (We wash ourselves)|
|Voi||Vi (yourselves)||Voi vi lavate. (You wash yourselves)|
Careful! As you can see, the third person both singular and plural use the same pronoun (si).
Reflexive verbs are very common in Italian, yet they represent a small category among all the verbs.
They can be easily distinguished by the clitic pronoun si added to their infinitive forms, without the final -e.
Below you can find a chart that shows this process.
|amare||amarsi||to love > to love oneself|
|lavare||lavarsi||to wash > to wash oneself|
|vestire||vestirsi||to wear > to get dressed|
The following is a short list of some of the most common reflexive verbs in Italian.
|Infinitive reflexive form||Translation|
|abbronzarsi||to get tanned, to sunbath|
|addormentarsi||to fall asleep|
|alzarsi||to get up, to stand up|
|annoiarsi||to get bored|
|arrabbiarsi||to get angry/mad|
|chiedersi||to wonder, to ask oneself|
|divertirsi||to enjoy oneself|
|farsi il bagno||to have a bath|
|farsi la doccia||to have a shower|
|farsi male||to hurt oneself|
|fidanzarsi||to get engaged|
|mettersi||to put oneself into smth., to wear smth.|
|nascondersi||to hide oneself|
|perdersi||to lose oneself, to get lost|
|preoccuparsi||to get worried about smth.|
|prepararsi||to prepare oneself to/for smth.|
|ricordarsi||to remember, to remind oneself|
|sdraiarsi||to lie down|
|sedersi||to get seated|
|sposarsi||to get married|
|svegliarsi||to wake up|
|tagliarsi||to cut oneself|
|trovarsi||to be located, to find oneself somewhere|
|truccarsi||to put on make-up|
Conjugation of reflexive verbs proceeds just as any other that of any Italian verb would.
The big difference is - in each conjugation, the appropriate direct subject pronoun is added before any verbal voice.
Here follows the conjugation in all tenses of a simple reflexive verb, lavarsi (to wash oneself).
|Present||Present Perfect||Imperfect||Absolute Past||Preterite Perfect||Future Simple||Future Perfect|
|Io||mi lavo||mi sono lavato||mi lavavo||mi lavai||mi fui lavato||mi laverò||mi sarò lavato|
|Tu||ti lavi||ti sei lavato||ti lavavi||ti lavasti||ti fosti lavato||ti laverai||ti sarai lavato|
|Egli / ella||si lava||si è lavato||si lavava||si lavò||si fu lavato||si laverà||si sarà lavato|
|Noi||ci laviamo||ci siamo lavati||ci lavavamo||ci lavammo||ci fummo lavati||ci laveremo||ci saremo lavati|
|Voi||vi lavate||vi siete lavati||vi lavavate||vi lavaste||vi foste lavati||vi laverete||vi sarete lavati|
|Essi / esse||si lavano||si sono lavati||si lavavano||si lavarono||si fossero lavati||si laveranno||si saranno lavati|
|(Che) io||mi lavi||mi lavassi||mi sia lavato||mi fossi lavato|
|(Che) tu||ti lavi||ti lavassi||ti sia lavato||ti fossi lavato|
|(Che) egli / ella||si lavi||si lavasse||si sia lavato||si fosse lavato|
|(Che) noi||ci laviamo||ci lavassimo||ci siamo lavati||ci fossimo lavati|
|(Che) voi||vi laviate||vi lavaste||vi siate lavati||vi foste lavati|
|(Che) essi / esse||si lavino||si lavassero||si siano lavati||si fossero lavati|
|Io||mi laverei||mi sarei lavato|
|Tu||ti laveresti||ti saresti lavato|
|Egli / ella||si laverebbe||si sarebbe lavato|
|Noi||ci laveremmo||ci saremmo lavati|
|Voi||vi lavereste||vi sareste lavati|
|Essi / esse||si laverebbero||si sarebbero lavati|
|Egli / ella||Si lavi|
|Essi / esse||Si lavino|
|Lavantesi / lavantisi||Lavatosi / lavatasi / lavatisi / lavatesi|
|Lavandosi / lavandomi / lavandoti / lavandoci / lavandovi||Essendosi / essendomi / essendoti / essendosi / essendovi lavato/a - essendosi lavati/e|
4.9/5 from 2 reviews
I'm a certified Italian teacher based in my hometown Florence. I spent my childhood in a small village in the Chianti countryside and I always... loved to explore curious aspects of different languages. I studied Arabic, English, French and Spanish and I like to help students with practical insights into Italian language to better fix the structures and improve pronunciation, grammar and conversation. After my studies (master degree in teaching Italian as a second language + CEDILS certificate - teaching Italian to foreign students), I taught in different contexts and countries (IIC of Beirut, private schools in Prague, companies in Malta and Florence and to many many private students!). I try each time to adapt to every student's needs, with mainly one goal: making every student enthusiastic about the learning process and more and more confident. I use a communicative approach and I can offer classes of Italian languages, cinema, culture, gestures, focuses on grammar, conversation, etc. A presto! Olivia Read more
Me as a Teacher I am a Serbian native speaker and a language teacher. I have been teaching online for 5 years. I live in Belgrade. I've been... teaching online for 5 years (officially). I love teaching because it's a dynamic and an interesting job. You can teach your students and you can learn from them as well. The happiness and joy of the student + their progresses with their target language = my biggest prize (so my students are the ones who motivate me to work better)and I try to combine: a bit of reading, a bit of writing, a bit of conversation, a bit of grammar and a bit of listening by using different resources. About Me My favorite topics are: 1. Travelling , 2. Foreign languages, 3. TV programs, 4. Films and TV series, 5. Culture, 6. sport, 7. IT, 8. Science My hobbies are: learning foreign languages, horse- riding, reading, travelling, ... I am open-minded, flexible and very positive. If you come up with something interesting to talk about, please, don't hesitate to suggest me and I'll gladly discuss with you about that. I visited: Montenegro, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Slovakia and Slovenia. My Lessons & Teaching Style Firstly, I test the level of the target language... I have two parts: 1) Conversational part (here I check their vocabulary and their fluency + I find out their language goals and their needs) 2) Writing part (with that I focus much more on grammar and spelling) For each part, I take notes (I have my notebook for that). Secondly, I personalize my lessons to their goals and needs. I can cover a lot of topics: business, travelling, culture, etc. My Teaching Material Text Documents Audio Recordings Images and Visuals Video News Articles and Magazines Quizzes Example Test Templates Graphs and Charts Homework Assignments PowerPoint Presentations Read more
Hello! My name is Deborah! I am a language instructor. I teach Italian, English and Bulgarian. I have more than 10 years teaching... experience, both face-to-face and online to individual as well as to small and large groups. At the moment I am teaching Italian in a private school in Sofia, Bulgaria- where I lived for more than 10 years. I teach English to students ready to move to English speaking countries for work, and to students who need Еnglish for their career. I also prepare students for exams (KET, PET, FCE, CAE, CPE), and I offer language courses for communication and travelling purposes. I attended the College (tourism) in Lucca-Italy. I have a diploma in Secretarial and Business Administration from the South Kensington and Chelsea Collage in London- (I lived in London few years ago). I have a TEFL certificate -grade A. and an ECL certificate in Bulgarian C1 with 96/100. Therefore, I have a good knowledge of how languages work and I can provide my students with helpful insight. Teaching is my passion, and I am constantly in search for new methods to help my students to get through the challenges and the difficults when learning a new language. I am an enthusiastic, dedicated and adaptable teacher. I always use the communicative method in my teaching and I try to make my students feel comfortable by creating a funny and relaxed environment. I hope to see you soon in one of my classes! Read more