• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • Italian reflexive verbs

    The reflexive verbs (verbi riflessivi) are used to express actions that "reflect" their effect on the speaker. That is, the subject and the object of the verbs are the same.

    Usually, the object is expressed by the pronominal particle.

    Persons Particle Example
    Io Mi (myself) Io mi lavo. (I wash myself)
    Tu Ti (yourself) Tu ti lavi. (You wash yourself)

    Egli / ella

    Essi / esse

    Si (himself/herself/themselves)

    Egli si lava. (He/she washes himself/herself)

    Essi si lavano. (They wash themselves)

    Noi Ci (ourselves) Noi ci laviamo. (We wash ourselves)
    Voi Vi (yourselves) Voi vi lavate. (You wash yourselves)

     

    enlightened Careful! As you can see, the third person both singular and plural use the same pronoun (si).

     

    How to form reflexive verbs in Italian

    Reflexive verbs are very common in Italian, yet they represent a small category among all the verbs.

    They can be easily distinguished by the clitic pronoun si added to their infinitive forms, without the final -e.

    Below you can find a chart that shows this process.

    Active Reflexive Translation
    amare amarsi to love > to love oneself
    lavare lavarsi to wash > to wash oneself 
    vestire vestirsi to wear > to get dressed


    List of reflexive verbs in Italian

    The following is a short list of some of the most common reflexive verbs in Italian.

    Infinitive reflexive form Translation
    abbronzarsi to get tanned, to sunbath
    addormentarsi to fall asleep
    alzarsi to get up, to stand up
    annoiarsi to get bored
    arrabbiarsi to get angry/mad
    chiedersi to wonder, to ask oneself
    divertirsi to enjoy oneself
    farsi il bagno to have a bath
    farsi la doccia to have a shower
    farsi male to hurt oneself
    fidanzarsi to get engaged
    lamentarsi to complain
    mettersi to put oneself into smth., to wear smth.
    nascondersi to hide oneself
    perdersi to lose oneself, to get lost
    preoccuparsi to get worried about smth.
    prepararsi to prepare oneself to/for smth.
    ricordarsi to remember, to remind oneself
    riposarsi to rest
    sbrigarsi to hurry
    sdraiarsi to lie down
    sedersi to get seated
    sposarsi to get married
    svegliarsi to wake up
    tagliarsi to cut oneself
    trovarsi to be located, to find oneself somewhere
    truccarsi to put on make-up


    Conjugation of reflexive verbs in Italian

    Conjugation of reflexive verbs proceeds just as any other that of any Italian verb would.

    The big difference is - in each conjugation, the appropriate direct subject pronoun is added before any verbal voice. 

    Here follows the conjugation in all tenses of a simple reflexive verb, lavarsi (to wash oneself).

    Indicative

      Present Present Perfect Imperfect Absolute Past Preterite Perfect Future Simple Future Perfect
    Io mi lavo mi sono lavato mi lavavo mi lavai mi fui lavato mi laverò mi sarò lavato
    Tu ti lavi ti sei lavato ti lavavi ti lavasti ti fosti lavato ti laverai ti sarai lavato
    Egli / ella si lava si è lavato si lavava si lavò si fu lavato si laverà si sarà lavato
    Noi ci laviamo ci siamo lavati ci lavavamo ci lavammo ci fummo lavati ci laveremo ci saremo lavati
    Voi vi lavate vi siete lavati vi lavavate vi lavaste vi foste lavati vi laverete vi sarete lavati
    Essi / esse si lavano si sono lavati si lavavano si lavarono si fossero lavati si laveranno si saranno lavati

     

    Subjunctive

      Present Imperfect Past Past perfect
    (Che) io mi lavi mi lavassi mi sia lavato mi fossi lavato
    (Che) tu ti lavi ti lavassi ti sia lavato ti fossi lavato
    (Che) egli / ella si lavi si lavasse si sia lavato si fosse lavato
    (Che) noi ci laviamo ci lavassimo ci siamo lavati ci fossimo lavati
    (Che) voi vi laviate vi lavaste vi siate lavati vi foste lavati
    (Che) essi / esse si lavino si lavassero si siano lavati si fossero lavati


    Conditional

      Present  Past
    Io mi laverei mi sarei lavato
    Tu ti laveresti ti saresti lavato
    Egli / ella si laverebbe si sarebbe lavato
    Noi ci laveremmo ci saremmo lavati
    Voi vi lavereste vi sareste lavati
    Essi / esse si laverebbero si sarebbero lavati

    Infinitive

    Present Past
    Lavarsi Essersi lavato

    Imperative

      Present
    Io  -
    Tu Lavati
    Egli / ella Si lavi
    Noi Laviamoci
    Voi Lavatevi
    Essi / esse Si lavino

    Participle

    Present Past
    Lavantesi / lavantisi Lavatosi / lavatasi / lavatisi / lavatesi

    Gerund

    Present Past
    Lavandosi / lavandomi / lavandoti / lavandoci / lavandovi Essendosi / essendomi / essendoti / essendosi / essendovi lavato/a - essendosi lavati/e

     

    Exercises

    Fill in the blanks with the correct reflexive form of the following Italian verbs

    Choose the correct reflexive form for the following verbs