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Italian reflexive verbs

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The reflexive verbs (verbi riflessivi) are used to express actions that "reflect" their effect on the speaker. That is, the subject and the object of the verbs are the same.

Usually, the object is expressed by the pronominal particle.

IoMi (myself)Io mi lavo. (I wash myself)
TuTi (yourself)Tu ti lavi. (You wash yourself)

Egli / ella

Essi / esse

Si (himself/herself/themselves)

Egli si lava. (He/she washes himself/herself)

Essi si lavano. (They wash themselves)

NoiCi (ourselves)Noi ci laviamo. (We wash ourselves)
VoiVi (yourselves)Voi vi lavate. (You wash yourselves)


enlightened Careful! As you can see, the third person both singular and plural use the same pronoun (si).


How to form reflexive verbs in Italian

Reflexive verbs are very common in Italian, yet they represent a small category among all the verbs.

They can be easily distinguished by the clitic pronoun si added to their infinitive forms, without the final -e.

Below you can find a chart that shows this process.

amareamarsito love > to love oneself
lavarelavarsito wash > to wash oneself 
vestirevestirsito wear > to get dressed

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List of reflexive verbs in Italian

The following is a short list of some of the most common reflexive verbs in Italian.

Infinitive reflexive formTranslation
abbronzarsito get tanned, to sunbath
addormentarsito fall asleep
alzarsito get up, to stand up
annoiarsito get bored
arrabbiarsito get angry/mad
chiedersito wonder, to ask oneself
divertirsito enjoy oneself
farsi il bagnoto have a bath
farsi la docciato have a shower
farsi maleto hurt oneself
fidanzarsito get engaged
lamentarsito complain
mettersito put oneself into smth., to wear smth.
nascondersito hide oneself
perdersito lose oneself, to get lost
preoccuparsito get worried about smth.
prepararsito prepare oneself to/for smth.
ricordarsito remember, to remind oneself
riposarsito rest
sbrigarsito hurry
sdraiarsito lie down
sedersito get seated
sposarsito get married
svegliarsito wake up
tagliarsito cut oneself
trovarsito be located, to find oneself somewhere
truccarsito put on make-up

Conjugation of reflexive verbs in Italian

Conjugation of reflexive verbs proceeds just as any other that of any Italian verb would.

The big difference is - in each conjugation, the appropriate direct subject pronoun is added before any verbal voice. 

Here follows the conjugation in all tenses of a simple reflexive verb, lavarsi (to wash oneself).


 PresentPresent PerfectImperfectAbsolute PastPreterite PerfectFuture SimpleFuture Perfect
Iomi lavomi sono lavatomi lavavomi lavaimi fui lavatomi laveròmi sarò lavato
Tuti laviti sei lavatoti lavaviti lavastiti fosti lavatoti laveraiti sarai lavato
Egli / ellasi lavasi è lavatosi lavavasi lavòsi fu lavatosi laveràsi sarà lavato
Noici laviamoci siamo lavatici lavavamoci lavammoci fummo lavatici laveremoci saremo lavati
Voivi lavatevi siete lavativi lavavatevi lavastevi foste lavativi laveretevi sarete lavati
Essi / essesi lavanosi sono lavatisi lavavanosi lavaronosi fossero lavatisi laverannosi saranno lavati



 PresentImperfectPastPast perfect
(Che) iomi lavimi lavassimi sia lavatomi fossi lavato
(Che) tuti laviti lavassiti sia lavatoti fossi lavato
(Che) egli / ellasi lavisi lavassesi sia lavatosi fosse lavato
(Che) noici laviamoci lavassimoci siamo lavatici fossimo lavati
(Che) voivi laviatevi lavastevi siate lavativi foste lavati
(Che) essi / essesi lavinosi lavasserosi siano lavatisi fossero lavati


 Present Past
Iomi lavereimi sarei lavato
Tuti laverestiti saresti lavato
Egli / ellasi laverebbesi sarebbe lavato
Noici laveremmoci saremmo lavati
Voivi laverestevi sareste lavati
Essi / essesi laverebberosi sarebbero lavati


LavarsiEssersi lavato


Io -
Egli / ellaSi lavi
Essi / esseSi lavino


Lavantesi / lavantisiLavatosi / lavatasi / lavatisi / lavatesi


Lavandosi / lavandomi / lavandoti / lavandoci / lavandoviEssendosi / essendomi / essendoti / essendosi / essendovi lavato/a - essendosi lavati/e



  1. Fill in the blanks with the correct reflexive form of the following Italian verbs
  2. Choose the correct reflexive form for the following verbs

Fill in the blanks with the correct reflexive form of the following Italian verbs

Choose the correct reflexive form for the following verbs

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