The participio presente is the present tense of one of the most important impersonal moods in the Italian language, the participle mood (modo participio).
The Italian present participle is used usually to specify the author of the action described by the verb.
It has usually a nominal value, infrequently a verbal value. With its nominal function, it could be used as an adjective, too.
Its conjugation is therefore comparable to the adjectives' one; indeed, the participle uses singular endings like:
|Gender and Number||Root + Ending|
|Masculine and feminine singular||-nte = am-ante (lover), cred-ente (believer), serv-ente (who serve / helper)|
|Masculine and feminine plural||-nti = am-anti (lovers), cred-enti (believers), serv-enti (who serve / helpers)|
As we said, the participio presente in Italian can have both a verbal than a nominal value.
The nominal value is the most typical of the present participle. It is used in particular as:
Nevertheless, it is important to keep in mind that:
|Present participle values||Example||Translation|
|Nominal||In questo cimitero sono sepolti i combattenti per la libertà.||The warrior for freedom are buried in this graveyard.|
|Adjectival||Una musica rilassante.||A relaxing music.|
|Verbal||Una partita emozionante.||An exciting game.|
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