Not in Italian (negation, negative sentences)
- 1.Negative sentences
- 1.1.Position of other elements in the sentence
- 1.1.1.Direct and indirect pronouns
- 1.1.2.Not even, nothing
- 1.1.3.Adverbs of frequency and time
- 2.Negative interrogative questions
- 2.1.Wh- questions
- 3.1.Exercise on Italian negative sentences - Single choice set
- 3.2.Exercise on Italian negative sentences - Drag text
- 3.3.Exercise on Italian negative sentences - Fill in the blanks
To negate a sentence it's necessary to add Non (Not) before the main verb.
Negative sentence: Subject/(Personal pronoun) + Non + Verb + Rest of the sentence
|Lui non sa cucinare.||He can't cook.|
|Non dormire!||Don't sleep!|
|L'esame non è stato superato.||The exam was not passed.|
Position of other elements in the sentence
Direct and indirect pronouns
Here's the correct structure to add these kinds of pronouns to your negative sentences.
Direct and indirect pronouns: Non + Pronoun + Verb + Rest of the sentence
If the pronoun is merged with the verb, Non simply precede this contruction.
|Non mi piace il cavolo.||I don't like cabbage.|
|Non glielo do.||I won't give it to her.|
|Non parlarle.||Don't talk to her.|
Not even, nothing
Negation adverbs could also be used to negate sentences. If this is the case, it's necessary to remember a couple of rules.
If Nessuno (Nobody), Neanche, Nemmeno, Neppure (Not even), Niente (Nothing) Nulla (Nothing) are placed before the verb, Non (Not) mustn't be added.
|Nessuno andrà al cinema.||Nobody will go to the cinema.|
|Neache Mario sa la risposta.||Not even Mario knows the answer.|
|Niente è deciso.||Nothing is decided.|
Adverbs of frequency and time
In compound verbs, words like Già (Already/Yet) Ancora (Yet/Still/Again) Mai (Ever/Never) and Più (Any more/Any longer) are placed between the auxiliary and the past participle.
|Il Presidente non ha ancora risposto.||The President hasn't answered yet.|
|Non avevo mai visto una giraffa dal vivo.||I have never seen a giraffe in the flesh.|
Negative interrogative questions
These sentences are interrogative questions that are turned into negatives.
Negative interrogative questions: Subject/(Personal pronoun) + Non + Verb + Rest of the sentence
|Maria non ha portato i soldi?||Didn't Maria bring the money?|
|Non sei uscito ieri sera?||Didn't you go out last night?|
The most common Wh-Question used in Italian for negative interrogatives is Perchè (Why).
Wh-Questions: Perché + Subject/(Personal pronoun) + Non + (Personal pronoun) + Rest of the sentence
|Perché non sei a scuola?||Why aren't you at school?|
|Perché il gatto non è in garage?||Why isn't the cat in the garage?|
|Perché non finisci di mangiare?||Why don't you finish eating?|
- Exercise on Italian negative sentences - Single choice set
- Exercise on Italian negative sentences - Drag text
- Exercise on Italian negative sentences - Fill in the blanks
Exercise on Italian negative sentences - Single choice set
Exercise on Italian negative sentences - Drag text
Exercise on Italian negative sentences - Fill in the blanks
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I am a private teacher in English, German and Italian. I am a Master's graduate in Translation and Interpreting at the University of Genoa, Italy. I am Italian native speaker. I know English and German at C2 level and Russian at B2 level.
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Here i am! I'm Andrea an Italian/spanish teacher that living in Spain. I got a Teaching Master and I'm working as italian teacher. Also, I have a C1 spanish level ( DELE certification) and I can teach you both languages.
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It's very useful to go through writing I have done and discuss other ways of expressing the same idea.
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-What I offer-
We will spend the full hour talking in Italian about topics of our interest (sports, arts, traveling, culture, food, relations..) and I will make you speak as much as you can.
WHY IS IT SO IMPORTANT YOU SPEAK AS MUCH YOU CAN?
Because our brain need some time to make us fluent and to feel confident speaking in another language.
Furthermore, I consider creativity is an essential aspect of speaking. It makes the class much more interesting and inspiring. For that reason I encourage my students to use their creativity and to express themselves with no filter.Ci vediamo presto! L’Italiano ti aspetta!
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I try each time to adapt to every student's needs, with mainly one goal: making every student enthusiastic about the learning process and more and more confident. I use a communicative approach and I can offer classes of Italian languages, cinema, culture, gestures, focuses on grammar, conversation, etc.
The lesson answered all my expectations.
The conversation was fluent.
Olivia was very sensitive to my goals.
I thank her for this lovely experience.
to be continued…
12 weeks later, and I am so satisfied and grateful. The lessons are lively and fun. to be continued...
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I am qualified Italian teacher.
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Like the times before, it was perfect and a lot of fun. I am interested in the subject and I like to tell a lot and show Italian videos that are new to Francesca :-)
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Group lessons are available, and customized courses are also an option.
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