Not in Italian (negation, negative sentences)
To negate a sentence it's necessary to add Non (Not) before the main verb.
Negative sentence: Subject/(Personal pronoun) + Non + Verb + Rest of the sentence
|Lui non sa cucinare.||He can't cook.|
|Non dormire!||Don't sleep!|
|L'esame non è stato superato.||The exam was not passed.|
Position of other elements in the sentence
Direct and indirect pronouns
Here's the correct structure to add these kinds of pronouns to your negative sentences.
Direct and indirect pronouns: Non + Pronoun + Verb + Rest of the sentence
If the pronoun is merged with the verb, Non simply precede this contruction.
|Non mi piace il cavolo.||I don't like cabbage.|
|Non glielo do.||I won't give it to her.|
|Non parlarle.||Don't talk to her.|
Not even, nothing
Negation adverbs could also be used to negate sentences. If this is the case, it's necessary to remember a couple of rules.
If Nessuno (Nobody), Neanche, Nemmeno, Neppure (Not even), Niente (Nothing) Nulla (Nothing) are placed before the verb, Non (Not) mustn't be added.
|Nessuno andrà al cinema.||Nobody will go to the cinema.|
|Neache Mario sa la risposta.||Not even Mario knows the answer.|
|Niente è deciso.||Nothing is decided.|
Adverbs of frequency and time
In compound verbs, words like Già (Already/Yet) Ancora (Yet/Still/Again) Mai (Ever/Never) and Più (Any more/Any longer) are placed between the auxiliary and the past participle.
|Il Presidente non ha ancora risposto.||The President hasn't answered yet.|
|Non avevo mai visto una giraffa dal vivo.||I have never seen a giraffe in the flesh.|
Negative interrogative questions
These sentences are interrogative questions that are turned into negatives.
Negative interrogative questions: Subject/(Personal pronoun) + Non + Verb + Rest of the sentence
|Maria non ha portato i soldi?||Didn't Maria bring the money?|
|Non sei uscito ieri sera?||Didn't you go out last night?|
The most common Wh-Question used in Italian for negative interrogatives is Perchè (Why).
Wh-Questions: Perché + Subject/(Personal pronoun) + Non + (Personal pronoun) + Rest of the sentence
|Perché non sei a scuola?||Why aren't you at school?|
|Perché il gatto non è in garage?||Why isn't the cat in the garage?|
|Perché non finisci di mangiare?||Why don't you finish eating?|
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
Italian teacher and translator
I teach: Italian
Hello EverybodyMy name is Luisa and I teach Italian for foreign students, English, French and German for Italian students Since... 1994, I have dedicated myself to translating and teaching thanks to my travels, abroad studies, foreign reading and writing. I provide fun and customized lessons based on the student's goals. I also triy to minimize English speaking during the lessons. I give homework exercises, and my lessons are intermixed with grammar, conversation, customs and traditions. My goal is to make certain that each student finds learning Italian exciting.I am available for any explanations also via e mail Read more
Italian and German as a foreign language
I teach: German, Italian
Hi! I am Donatella, I'm Italian and I have been living in Vienna since 2009. I teach Italian and German as a foreign language. I really... like teaching and I enjoy it! Every day I have the great chance to work together with people with different ages, backgroung and learning goals. Thanks to my job I can broaden and deepen my knowledge and skills and of course meet people from all over the world.Foreign languages represent my first interest, as a learner too. After having experienced a distance learning course I find the e-learning a personal, specific and practical method to learn, improve or polish up a foreign language! I would be glad to hear from you! Read more
Italian class and cils exam preparation with Alessia
I teach: Italian
Hello guys I am Alessia, I am Italian and I am an italian teacher for foreigners, since 2012. I love my work and that is why I prefer to say... that I am a linguistic and cultural ambassador and not just a teacher. I have lots of experience with young people as well as with adults of all levels (from the basic to the superior level (initial, intermediate, advanced and superior: C2). Classes are generally OTO (one to one) and focus on the conversation and the needs of the students. I usually teach online and in presence because I also work in a language school. Read more