To negate a sentence it's necessary to add Non (Not) before the main verb.
Negative sentence: Subject/(Personal pronoun) + Non + Verb + Rest of the sentence
|Lui non sa cucinare.||He can't cook.|
|Non dormire!||Don't sleep!|
|L'esame non è stato superato.||The exam was not passed.|
Here's the correct structure to add these kinds of pronouns to your negative sentences.
Direct and indirect pronouns: Non + Pronoun + Verb + Rest of the sentence
If the pronoun is merged with the verb, Non simply precede this contruction.
|Non mi piace il cavolo.||I don't like cabbage.|
|Non glielo do.||I won't give it to her.|
|Non parlarle.||Don't talk to her.|
Negation adverbs could also be used to negate sentences. If this is the case, it's necessary to remember a couple of rules.
If Nessuno (Nobody), Neanche, Nemmeno, Neppure (Not even), Niente (Nothing) Nulla (Nothing) are placed before the verb, Non (Not) mustn't be added.
|Nessuno andrà al cinema.||Nobody will go to the cinema.|
|Neache Mario sa la risposta.||Not even Mario knows the answer.|
|Niente è deciso.||Nothing is decided.|
In compound verbs, words like Già (Already/Yet) Ancora (Yet/Still/Again) Mai (Ever/Never) and Più (Any more/Any longer) are placed between the auxiliary and the past participle.
|Il Presidente non ha ancora risposto.||The President hasn't answered yet.|
|Non avevo mai visto una giraffa dal vivo.||I have never seen a giraffe in the flesh.|
These sentences are interrogative questions that are turned into negatives.
Negative interrogative questions: Subject/(Personal pronoun) + Non + Verb + Rest of the sentence
|Maria non ha portato i soldi?||Didn't Maria bring the money?|
|Non sei uscito ieri sera?||Didn't you go out last night?|
The most common Wh-Question used in Italian for negative interrogatives is Perchè (Why).
Wh-Questions: Perché + Subject/(Personal pronoun) + Non + (Personal pronoun) + Rest of the sentence
|Perché non sei a scuola?||Why aren't you at school?|
|Perché il gatto non è in garage?||Why isn't the cat in the garage?|
|Perché non finisci di mangiare?||Why don't you finish eating?|
Thank you for your feedback, Brandon! I am very happy to know that you are so satisfied with the lessons. I've always believed that you could make it and I am glad that we never gave it up. The right attitude and a high level of perseverance have been the keys to your success. It has been a pleasure to be your guide in your learning process. I know that you can do much more, so let's continue towards a next level!
An's Bulgarian has tremendously improved since she gave it go a year and a half ago. Of course, It goes without saying that I am pleased to work with such an enthusiastic learner who is living proof that, through hard work and perseverance, everyone can succeed in their language goals. An, you are now an independant user of the language who is able to successfully lead real-live conversations. Pat yourself on the back.
Dear Anita, Thank you very much for your nice review! I enjoy our lessons very much too and I am so happy that our communication and chemistry fit well together. That's the best precondition for a good learning experience. See you soon!
Fabrizio's children are learning French very fast, I have the impression that these lessons online have been helpful for them and I am sure they will master the language easily. They are very interested in learning.
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D
Σ' ευχαριστώ πολύ Μέγκαν! I'm glad you had a good experience and that you enjoyed it. Your excitment about learning greek motivates me even more :)
Ciao Robbie, thanks a lot for your feedback. I'm very happy you like the classes together and I'll do my best to keep them as fun and interesting as possible :-)
Hi Alba! Thank you so much for your wonderful review! I enjoyed our class too & I wish you the best of luck with all your future projects :-)
Dear Silvia, thank you very much for your feedback! It's a real pleasure to have classes with you, and I hope you find them useful!
Thank you very much for your words! You are a very diligent student! You apply and take one step forward with each lesson! See you soon!
Hi Mia, thank you for this feedback. We will continue in this way until you are ready for your exam!
Thank you Dan for the great review! A student like you makes everything easier. I hope to continue like that!
Thanks so much. It is understood that for any difficulty and / or misunderstanding I am at your disposal.Rina
Maria Grazia L.
Thanks a lot for the nice review. It is a real pleasure to be able to help you with German.
Very good class with Margaux, a young woman with a lot of knowledge and a lot of vocabulary :)
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