• Italian grammar
  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)
  • Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • Verbi difettivi in Italian

    I verbi difettivi italiani are a category of verbs that can be found in the Italian language.

    Definition of verbi difettivi

    I verbi difettivi are verbs that cannot be found in all moods, tenses and persons.

    The main verbi difettivi and their usage can be found in the following list:


    This verb means to suit, to fit, to be appropriate.
    It can only be found in:

    Indicativo presente Si addice, si addicono
    Indicativo imperfetto Si addiceva, si addicevano, 
    Congiuntivo presente Che si addica, che si addicano
    Congiuntivo imperfetto Che si addicesse, che si addicessero
    Participio passato Addetto



    • Il suo comportamento non si addice ad una ragazza come lei (Her behaviour is not appropriate for a girl like her)
    • Accesso consentito solo agli addetti ai lavori (Entrance for authorised  employees only)


    This verb means to please, to like.
    It can only be found in:

    Indicativo presente Aggrada



    • Fate come più vi aggrada (Do as you please)


    This verb means to mistake, to be defective.
    It can only be found in:

    Participio passato Fallato



    • Il vaso è fallato (The vase is defective)


    This verb means to be in full swing.
    It can only be found in:

    Indicativo presente Ferve, fervono
    Indicativo imperfetto Ferveva, fervevano
    Participio presente Fervente
    Gerundio presente Fervendo



    • Fervono i preparativi per la festa (The preparation for the party is in full swing)
    • Ludovica è una fervente cattolica (Ludovica is very devoted to catholic religion)


    This verb means to impede, to act like an obstacle to something.
    It can only be found in:

    Indicativo presente Osta
    Indicativo imperfetto Ostava
    Condizionale presente Osterebbe
    Participio presente Ostante



    • Nonostante* la pioggia, siamo usciti lo stesso (We went out despite the rain)
    • Nulla osta a che tu ottenga il permesso di restare (Nothing is against/impedes that you get the permit to stay here)

    *enlightenedThe negative form of ostare is written all together beacause in everyday language it is used as a conjunction or as a preposition meaning in spite of or despite.


    This verb means to itch.
    It can only be found in:

    Indicativo presente Prude, prudono
    Indicativo imperfetto Prudeva, prudevano
    Indicativo futuro Pruderà, prederanno
    Congiuntivo presente Che pruda, che prudano
    Congiuntivo imperfetto Che prudesse, che prudessero
    Condizionale presente Pruderebbe, pruderebbero
    Participio presente Prudente
    Gerundio presente Prudendo



    • Mi prudono gli occhi da due giorni. Forse dovrei andare dal medico (My eyes have been itching for two days. Maybe I should go to the doctor)
    • Se mi potessi grattare la schiena, non pruderebbe (If I could scratch my back, it wouldn't itch)


    This verb means to secrete.
    It can only be found in:

    Indicativo presente Secerne, secernono
    Participio presente Secernente
    Participio passato Secreto
    Gerundio presente Secernendo



    • I nostri corpi secernono sudore (Our bodies secrete sweat)
    • La saliva è secreta dalle ghiandole (Saliva is secreted by glands)


    This verb means to use to, to have the habit of.
    It can only be found in:

    Indicativo presente Soglio, suoli, suole,sogliamo, solete, sogliono
    Indicativo imperfetto Solevo, solevi, soleva, solevamo, solavate, solevano
    Congiuntvo presente Che soglia, che soglia, che soglia, che sogliamo, che sogliate, che sogliano
    Cogiuntivo imperfetto Che solessi, che solessi, che solesse, che solessimo, che soleste, che solessero
    Participio passato Solito



    • Da piccolo ero solito passare i pomeriggi con i miei nonni (When I was a child I used to spend the afternoons with my grandparents)
    • Come si suol dire (As it is usually said)


    This verb means to touch, to interest, to concern.
    It can only be found in:

    Indicativo presente Tange
    Partcipio presente Tangente



    • Quello che dici non mi tange (What you say doesn't concern me)
    • Partire per la tangente (To go/fly off at a tangent)


    This verb means to urge, to need.
    It can only be found in:

    Indicativo presente Urge, urgono
    Indicativo imperfetto Urgeva, urgevano
    Indicativo futuro Urgerà, urgeranno
    Congiuntivo presente Che urga, che urgano
    Congiuntivo imperfetto Che urgesse, che urgessero
    Condizionale presente Urgerebbe, urgerebbero
    Participio presente Urgente
    Gerundio presente Urgendo



    • Presto! Urge un medico! (Quick! A doctor is needed!)
    • Il compito che ti ho dato da fare per domani è urgente (The task I gave you to do for tomorrow is urgent)


    This verb means to deal with, to focus on.
    It can only be found in:

    Indicativo presente Verte, vertono
    Indicativo imperfetto Verteva, vertevano
    Indicativo futuro Verterà, verteranno
    Congiuntivo presente Che verta, che vertano
    Congiuntivo imperfetto Che vertesse, che vertessero
    Condizionale presente Verterebbe, verterebbero
    Participio presente Vertente
    Gerundio presente Vertendo



    • Il corso verterà sulla storia dei Giochi Olimpici (The course will focus in the history of Olympic Games)
    • Il nuovo film di Penelope Cruz verte sui problemi ed i segreti di una famiglia spagnola (The last film with Penelope Cruz deals with the problems and the secrets of a Spanish family)


    This verb means to be effective, to be active.
    It can only be found in:

    Indicativo presente Vige, vigono
    Indicativo imperfetto Vigeva, vigevano
    Indicativo futuro Vigerà, vigeranno
    Congiuntivo presente Che viga, che vigano
    Congiuntivo imperfetto Che vigesse, che vigessero
    Condizionale presente Vigerebbe, vigerebbero
    Participio presente Vigente
    Gerundio presente Vigendo



    • In alcuni stati degli USA vige ancora la pena di morte (In some USA states, death penalty is still effective/used/applied)
    • La norma vigente non ammette eccezioni (The current law does not admit any exception)

    enlightenedVerbs such as competere (to compete), splendere (to shine), concernere (to regard, to concern), and convergere (to converege, to meet) do not have the participio passato. This means they cannot form compound tenses.


    Now take a look at our exercises to improve and test your knowledge!


    Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verbi difettivi

    Spot the verbi difettivi