Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire)
- 1.What is the third conjugation of regular verbs (-ire verbs)
- 1.1.Characteristics of the third conjugation
- 1.1.1.Verbs with the participio presente in -ente and -iente
- 1.1.2.Verbs that add -isc in their conjugation
- 1.1.3.Verbs that add an -i in their conjugation
- 2.How to conjugate regular -ire verbs in Italian?
What is the third conjugation of regular verbs (-ire verbs)
In Italian all verbs that belong to the third conjugation end in -ire.
Some regular verbs in Italian that belong to this conjugation are dormire (to sleep), sentire (to feel), partire (to leave), mentire (to lie), vestire (to wear), inseguire (to chase).
Characteristics of the third conjugation
Despite being regular verbs, some verbs of the third conjugation have peculiarities.
Here are the main peculiarities:
Verbs with the participio presente in -ente and -iente
Some verbs of the third conjugation form the participio presente (present participle) in two ways: with the ending -ente or with the ending -iente.
Examples: dorm-ente and dorm-iente
Other verbs only present the form in -iente.
Examples: obbed-iente, nutr-iente
Here is a chart with some forms of the participio presente:
|Capire (to understand)||capente|
|Consentire (to permit/to allow)||consenziente|
|Nutrire (to feed)||nutriente|
|Patire (to suffer)||paziente|
|Sentire (to feel)||senziente|
|Ubbidire/obbedire (to obey)||ubbidiente/obbediente|
|Venire (to come)||veniente|
Verbs that add -isc in their conjugation
In some cases many verbs of the third conjugation such as capire (to understand), finire (to finish), sparire (to disappear), obbedire (to obey), percepire (to perceive) add isc between the root and the ending.
This happens for:
1. the 1st, 2nd, 3rd person singular and 3rd person plural of the presente indicativo and congiuntivo presente;
2. the 2nd, 3rd person singular and 3rd person plural of the imperativo presente
|Indicativo presente||Congiuntivo presente||Imperativo presente|
|Io capisco||Che io capisca||/|
|Tu capisci||Che tu capisca||Capisci|
|Egli/Ella capisce||Che egli/ella capisca||Capisca|
|Noi capiamo||Che noi capiamo||Capiamo|
|Voi capite||Che voi capiate||Capite|
|Essi/Esse capiscono||Che essi/esse capiscano||Capiscano|
Some verbs such as applaudire (to clap), mentire (to lie), nutrire (to feed), partire (to divide) con have both forms: with or without isc.
Examples: io applaudo, io applaudisco
Verbs that add an -i in their conjugation
The verb cucire (to sew) is conjugated by adding an i between the root and the endings that begin with a and o.
Examples: io cuc-i-o (I sew), noi cuc-i-amo (we sew).
How to conjugate regular -ire verbs in Italian?
Here is the conjugation for regular verbs of the third conjugation.
Example servire (to serve)
|Presente||Passato prossimo||Imperfetto||Trapassato prossimo||Passato remoto||Trapassato remoto||Futuro semplice||Futuro anteriore|
|Io||servo||ho servito||servivo||avevo servito||servii||ebbi servito||servirò||avrò servito|
|Tu||servi||hai servito||servivi||avevi servito||servisti||avesti servito||servirai||avrai servito|
|Egli/Ella||serve||ha servito||serviva||aveva servito||servì||ebbe servito||servirà||avrà servito|
|Noi||serviamo||abbiamo servito||servivamo||avevamo servito||servimmo||avemmo servito||serviremo||avremo servito|
|Voi||servite||avete servito||servivate||avevate servito||serviste||aveste servito||servirete||avrete servito|
|Essi/Esse||servono||hanno servito||servivano||avevano servito||servirono||ebbero servito||serviranno||
|(Che) io||serva||abbia servito||servissi||avessi servito|
|(Che) tu||serva||abbia servito||servissi||avessi servito|
|(Che) egli/ella||serva||abbia servito||servisse||avesse servito|
|(Che) noi||serviamo||abbiamo servito||servissimo||avessimo servito|
|(Che) voi||serviate||abbiate servito||serviste||aveste servito|
|(Che) essi/esse||servano||abbiano servito||servissero||avessero servito|
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
Italian and English teacher
I teach: English, Italian
Buongiorno! I am an Italian native speaker with excellent English. I have lived in the UK for 4 years. I studied Languages and Literature at... University and always wanted to become a teacher. I have TEFL certification. I have taken a module "Teaching Italian as a foreign language" at the University of Reading and I have experience teaching Italian and English to children and young adults. I can help with after-school, homework, conversation, grammar, and writing in all sorts of contexts. I am highly organised and I enjoy creating lesson plans. Teaching is something I love. I don't even see it as a job! I just love helping people learn languages. Read more
I teach: English, French, Italian
Italian is my mother tongue.I carry out different kind of lessons, aimed at those who want to live in Italy or travel; but also for... students (or PhD or Teachers) who need to learn italian to read and speak fluently (to read original manuscript, to speak at conferences, seminars etc). Read more
Italian, English, Spanish Private Lessons for Everybody
I teach: English, Italian, Spanish
Dear all,Would you like to learn a new language such as Italian, English or Spanish in a smooth, accessible and fun way? Then, it would be a... great idea to embark on an exciting journey together!My big priority is to make sure that my students will learn a new language and get much more familiar with a new culture as fast as possible by doing dynamic and funny activities which suit everyone’s needs and passions. Song lyrics, texts from your favourite books, literature, parts of movies, news, TV series, traditional recipes may be only some of the instruments that we can use in order to make the learning process more efficient and focused on using the new language in different fields.I have a Bachelor’s degree in Languages and Literature from the University of Verona (Italy) and a Master’s Degree, cum Laude, in Languages and Media from the University ‘Cattolica’ in Milan (Italy) and Chapman University in Orange, California (USA).If you are a proper beginner, if you already know a few words but you don’t dare to speak to anyone yet, if you are already very confident with the language but you still want to get to a higher level of proficiency, if you want to know better about one of these cultures, than this is a perfect course for you.A nice introductory chat can help both of us to understand which is the starting level and which is the goal of the course in order to tailor a proper class according to your need.Join the course and you will be immediately immersed in a new culture and in a heartbeat you will speak a new language!See you soon!Maddalena Read more