• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire)

    What is the third conjugation of regular verbs (-ire verbs)

    In Italian all verbs that belong to the third conjugation end in -ire.

    Some regular verbs in Italian that belong to this conjugation are dormire (to sleep), sentire (to feel), partire (to leave), mentire (to lie), vestire (to wear), inseguire (to chase).

    Characteristics of the third conjugation

    Despite being regular verbs, some verbs of the third conjugation have peculiarities.
    Here are the main peculiarities:

    Verbs with the participio presente in -ente and -iente

    Some verbs of the third conjugation form the participio presente (present participle) in two ways: with the ending -ente or with the ending -iente.
    Examples: dorm-ente and dorm-iente

    Other verbs only present the form in -iente.
    Examples: obbed-iente, nutr-iente


    Here is a chart with some forms of the participio presente:

    Infinito Participio presente
    Capire (to understand) capente
    Consentire (to permit/to allow) consenziente
    Nutrire (to feed) nutriente
    Patire (to suffer) paziente
    Sentire (to feel) senziente
    Ubbidire/obbedire (to obey) ubbidiente/obbediente
    Venire (to come) veniente

     

    Verbs that add -isc in their conjugation

    In some cases many verbs of the third conjugation such as capire (to understand), finire (to finish), sparire (to disappear), obbedire (to obey), percepire (to perceive) add isc between the root and the ending.
    This happens for:
    1. the 1st, 2nd, 3rd person singular and 3rd person plural of the presente indicativo and congiuntivo presente;
    2. the 2nd, 3rd person singular and 3rd person plural of the imperativo presente​
    Examples:

    Indicativo presente Congiuntivo presente Imperativo presente
    Io capisco Che io capisca /
    Tu capisci Che tu capisca Capisci
    Egli/Ella capisce Che egli/ella capisca Capisca
    Noi capiamo Che noi capiamo Capiamo
    Voi capite Che voi capiate Capite
    Essi/Esse capiscono Che essi/esse capiscano Capiscano

     

    Some verbs such as applaudire (to clap), mentire (to lie), nutrire (to feed), partire (to divide) con have both forms: with or without isc.
    Examples: io applaudo, io applaudisco

    Verbs that add an -i in their conjugation

    The verb cucire (to sew) is conjugated by adding an i between the root and the endings that begin with a and o.
    Examples: io cuc-i-o (I sew), noi cuc-i-amo (we sew).

     

     

    How to conjugate regular -ire verbs in Italian?

    Here is the conjugation for regular verbs of the third conjugation.

    Example servire (to serve)

    Indicativo

      Presente Passato prossimo Imperfetto Trapassato prossimo Passato remoto Trapassato remoto Futuro semplice Futuro anteriore
    Io servo ho servito servivo avevo servito servii ebbi servito servirò avrò servito
    Tu servi hai servito servivi avevi servito servisti avesti servito servirai avrai servito
    Egli/Ella serve ha servito serviva aveva servito servì ebbe servito servirà avrà servito
    Noi serviamo abbiamo servito servivamo avevamo servito servimmo avemmo servito serviremo avremo servito
    Voi servite avete servito servivate avevate servito serviste aveste servito servirete avrete servito
    Essi/Esse servono hanno servito servivano avevano servito servirono ebbero servito serviranno

    avranno servito

     

    Congiuntivo

      Presente Passato Imperfetto Trapassato
    (Che) io serva abbia servito servissi avessi servito
    (Che) tu serva abbia servito servissi avessi servito
    (Che) egli/ella serva abbia servito servisse avesse servito
    (Che) noi serviamo abbiamo servito servissimo avessimo servito
    (Che) voi serviate abbiate servito serviste aveste servito
    (Che) essi/esse servano abbiano servito servissero avessero servito

     

    Condizionale

      Presente Passato
    Io servirei avrei servito
    Tu serviresti avresti servito
    Egli/Ella servirebbe avrebbe servito
    Noi serviremmo avremmo servito
    Voi servireste avreste servito
    Essi/Esse servirebbero avrebbero servito

     

    Imperativo

      Presente
    Io /
    Tu servi
    Egli/Ella serva
    Noi serviamo
    Voi servite
    Essi/Esse servano

     

    Infinito

    Presente Passato
    servire avere servito

     

    Participio

    Presente Passato
    servente servito

     

    Gerundio

    Presente Passato
    servendo avendo servito

     

    Exercises

    Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verbs that belong to the third conjugation

    Drag the correct -ire verb to complete the sentences

    Next lessons

    1 Conjugation of dormire (to sleep) in Italian A lesson on the Italian verb dormire (to sleep)
    2 Conjugation of sentire (to hear, to feel) in Italian A lesson on the Italian verb sentire
    3 Conjugation of partire (to leave) in Italian A lesson on the Italian verb partire (to leave)