• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • Italian adverbs

    Italian adverbs list

    Adverbs (gli avverbi) generally add a piece of information about the main verb.

    Adverbs are used to describe:

    • how an action is done (adverbs of manner);
    • when an action is done (adverbs of time);
    • where an action happens (adverbs of place);
    • a quantity (adverbs of quantity)
    • other useful infomation (adverbs of confirmation, doubt, negation)

     

    Italian adverbs of Manner

    Adverbs of manner are used to express how an action is carried out.

    Italian English
    Bene Good/Well
    Male Bad
    Davvero Really/For real
    Volentieri With pleasure
    Apposta On purpose
    Così So

     

    enlightened Most adverbs of manner are formed by adding the suffix -mente to a qualifying adjective. -mente could roughly correspond to -ly.

    Note that some spelling changes may occur and the final adverb form could vary.
     

    Adjective Adverb English
    Veloce Velocemente Fast(ly)
    Lento Lentamente Slow(ly)
    Facile Facilmente Easy (Easily)

     

    Italian adverbs of Time and Frequency

    These adverbs are invariable and add a temporal specification.

    Time

    English

    Ieri

    Yesterday

    Dopo
    Poi

    After/later/then

    Subito

    Right away/immediately

    Presto

    Early/Soon

    Oggi

    Today

    Domani

    Tomorrow

    Dopodomani The day after tomorrow

    L'altro ieri

    The day before yesterday

    Ogni giorno

    Ogni minuto

    Every (day/minute)

    Ora 

    Adesso

    Now

    Finora

    So far

    Prima

    Before/First

    Tardi

    Late

    Spesso

    Often

    Sempre

    Always

    Mai

    Never

    Già

    Already/Yet

    Ancora

    Again/Still/Yet

    Allora

    Back then

    Di solito 

    Solitamente

    Usually

    Raramente

    Rarely

    A volte

    Ogni tanto

    Sometimes
    Stamattina This morning
    Stanotte Tonight
    Stasera This evening
    Talvolta (formal) Sometimes

     

    Italian adverbs of Place

    Adverbs of place pinpoint a location. They are all invariable.

    Place English
    Dentro Inside

    Fuori

    Outside

    Sopra

    On/Above

    Sotto

    Under

    Dietro

    Behind

    Davanti

    In front of/Facing

    Vicino

    Near/Close

    Accanto

    Next to/Close to

    Lontano

    Far

    Intorno

    Around (position)

    Intorno Around (movement)

    Su

    Up/On

    Giù

    Down/Under

    Via

    Away

    Qui

    Qua

    Here

    There

    Altrove

    Elsewhere

    A sinistra On the left
    A destra On the right

    Dappertutto 

    Dovunque 

    Ovunque

    Everywhere/Anywhere
    Da qualche parte Somewhere
    Da nessuna parte Nowhere
    Altrove Elsewhere

     

    Italian adverbs of Quantity

    Adverbs of quantity add information about an amount, a scale. They are invariable.

    Quantity English
    Abbastanza Enough

    Molto

    A lot/much

    Piuttosto

    Rather/Quite

    Meno

    Less

    Poco

    A little

    Più

    More

    Quasi

    Almost

    Solo

    Only/Just

    Tanto

    A lot

    Troppo

    Too much

    Un po'

    A little bit

    Altrettanto As much as
    Parecchio A lot/Quite
    Appena Just enough

    Niente

    Nulla

    Nothing
    Circa About


    Italian affirmation and negation adverbs

    This category of adverbs is particularly useful to express an opinion.

     

    Adverb

    English

    Affirmation

    Yes

     

    Sicuramente

    Di sicuro

    Surely/For sure

     

    Certamente

    Di certo

    Certainly/Certain

     

    Ovviamente

    Obviously

     

    Davvero

    Per davvero

    Really/For real

     

    Esattamente

    Exactly

      Proprio Right (that thing)
     

    Senza dubbio 

    Indubbiamente

    Without a doubt/Undoubtedly

    Negation

    No

    No

     

    Non

    Not

     

    Né... né

    Neither... nor

     

    Neanche

    Nemmeno

    Neppure

    Not even

     

    Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative

    With the following adverbs it's possible to express an uncertainty and ask questions.

      Adverb English

    Doubt

    Probabilmente

    Probably

     

    Forse

    Magari

    Maybe

     

    Quasi

    Almost

     

    Eventualmente 

    Possibilmente

    Possibly

      Se If

    Interrogative
    Exclamative

    Dove

    Where

     

    Quando

    When

     

    Come

    How

     

    Perché 

    Come mai

    Why/For what reason

     

    Quanto

    How much

    Italian adverbial phrases (expressions with adverbs)

    An adverbial phrase is a construction of two or more words that act as an adverb.
    These expressions are very common in everyday language.

    Examples include: A piedi (on foot), A sinistra (on the left), Così e così (So and so)
     

    Comparative and superlative adverbs

    Comparative and superlative constructions are used to make comparisons between two or more terms.

    There are three kinds of comparatives.

    Comparative  Construction Example
    Comparative of minority Più (More) + Adverb + di Più velocemente (Faster)
    Comparative of minority Meno + Adverb +di Meno velocemente (Slower)
    Comparative of equality Tanto + Adverb + quanto Tanto velocemente quanto (As fast as)

     

    There are also two kinds of superlatives.

    Superlative Construction Example
    Relative Determinative article + più/meno + Adverb Il più velocemente (The fastest way)
    Absolute Adjective + superlative suffixes + mente Velocissimamente (Superfast)

     

    Position of adverbs in a sentence

    There are no fixed rules to define the position of adverbs.
    Their spot in a sentence can change; an adverb can emphasise a specific part of the sentence according to the speaker's communicative intentions.

    enlightened We could say that if an adverb directly modifies the verb, it's located closer to it.
    If an adverb modifies the whole sentence, it's generally further from the verb.

    Check out the following examples.
    Ieri siamo andati al cinema. (We went to the cinema yesterday.)
    Siamo andati al cinema ieri. (We [already] went to the cinema yesterday.)

    Italian adverbs vs adjectives

    There is one substantial difference between adverbs and adjectives.

    enlightened Adverbs add information to the verb and are unvariable, while adjectives add information to the
    noun and agree in gender and number with it.

    Take a look at the following examples:

    Adjective Adverb
    Claudia ha mangiato troppa pasta.
    (Claudia ate too much pasta.)
    Claudia è molto sazia.
    (Claudia is very full.)

    Next lessons

    1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) A lesson on Italian adverbs of manner
    2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) A lesson on the Italian adverbs of time
    3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) A lesson on the Italian adverbs of place
    4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) An introductory lesson on Italian adverbs of quantity, like much, many, a few.
    5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) Learn how to say yes or no in Italian.
    6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative Learn more about Italian adverbs of doubt and interrogative and exclamative adverbs.