Conjugation of dovere (must) in Italian
The Italian modal verb dovere expresses duty or the necessity to do something. It's the equivalent of English to have to and must.
It has an irregular conjugation, and therefore presents many different forms for each tense.
How to use the verb dovere in Italian
Unlike English must and to have to, which convey two different types of duty, in Italian dovere can specity both the need and the obligation to perform the action introduced by the verb.
|Devo andare a scuola.||I have to go to school.
I must go to school.
How to conjugate dovere in Italian
Below you can find the complete conjugation of dovere. Like you will notice, this verb has not the imperative mood.
|Present||Present Perfect||Imperfect||Past Perfect||Absolute Past||Preterite Perfect||Future Simple||Future Perfect|
|Io||devo||ho dovuto||dovevo||avevo dovuto||dovetti||ebbi dovuto||dovrò||avrò dovuto|
|Tu||devi||hai dovuto||dovevi||avevi dovuto||dovesti||avesti dovuto||dovrai||avrai dovuto|
|Egli / ella||deve||ha dovuto||doveva||aveva dovuto||dovette||ebbe dovuto||dovrà||avrà dovuto|
|Noi||dobbiamo||abbiamo dovuto||dovevamo||avevamo dovuto||dovemmo||avemmo dovuto||dovremo||avremo dovuto|
|Voi||dovete||avete dovuto||dovevate||avevate dovuto||doveste||aveste dovuto||dovrete||avrete dovuto|
|Essi / esse||devono||hanno dovuto||dovevano||avevano dovuto||dovettero||ebbero dovuto||dovranno||avranno dovuto|
|(Che) io||debba||abbia dovuto||dovessi||avessi dovuto|
|(Che) tu||debba||abbia dovuto||dovessi||avessi dovuto|
|(Che) egli / ella||debba||abbia dovuto||dovesse||avesse dovuto|
|(Che) noi||dobbiamo||abbiamo dovuto||dovessimo||avessimo dovuto|
|(Che) voi||dobbiate||abbiate dovuto||doveste||aveste dovuto|
|(Che) essi / esse||debbano||abbiano dovuto||dovessero||avessero dovuto|
|Egli / ella||dovrebbe||avrebbe dovuto|
|Essi / esse||dovrebbero||avrebbero dovuto|
The conditional conjugation of dovere is very used to express advice or counsel. It could be compared to the should clause in English.
e.g. Credo che dovresti tornare al lavoro. (I think you should get back to work)
Oggi avrei dovuto studiare, ma non ne avevo voglia! (I should have studied today, but I didn't really feel like).
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
Italian teacher and translator
I teach: Italian
Hello EverybodyMy name is Luisa and I teach Italian for foreign students, English, French and German for Italian students Since... 1994, I have dedicated myself to translating and teaching thanks to my travels, abroad studies, foreign reading and writing. I provide fun and customized lessons based on the student's goals. I also triy to minimize English speaking during the lessons. I give homework exercises, and my lessons are intermixed with grammar, conversation, customs and traditions. My goal is to make certain that each student finds learning Italian exciting.I am available for any explanations also via e mail Read more
I teach: English, Italian
Hello! just some info to better understand my method:I carry out an accurate needs analysis during the 0 lesson to find out the learner's... level, background, learning habits and style, hobbies and interests and their needs. I prepare a course design to be discussed with the learner with the major points I think should be covered in the course, on the basis of the needs analysis mentioned aboveI use articles, videos and tools such as kahoot, padlet, quizlet, TED talks and so on to make my lessons varied and dynamicI provide clear examples and explanations of the target language As I said in the video, I teach English and Italian for all levels + business English/Italian, exam preparation classes, business skills and English/Italian for Specific Purposes (logistics, HR, pharma...). Feel free to contact me if you have any questions or requests.Looking forward to hearing from you! :) Read more
It@lian, English and Spanish with Daniela
I teach: English, Italian, Spanish
Hi everyone!My name is Daniela and I am a qualified Italian language teacher! I teach Italian and English at school, and Spanish and French... as a freelancer. I love foreign languages, translating, reading and listening to music. Are you ready to start your language learning path with me? We are going to learn many things and to talk a lot! Don’t worry if you’ve never studied the language before: everyone can attend my classes – from beginner to advanced students. You just need passion for what you're going to do and... a good Internet connection. Materials are provided by me!See you online! Read more
Very experienced teacher!