• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...)

    Italian possessive pronouns

    Possessive pronouns (pronomi possessivi) replace an element and highlight its property.

    They agree in gender and number with the name they substitute.
    These pronouns are always preceded by an article or by an complex preposition.

    Italian possessive pronouns chart

    PERSON Masculine singular Masculine plural Feminine singular Feminine plural
    Mine Il mio I miei La mia Le mie
    Yours Il tuo I tuoi La tua Le tue
    His/Hers/Its

    Il suo

    I suoi La sua Le sue
    Ours Il nostro I nostri La nostra Le nostre
    Yours Il vostro I vostri La vostra Le vostre
    Theirs Il loro I loro La loro Le loro
    Own Il proprio I propri La propria Le proprie
    Others' L'altrui Gli altrui La altrui Le altrui

     

    Take a look at the following examples.

    Italian English
    Vuoi andare con la tua macchina o prendiamo la mia? Do you want to go with your car or do we take mine?
    Il mio motorino è più nuovo del tuo. My scooter is newer than yours.
    Quella macchina non è sua. È la vostra. That car is not his. It's yours.
    Il tuo cane è più amichevole del suo. Your dog is friendlier than hers.
    Quel problema ci interessa. Adesso è il nostro We care about that problem. It's ours now!

     

    Own in Italian (Proprio)

    Proprio translates as "own" and  is sometimes used instead of suo/loro to reinforce the sense of possession.
    Proprio is used with third person subjects only.

    • CORRECT: Marco ha una macchina e va con la propria al cinema. (Marco has a car and he goes with his own to the cinema)
    • ​WRONG: Anche io ho una macchina, stasera (io) vado con la propria  → Io vado con la mia (I also have a car, this evening I will go with mine)

    Usages of proprio (own)

    In the following cases, proprio must always substitute suo/loro.

    Impersonal verbs and/or indefinite subjects

    Using Proprio is recommended in case of impersonal verbs or indefinite adjectives.

    Italian English
    Bisogna pensare sempre ai propri, di problemi intendo. One has to think about one's own, I mean, problems.
    Quando ci sono molti lavori da fare, è meglio pensare al proprio. When there is a lot of work to do, it's better to think about one's own first.
    Riguardo all'opinione, è necessario sempre dire la propria Speaking of opinions, it is always necessary to say one's own.

     

    Remove ambiguity

    Proprio helps specify the possessor in ambiguos sentences.

    Italian English
    Mario ha trovato la bici quindi è venuto con la propria. Mario found the bike, so he came with his own.
    Giovanna non aveva molti soldi e non ha potuto pagare con i propri Giovanna didn't have much money and she couldn't pay with her own.
    Marco ha incontrato Giovanna a casa propria. Marco met Giovanna at his place. (Not at Giovanna's)

     

    Others' in Italian (altrui)

    Altrui is literally translated as others'. 
    It is invariable and could sometimes be preceded by a demonstrative, that agrees in gender and number with the noun it replaces.

    Italian English
    Lui ha troppi problemi per pensare a quelli altrui. He has too many problems to care about other people's.
    I ladri di notte non stanno a casa, vanno in quelle altrui. Thieves don't stay at home at night, they go to other people's.
    Ha deciso di ritirarsi per il suo bene e quello altrui. He decided to retire for his own good and also for others'.

    Exercises

    Exercise on Italian possessive pronouns - Drag text

    Exercise on Italian possessive pronouns - Multiple choice

    Exercise on Italian possessive pronouns (Proprio) - Fill in the blanks

    Exercise on Italian possessive pronouns - Fill in the blanks