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Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...)

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Italian possessive pronouns

Possessive pronouns (pronomi possessivi) replace an element and highlight its property.

They agree in gender and number with the name they substitute.
These pronouns are always preceded by an article or by an complex preposition.

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Italian possessive pronouns chart

PERSONMasculine singularMasculine pluralFeminine singularFeminine plural
MineIl mioI mieiLa miaLe mie
YoursIl tuoI tuoiLa tuaLe tue

Il suo

I suoiLa suaLe sue
OursIl nostroI nostriLa nostraLe nostre
YoursIl vostroI vostriLa vostraLe vostre
TheirsIl loroI loroLa loroLe loro
OwnIl proprioI propriLa propriaLe proprie
Others'L'altruiGli altruiLa altruiLe altrui


Take a look at the following examples.

Vuoi andare con la tua macchina o prendiamo la mia?Do you want to go with your car or do we take mine?
Il mio motorino è più nuovo del tuo.My scooter is newer than yours.
Quella macchina non è sua. È la vostra.That car is not his. It's yours.
Il tuo cane è più amichevole del suo.Your dog is friendlier than hers.
Quel problema ci interessa. Adesso è il nostroWe care about that problem. It's ours now!


Own in Italian (Proprio)

Proprio translates as "own" and  is sometimes used instead of suo/loro to reinforce the sense of possession.
Proprio is used with third person subjects only.

  • CORRECT: Marco ha una macchina e va con la propria al cinema. (Marco has a car and he goes with his own to the cinema)
  • ​WRONG: Anche io ho una macchina, stasera (io) vado con la propria  → Io vado con la mia (I also have a car, this evening I will go with mine)

Usages of proprio (own)

In the following cases, proprio must always substitute suo/loro.

Impersonal verbs and/or indefinite subjects

Using Proprio is recommended in case of impersonal verbs or indefinite adjectives.

Bisogna pensare sempre ai propri, di problemi intendo.One has to think about one's own, I mean, problems.
Quando ci sono molti lavori da fare, è meglio pensare al proprio.When there is a lot of work to do, it's better to think about one's own first.
Riguardo all'opinione, è necessario sempre dire la propriaSpeaking of opinions, it is always necessary to say one's own.


Remove ambiguity

Proprio helps specify the possessor in ambiguos sentences.

Mario ha trovato la bici quindi è venuto con la propria.Mario found the bike, so he came with his own.
Giovanna non aveva molti soldi e non ha potuto pagare con i propriGiovanna didn't have much money and she couldn't pay with her own.
Marco ha incontrato Giovanna a casa propria.Marco met Giovanna at his place. (Not at Giovanna's)


Others' in Italian (altrui)

Altrui is literally translated as others'. 
It is invariable and could sometimes be preceded by a demonstrative, that agrees in gender and number with the noun it replaces.

Lui ha troppi problemi per pensare a quelli altrui.He has too many problems to care about other people's.
I ladri di notte non stanno a casa, vanno in quelle altrui.Thieves don't stay at home at night, they go to other people's.
Ha deciso di ritirarsi per il suo bene e quello altrui.He decided to retire for his own good and also for others'.


  1. Exercise on Italian possessive pronouns - Drag text
  2. Exercise on Italian possessive pronouns - Multiple choice
  3. Exercise on Italian possessive pronouns (Proprio) - Fill in the blanks
  4. Exercise on Italian possessive pronouns - Fill in the blanks

Exercise on Italian possessive pronouns - Drag text

Exercise on Italian possessive pronouns - Multiple choice

Exercise on Italian possessive pronouns (Proprio) - Fill in the blanks

Exercise on Italian possessive pronouns - Fill in the blanks

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