We use reflexive pronouns (pronomi riflessivi) when the subject and object of the sentence coincide.
Remember! The reflexive pronoun of third person plural and singular sé (sometimes followed by "Stesso" (self), declinable in gender and number) is always stressed and usually follows a preposition.
|Si tiene tutti i soldi per sé.||He keeps all the money for himself.|
|Parla solo di sè stesso.||He only talks about himself.|
|Loro hanno tenuto questo segreto per sè.||They kept this secret for themselves.|
Let's analize some examples.
|Ogni mattina mi sveglio alle 8.||Every morning I wake up at 8.|
|Come ti senti oggi?||How do you feel today?|
|Di solito mi vesto prima di uscire.||I usually get dressed before I leave.|
|Ultimamente mi alzo presto.||Lately I wake up early.|
|Ogni volta che torno a casa mi lavo le mani.||Every time I go back home I wash my hands.|
|Prima devo pettinarmi i capelli.||I have to brush my hair first.|
|Mario si taglia la barba.||Mario is shaving is beard.|
Two or more subjects act toward each other, mutually.
This meaning could be expressed either by a reflexive pronouns, or by expressions such as "a vicenda", that corresponds to each other.
|E' strano che non si parlino a vicenda.||It's weird they don't talk to each other.|
|Quando ci siamo salutati eravamo all'aeroporto.||When we said goodbye to each other we were at the airport.|
|Non ci separeremo mai.||We will never part.|
Reflexive pronouns are usually merged with the verb if the verb is an infinite, gerund or participle.
Otherwise, the pronoun goes between subject and verb.
|Vorrei spazzolarmi i capelli.||I would like to brush my hair.|
|Mentre io aspettavo fuori Maria si spazzolava i capelli.||While I was waiting outside, Maria was brushing her hair.|
|Prima di uscire devo lavarmi.||Before going out, I have to wash myself|
4.7/5 from 2 reviews
Hello! My name is Deborah! I am a language instructor. I teach Italian, English and Bulgarian. I have more than 10 years teaching... experience, both face-to-face and online to individual as well as to small and large groups. At the moment I am teaching Italian in a private school in Sofia, Bulgaria- where I lived for more than 10 years. I teach English to students ready to move to English speaking countries for work, and to students who need Еnglish for their career. I also prepare students for exams (KET, PET, FCE, CAE, CPE), and I offer language courses for communication and travelling purposes. I attended the College (tourism) in Lucca-Italy. I have a diploma in Secretarial and Business Administration from the South Kensington and Chelsea Collage in London- (I lived in London few years ago). I have a TEFL certificate -grade A. and an ECL certificate in Bulgarian C1 with 96/100. Therefore, I have a good knowledge of how languages work and I can provide my students with helpful insight. Teaching is my passion, and I am constantly in search for new methods to help my students to get through the challenges and the difficults when learning a new language. I am an enthusiastic, dedicated and adaptable teacher. I always use the communicative method in my teaching and I try to make my students feel comfortable by creating a funny and relaxed environment. I hope to see you soon in one of my classes! Read more
Hello Everybody My name is Luisa and I teach Italian for foreign students, English, French and German for Italian students Since... 1994, I have dedicated myself to translating and teaching thanks to my travels, abroad studies, foreign reading and writing. I provide fun and customized lessons based on the student's goals. I also triy to minimize English speaking during the lessons. I give homework exercises, and my lessons are intermixed with grammar, conversation, customs and traditions. My goal is to make certain that each student finds learning Italian exciting. I am available for any explanations also via e mail Read more
Hello,I would love to help you improve your knowledge of English.I adapt the lessons following your wishes : are you a beginner and need to get... some basic knowledge with grammar and easy texts or do you want to improve your conversation skills. I can help you either way.Looking forward to meeting you ! Read more