• Italian grammar
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  • 1 Italian alphabet and pronunciation (letters,...)
  • 2 Function of Italian words (subject, object)
  • 3 Italian articles (the/a, an) [0/16]
  • 4 Italian numbers (cardinal, ordinal) [0/7]
  • 5 Italian nouns [0/13]
  • 6 Italian adjectives [0/17]
  • 6.1 Adjective agreement in Italian (endings) [0/2]
  • 6.2 Qualifying adjectives in Italian [0/3]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in Italian (my, your, his/her...) [0/3]
  • 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives in Italian (this, that) [0/2]
  • 6.5 Indefinite adjectives in Italian (some, any...) [0/3]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in Italian (one, the first...) [0/2]
  • 6.7 Interrogative adjectives in Italian (what/which,...) [0/2]
  • 6.8 List of adjectives in Italian (A-Z)
  • 7 Italian pronouns [0/28]
  • 7.1 Personal pronouns in Italian [0/6]
  • 7.2 Relative pronouns (who, that, which, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.3 Possessive pronouns in Italian (mine, yours, his, ...) [0/4]
  • 7.4 Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, ...) in Italian [0/3]
  • 7.5 Indefinite pronouns (few, some, many, ...) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.6 Interrogative pronouns (who, what, which) in Italian [0/4]
  • 7.7 Reflexive pronouns in Italian (myself, each other) [0/3]
  • 8 Italian prepositions [0/25]
  • 8.1 Italian simple prepositions [0/20]
  • 8.1.1 Italian preposition "di" (of, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.2 Italian preposition "a" (at, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.3 Italian preposition "da" (by, from,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.4 Italian preposition "in" (in, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.5 Italian preposition "con" (with) [0/1]
  • 8.1.6 Italian preposition "su" (on, over,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.7 Italian preposition "per" (for, to,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.8 Italian prepositions "tra/ fra" (between, among,...) [0/1]
  • 8.1.9 "On" in Italian (su)
  • 8.1.10 "To" in Italian [0/4]
  • 8.1.11 Italian prepositions of place and time [0/3]
  • 8.1.12 Simple preposition chart - English to Italian [0/5]
  • 8.2 Italian articulated prepositions [0/3]
  • 8.3 Expressions with Italian prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Italian adverbs [0/24]
  • 9.1 Italian adverbs of manner (good, bad, so) [0/4]
  • 9.2 Italian adverbs of frequency and time (always, now) [0/4]
  • 9.3 Italian adverbs of place (here, there) [0/4]
  • 9.4 Italian adverbs of quantity (more, nothing, enough) [0/3]
  • 9.5 Italian affirmation/negation adverbs (Yes, No, Neither) [0/4]
  • 9.6 Italian adverbs of doubt, interrogative/exclamative [0/5]
  • 10 Italian comparatives, superlatives (adjectives/adverbs) [0/7]
  • 11 Italian tenses and verb conjugation [0/17]
  • 11.1 Present tense in Italian (presente indicativo) [0/2]
  • 11.2 Past tenses in Italian [0/11]
  • 11.3 Future tenses in Italian [0/4]
  • 12 Italian verbs [0/94]
  • 12.1 Functions and classification of Italian verbs [0/1]
  • 12.2 Transitive and intransitive verbs in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.3 Active voice and passive voice in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4 Italian regular verbs [0/30]
  • 12.4.1 First conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -are) [0/16]
  • Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the first conjugation (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.4.1.1 Conjugation of abitare (to dwell) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.2 Conjugation of amare (to love) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.3 Conjugation of giocare (to play) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.4 Conjugation of lavorare (to work) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.5 Conjugation of mangiare (to eat) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.6 Conjugation of parlare (to speak) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.7 Conjugation of studiare (to study) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.4.1.8 Conjugation of pagare (to pay) in Italian [0/1]
  • 12.4.2 Second conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ere) [0/6]
  • 12.4.3 Third conjugation in Italian (verbs ending in -ire) [0/8]
  • 12.5 Italian irregular verbs [0/38]
  • 12.5.1 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -are [0/8]
  • 12.5.2 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ere [0/24]
  • 12.5.2.1 Conjugation of sapere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.2 Conjugation of leggere (to read) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.3 Conjugation of mettere (to put) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.4 Conjugation of piacere (to like) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.5 Conjugation of rimanere (to remain, to stay) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.6 Conjugation of conoscere (to know) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.7 Conjugation of scrivere (to write) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.8 Conjugation of vivere (to live) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.9 Conjugation of chiudere (to close, to shut) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.10 Conjugation of prendere (to take, to catch) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.11 Conjugation of bere (to drink) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.2.12 Conjugation of tenere (to hold, to keep) in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.5.3 Conjugation of irregular verbs ending in -ire [0/6]
  • 12.6 Italian modal verbs [0/6]
  • 12.7 Italian reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 12.8 Verbi sovrabbondanti in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.9 Verbi difettivi in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.10 Verbi fraseologici in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.11 Verbi impersonali in Italian [0/2]
  • 12.12 Auxiliary verbs (essere, avere) in Italian [0/5]
  • 12.13 Verbs and prepositions in Italian
  • 13 Italian moods
  • 14 Indicative mood in Italian
  • 15 Subjunctive in Italian [0/9]
  • 16 Conditional in Italian [0/4]
  • 17 Infinitive in Italian [0/1]
  • 18 Imperative in Italian [0/3]
  • 19 Gerund in Italian [0/3]
  • 20 Present participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 21 Past participle in Italian [0/1]
  • 22 Italian sentences [0/15]
  • 22.1 Italian sentence structure (word order) [0/4]
  • 22.2 Structure of complex Italian sentences [0/4]
  • 22.3 Not in Italian (negation, negative sentences) [0/3]
  • 22.4 Italian interrogative sentences (questions) [0/1]
  • 22.5 Italian conditional sentences (if-clauses) [0/1]
  • 22.6 Italian passive sentences [0/1]
  • 22.7 Italian impersonal construction (Si impersonale) [0/1]
  • 23 Italian conjunctions [0/4]
  • The preposition to has a lot of translations in Italian. This depends on its funcion and its meaning.

    Meanings and translations

    The preposition "di"

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    Connective

    To is translated with di when it works as connective between an infinitive and another verb. In English, this construction is formed by -ing forms or to + infinitive. Take a look at the following examples.

    • Mi ha chiesto di uscire stasera. (He asked me to go out tonight.)
    • Hai finito di bere? (Did you finish drinking?)

     

    The preposition "a" (directions, connective, indirect object complement)

    Directions 

    To is translated with a when it indicates the destination or a direction. But careful, only with places and cities!

    • Ho preso l'aereo per andare a Parigi. (I took the plane to go to Paris.)
    • Pensi di andare al mare o a scuola? (Do you thing about going to the beach or to school?)

    Connective 

    A can be translated with to also when it works as connective between an infinite and a verb that expresses the beginning of an action. In English, this construction is formed by -ing forms or to + infinitive.

    • Hai iniziato a studiare per l'esame? (Did you start to study for the exam?)
    • Comincio a pensare che questo è strano. (I started thinking that this is weird.)

    Indirect object complement 

    The preposition a in Italian introduces also the indirect object complement. In English, it matches to to or it is just omitted.

    • Voglio raccontare tutto questo a lei. (I want to tell all this to her.)
    • Il postino ha consegnato un pacco a me. (The mailman delivered a pack to me.)

     

    The preposition "da" (directions, correlation, general things)

    Directions

    Da means to in several contexts. The simplest to understand is meaning directions. We use da when the destination is a person, a family, or a pronoun.

    • Devo trasferirmi da Matteo. (I have to move to Matteo's home.)
    • Pensavo di venire da te stasera. (I was thinking about coming to your place, tonight.)
    • Devo andare dai Bianchi per parlare con il padre. (I have to go to the Bianchi's home to talk with the dad.)

    Correlation

    Da matches also to to when is used in Italian to indicate a correlation. This happens only when it is followed by an infinitive

    • Fa così freddo da star male. (It's so cold to get bad.)
    • Sono abbastanza arrabbiato da denunciarli. (I am angry enough to denounce them.)

    General things 

    We use da also after an indefinite noun with the following structure: indefinite noun + da + infinitive verb. English works in the same way.

    • Ci sono tante cose da fare. (There are a lot of things to do.)
    • Vuoi qualcosa da bere? (Do you want something to drink?)

     

    The preposition "in" (direction, changes)

    Directions 

    In Italian, in means to when indicating a direction or a destination which is a country, big islands or regions, streets, and nouns of places or shops ending in -ia (and also a few exceptions more).

    • Credo che tornerò in Europa. (I think I will go back to Europe.)
    • Andiamo in pizzeria stasera. Che ne pensi? (Let's go at the pizzeria tonight)
    • Andrò in Sicilia in vacanza quest'estate. (I will go to Sicily on holiday this summer.)

    Changes 

    With verbs like transform and convert.

    • Non puoi trasformare l'acqua in vino. (You cant' turn the water into wine.)
    • Devi convertire quel documento in pdf. (You have to convert that document to pdf.)

     

    The preposition "per" (direction, aims)

    Directions

    To means per when it indicates a destination, but only when the contexts express clearly motion.

    • Il treno per Londra è in ritardo. (The train to London is late.)
    • La strada per il mare è quella. (The street to the beach is that.)

    Aims

    Also, per is used a lot to indicate a purpose or an aim. 

    • Devo vederla per raccontarle tutto. (I have to meet her to tell her everything.)
    • Voglio tornare in Italia per mangiare la pizza. (I want to go back to Italy to eat pizza.)