• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • The present subjunctive in French (le subjonctif présent) is generally used to express:

    • wishes 
    • requests 
    • expressions of will

    It is always used in conjunction with the bind word 'que'.  

    Sample sentences  Translation  Use 
    Je veux que tu vienne I want you to come request 
    je suis heureux que tu viennes I am happy that you are coming expressions of will 
    Il souhaite qu'il reste he wishes that he stays  wish 

    enlightenedThe action of the 'que' clause occurs during or after the action of the main clause (the moment you are talking about did not happen yet or is happening) 

    Formation of the subjunctive present in French

    The subjunctive present forms of the regular and also the most irregular verbs are made up of:

    • the Tribe of the 3rd Person Plural Present
    • -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent

    Regular forms of the subjunctive present 

    The regular subjunctive forms in the singular and in the 3rd person plural correspond to the present forms of the verbs on -er. In the 1st and 2nd person plural they correspond to the imperfect.

    travailler (to work) dormir (to sleep) prendre (to take) 
    que je travaille que je dorme  que je prenne
    que tu travailles  que tu dormes  que tu prennes
    qu'il/elle/on travaille qu'il/elle/on dorme qu'il/elle/on prenne
    que nous travaillions que nous dormions que nous prenions
    que vous travailliez que vous dormiez que vous preniez
    qu'ils/elles travaillent  qu'ils/elles dorment qu'ils/elles prennent 
    • verbs that change in the stem vowel in the present tense retain this change in the subjunctive
    • verbs with a -y- before present tense forms stressed on the ending retain this -y- in the subjunctive as well 
    • the verbs en -ier add an 'i' on the 1st and 2nd plural person. The first 'i' belongs to the radical, the second is the ending. 

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    Irregular forms of the subjunctive present

    There are only ten verbs that make the subjunctive present irregular:

    • être (to be)
    • aller (to go)
    • avoir (to have)
    • valoir (to cost)
    • faire (to make)
    • savoir (to know)
    • vouloir (to want)
    • falloir (must)
    • pouvoir (can)
    • pleuvoir (to rain)

    Subjunctive present of être and avoir

    The auxiliary verbs être and avoir differ from the remaining irregular verbs by their stem and the different endings: 

    être (to be)

    avoir (to have)

    que je sois que j'aie
    que tu sois que tu ais
    qu'il/elle/on soit qu'il/elle/on ait
    que nous soyons que nous ayons
    que vous soyez que vous ayez
    qu'ils/elles soient  qu'ils/elles aient 

    Other irregular forms of subjunctive present

     In other irregulars verbs, only the stem is irregular but the endings are regular.

    • aller: que j'aille
    • faire: que tu fasses
    • pouvoir: qu'il puiss
    • falloir: qu'il faill
    • savoir: que nous sachions
    • valoir: que tu vailles
    • vouloir: qu'ils veuillent 
    • pleuvoir: qu'il pleuv