The present subjunctive in French (le subjonctif présent) is generally used to express:
It is always used in conjunction with the bind word 'que'.
|Je veux que tu vienne||I want you to come||request|
|je suis heureux que tu viennes||I am happy that you are coming||expressions of will|
|Il souhaite qu'il reste||he wishes that he stays||wish|
The action of the 'que' clause occurs during or after the action of the main clause (the moment you are talking about did not happen yet or is happening)
The subjunctive present forms of the regular and also the most irregular verbs are made up of:
The regular subjunctive forms in the singular and in the 3rd person plural correspond to the present forms of the verbs on -er. In the 1st and 2nd person plural they correspond to the imperfect.
|travailler (to work)||dormir (to sleep)||prendre (to take)|
|que je travaille||que je dorme||que je prenne|
|que tu travailles||que tu dormes||que tu prennes|
|qu'il/elle/on travaille||qu'il/elle/on dorme||qu'il/elle/on prenne|
|que nous travaillions||que nous dormions||que nous prenions|
|que vous travailliez||que vous dormiez||que vous preniez|
|qu'ils/elles travaillent||qu'ils/elles dorment||qu'ils/elles prennent|
There are only ten verbs that make the subjunctive present irregular:
The auxiliary verbs être and avoir differ from the remaining irregular verbs by their stem and the different endings:
|être (to be)|
avoir (to have)
|que je sois||que j'aie|
|que tu sois||que tu ais|
|qu'il/elle/on soit||qu'il/elle/on ait|
|que nous soyons||que nous ayons|
|que vous soyez||que vous ayez|
|qu'ils/elles soient||qu'ils/elles aient|
In other irregulars verbs, only the stem is irregular but the endings are regular.
An's Bulgarian has tremendously improved since she gave it go a year and a half ago. Of course, It goes without saying that I am pleased to work with such an enthusiastic learner who is living proof that, through hard work and perseverance, everyone can succeed in their language goals. An, you are now an independant user of the language who is able to successfully lead real-live conversations. Pat yourself on the back.
Thank you for your feedback, Brandon! I am very happy to know that you are so satisfied with the lessons. I've always believed that you could make it and I am glad that we never gave it up. The right attitude and a high level of perseverance have been the keys to your success. It has been a pleasure to be your guide in your learning process. I know that you can do much more, so let's continue towards a next level!
Dear Anita, Thank you very much for your nice review! I enjoy our lessons very much too and I am so happy that our communication and chemistry fit well together. That's the best precondition for a good learning experience. See you soon!
Fabrizio's children are learning French very fast, I have the impression that these lessons online have been helpful for them and I am sure they will master the language easily. They are very interested in learning.
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D
Dear Linda, thank you for your positive feedback. I am very happy that you feel comfortable and this is very important to me. Thanks to you for the great trust :-)
Σ' ευχαριστώ πολύ Μέγκαν! I'm glad you had a good experience and that you enjoyed it. Your excitment about learning greek motivates me even more :)
Hi Alba! Thank you so much for your wonderful review! I enjoyed our class too & I wish you the best of luck with all your future projects :-)
Dear Silvia, thank you very much for your feedback! It's a real pleasure to have classes with you, and I hope you find them useful!
Thank you very much for your words! You are a very diligent student! You apply and take one step forward with each lesson! See you soon!
Thank you very much for your feedback, Ira. Your interest and your willpower to improve your Spanish is admirable. Keep it up!
Hi Mia, thank you for this feedback. We will continue in this way until you are ready for your exam!
Thank you Dan for the great review! A student like you makes everything easier. I hope to continue like that!
Thanks so much. It is understood that for any difficulty and / or misunderstanding I am at your disposal.Rina
Maria Grazia L.
Thanks a lot for the nice review. It is a real pleasure to be able to help you with German.
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