• French grammar
    0%
  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/10]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • 13
  • The subject in French

    The subject (French: le sujet) is a word or a group of words (le groupe nominal) which makes it possible to identify what someone is talking about and which agrees with the verb that completes it.

    It depends on the verb of which it determines the gender and the number.

    How to find the subject in French ? 

    To find the subject, you have to ask these questions: 

    • Qu'est-ce qui ? (what ?) to find the object 
    • Qui est-ce qui ? (who ?) to find the person

    ​It often precedes the verb, but not always

    Examples Question Translation
    papa répare la voiture Qui est-ce qui répare la voiture ? (Dad is repairing the car)
    la carte montre une nouvelle maison Qu'est-ce qui montre une nouvelle maison ?  (The map shows a new house)

    In these examples, 'papa' is the subject of the verb "réparer" and 'la carte' is the subject of the verb "montrer"

    The nominal group in French 

    The nominal group (French: le groupe nominal) is a set of words that is part of the subject and characterizes the action of the verb. It is placed in general before the verb. 

    There are many ways to form the nominal group 

    Nominal groups Examples Translations
    Determinant + noun Le monsieur parle anglais (The mister can speak english)
    Determinant + adjective + noun  Une jolie fille m'a salué (A beautiful girl greeted me)
    Determinant + noun + adjectif une femme italienne est tombée dans le métro (An italian woman fell in the metro)
    Proper noun la France est le pays du fromage (France is know for its cheese)

    The subject verb agreement in French

    The subject agrees in gender and in number with the verb it completes. 

    Example:

    • Sa mère conduit une belle voiture. 
    • Ses parents conduisent une belle voiture. 

    ​Here, the subjects are "sa mère" and "ses parents", the verb is "conduire" conjugated with the gender and number of the subject. 

    enlightened There are however some particularities to take into account:

    1. A subject may have several verbs. In this case, the verbs still conjugate with the gender and number of the subject. 
    2. A verb can have several subjects, it is then given in the plural.
    3. The subject may be inverted: situated after the verb in an interrogative sentence and separated by a hyphen.
    Subject Examples Translation
    several verbs Cette personne crie, s'exprime et agit impoliment (This person screams, exclaims and acts impolitely) 
    several subjects Sa mère et son père ont un nouvel enfant (Her mom and her dad have a new child)
    Interrogative sentence Où allons-nous ?

     (Where are we going ?)

    enlightenedThe incidental proposition indicate that someone's words are being reported, in this case the subject is after the verb. Not like in English. 

    • "Je ne veux pas te perdre" disait-il. ("I don't want to lose you" he said")

    enlightenedEven if it follows the verb, you will need to agree the verb with the subject.

    ​The nature of the subject in French 

    The subject can have many grammatical category and function

    Subject Examples Translations
    Noun Paul aime le chocolat (Paul loves chocolate)
    Personal pronoun Nous allons faire une surprise à ta mère (We are going to make a surprise for your mom)
    Infinitive verb Cuisiner est un art (Cooking is art) 
    Proposition Qu'il soit menteur ne m'étonne pas (The fact he is a liar does not surprise me)

    enlightenedWith impersonal turnings, the grammatical subject is always "il" and the verb agrees with the third person singular.

    • Il pleuvait beaucoup. (It was raining a lot)

    Exercises

    Fill in the blank exercise about questions to find the subject in French

    Fill in the blank exercise about the subject pronouns in French

    Multiple choice questions about the nominal group in French