The French alphabet is the alphabet used to write French. It uses the modern Latin alphabet with its 26 letters to which must be added the letters from five diacritics, which then enrich it with thirteen accentuated vowels and the grapheme c cedilla "ç", as well as two ligatures e in the a " æ Æ "and e in the o" œ Œ ". It is therefore a total of 42 letters that make up the French alphabet.
In this chapter, you will get an overview about the French alphabet, the look and the differences between them
- 1.What are the letters of the alphabet in French ?
- 1.1.Fundamental French alphabet
- 2.The proper alphabet in French
- 2.1.The grave accent in the French alphabet
- 2.2.The circumflex accent in the French alphabet
- 2.3.The acute accent in the French alphabet
- 2.4.The ç in the French alphabet
- 2.5.The umlet in the French alphabet
What are the letters of the alphabet in French ?
Fundamental French alphabet
|Capital letters||Small letters||Examples|
There are 6 vowels in French: a, e, y, o, u, i
The proper alphabet in French
These letters are variant of the fundamental alphabet and can be taken from the Latin language.
|Capital letters||Small letters||Examples|
The grave accent in the French alphabet
In French, only the vowels a, e, u can take a grave accent. The French grave accent is (`) and the vowels which take it are:
|à||Je vais à Paris||(I am going to Paris)|
|ù||Où vas tu ?||(Where are you going)|
With the vowels a and u, the accent does not modify the pronunciation but is only used for the homonym. and ù is also the interrogative or relative pronoun used to differentiate it from the coordinating conjunction.
With the vowel e, the accent indicates the pronunciation of an open e
The "e" grave accent appears in a word ending in "s".
- Après, dès, excès, accès, procès, près
The circumflex accent in the French alphabet
In French, the letters a, e, i, o, u can take this accent and is written (ˆ) and it indicates
- the pronunciation of an a, an e or an o
- the amassment of an old letter
- fortuitously, as a discriminating sign to distinguish homophones
Generally, you use it to "open" the vowel,
The circumflex accent is sometimes used to signal a missing letter
Since 1990, the circumflex accent is barely used on the i and u: you use it on conjugated verbs in the past simple, subjunctive imperfect and the pluperfect
The acute accent in the French alphabet
In French, you can find an acute accent (ˊ) on the vowel e used to distinguish the phoneme with the closed tone /e/ from the phoneme /ə/.
You can meet it exceptionally on:
- open e /ɛ /
- in inverted subject verbs (aimé-je)
- in some verbal forms (je protégerais)
- in some words (évènement)
The ç in the French alphabet
The ç changes the pronunciation of the alphabet letter c. You can put it in front of letters like: a, o, u.
The umlet in the French alphabet
The umlet are the two points that you put on the e, i, u to indicate that the preceding vowel must be pronounced separately.
The usage of ë, ü is rather rare in French and is only found in two categories of words. It is found in certain words where the umlaut indicates that:
- the preceding vowel is pronounced separately
- in particular names proper or words with several current spellings
Learn about the pronunciation of all these letters of the French alphabet in the following page !
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Bonjour! Veux-tu apprendre français? ou l'améliorer?
My classes are structured according to my students' needs, I use different teaching methods and I rely on listening each of my students' expectations and goals. Dynamism and constant learning are my purposes in my classes.
I have worked as a French teacher for more than ten years.
I have academic studies in English and French from Montréal, Canada, where I lived for six years.
I learned French at an early age in immersion in a French-speaking region and I studied French formally for 11 years, obtaining a native level.
We are an Italian family residing in France for 3 months, we have two 10 year old children who have just started attending CM1. We asked Natalia to give the children two lessons a week to speed up their learning. We are super happy with the choice. Nous sommes une famille italienne résidant en France depuis janvier, nous avons deux enfants de 10 ans qui viennent de commencer la CM1. Nous avons demandé à Natalia de leur donner deux leçons par semaine pour accélérer leur apprentissage. Nous sommes super contents de Natalia. We are an Italian family living in France since 3 months, we have two 10 year old children who have just started attending CM1. We asked Natalia to give the kids two lessons a week to speed up their learning. We are super happy with this choice.
Fabrizio's children are learning French very fast, I have the impression that these lessons online have been helpful for them and I am sure they will master the language easily. They are very interested in learning.
My name is Mathilde, and I have been a French teacher since 2017!
I have a teaching diploma in French as a foreign language (DAEFLE) issued by the Alliance Française de Paris, as well as three years of experience teaching French abroad, in France and online! Having lived 5 years in the United States, I master the English language and offer, in addition to French lessons, English lessons or reinforcement.
For me, teaching a language should be fun and varied. I use the action method with my students, which means that you will learn to use the language as a tool to achieve your personal goals (be it tourism, work, French gastronomy, etc.). We will do grammar and conjugation lessons of course, but I am not focusing my teaching on the grammar rules to be learned by heart. I want the learning to be authentic and fun. So I use a lot of games! Don't worry, I learned to use them via the internet as well.
I believe in the diversity of supports for effective learning. Audio, video, reading, discussion ... so many opportunities to express yourself, depending on your desires but also your abilities because we are all different in terms of learning. If you don't want to develop reading but only conversation, this is what we will do.
In my lessons, I link culture to language. Thus, during French lessons, you will learn the language while discovering French and Francophone culture. Likewise, during English lessons, we will use supports in order to discover American culture or other English-speaking culture. For example, if you are passionate about sport and it motivates you to learn, I will look for adequate supports to facilitate your learning (working on the Rolland-Garros tennis competition, the Tour de France, etc.).
I offer a first free session, during which we will get to know each other and target your needs. Thus, I will be able thereafter, if you wish to continue with me, to create lessons adapted to your expectations.
Looking forward to meeting you soon! :)
Mathilde is an excellent teacher, competent, very friendly and I immediately felt at ease with her, I find that this is a very important quality of a teacher for us, for the students.
Thank you Natacha for this nice message! I wish you a good continuation with French. Looking forward, - Mathilde
I’m French, currently living in the Netherlands.
I lived in Paris for almost twenty years, and I know very well my country (and of course my language, French, my mother tongue). I taught French for two years in Spain, conversation class about culture essentially.
In Paris, I was Spanish teacher, I have the Agregation degree which is the highest degree for teaching in France, I'm bilingual. I've participated too in several editorial projects about Spanish teaching and DELE preparation.
I have a Spanish Studies Master and I'm currently doing a research about the Spanish and Sefardi Judaism.
I have a French as foreign language and a Religious Studies Masters too.
I enjoy sharing what I know. I’m a very eclectic person and curious about everything. To give you an idea, my interest (and sometimes hobbies) are: philosophy, spirituality and religions in general, meditation, psychology and psychoanalysis, history, geography, literature, writing (in particular creative writing, and I’m used to write everyday), art (painting, photography), sciences (vulgarisation level) and cultural matters in general. I travel a lot (as a backpacker), sometimes by foot, and the places I know well are France, the Netherlands, Italy and Serbia.
One of my qualities is my capacity of adaptation, I enjoy preparing documents to help the student to acquire autonomy, but I love speaking too, and it’s the best way to learn a language.
I'm waiting for your message, please when contact me, explain quickly who you are, why you want to study French and what you are looking for exactly.
See you soon.
Rosa has always planned very interesting and useful lessons in order to improve in the different aspects of the language, and is always available to stop to explain any difficulty encountered
Thanks a lot Matteo, it's a pleasure!
I am a multilingual teacher with experience in teaching French to German, Japanese, English, Bulgarian and Italian-speaking students (levels A1 to C1).
I have been teaching French for 8 years in Luxemburg and now in Bulgaria for a year, to 3 to 10 years old children, teenagers, housewives, businessmen, architects, etc. TCF, DELF and DALF preparation. I also give Skype lessons in several countries.
Whether you need to learn French for business, integration or studying, I will be happy to help you. Do not hesitate to contact me for a free trial lesson.
Looking forward to hearing from you,
Katia's approach is very enjoyable and the hours go by! I am very happy with the progress I make and the material used is easy to absorb. I highly recommend Katia, she is positive, punctual and a very cheerful teacher which nowadays is not so easy to find!
1 - If you are looking for a well-structured French program to take you from a beginner level to advanced level to be able to travel to France, i have developed with success my own program which includes 70 worksheets from basic to advance level.
2 - If you are thinking taking any DELF exam, I can help you as I have experience in this field (3 years with Ensemble en Francais - online school).
3 - If you are a VCE French student, I definitively will be able to boost your skills to do well at the exam due to my experience as VCE French teacher and also as a VCE assessor.
4 - Finally I have also an extensive experience in teaching French at the primary and middle school level
I am learning French with Francois since 3 month now. Francois is still very patient with me and I like our online lessons. It is very easy to login from your home or even when you are traveling from wherever you are.
I m claudie , I m french and i have experience to teach french to foreign people.
I create in a school of langage in Spain a little faculty for my french lessons with a group from 15 years olds until 25.
The pupils were all the levels A1 until C2!
I was teaching as well with lillte children and adults in Spain and Rumania.
I m a very dynamic teacher with a lot of patient and empathy.
You will make a lot of progress!
Highly recommended, very personable and the lessons are a lot of fun. Claudie is flexible when it comes to teaching topics. Adapts to your interests or profession. In my case, she adapted the lessons to my employer and integrated the homepage into the lessons (sales). We recommend!
Are you looking to learn or improve your French in a Fun and relaxed atmosphere?
Look no further !
My name is Anissa and I'm a French native and certified teacher.
Focusing on each student's individual level, interests, and goals, my online classes are effective to achieve impressive learning results in a shorter period of time. The courses will be based on your personal needs and during the class you will receive direct explanations, correction and feedback in order to instantly improve your language skills.
Whether you want to learn French for your own pleasure or preparing for an exam, an upcoming interview or a presentation at work, I will be happy to assist you in reaching your goals.
My online classes are available at any time! Choose a subject from my curriculum or request your own topic, date, time and start master your French!
I look forward to meeting you,
Anissa, your French (and nice) teacher :)
*Please note that I'm not offering a free trial anymore*
Anissa is a very gifted teacher. She prepares the lessons and makes the classes very interesting. Time flies!
I’m from France but I’m living in Brazil for 3 years.
I love my job which is to teach french as a professional language for people to use in business, at university or for an immigration project.
I can also prepare you for french certifications ( DELF, DALF, TCF , TEF etc. ).
Please, enter in contact for any questions :)
Marine is an amazing teacher, she is direct and focused at all times. She has a strong teaching background and it shows. I have been taking lessons for half a year with her and can't recommend her highly enough.
I am French living in Lisbon in Portugal. I have lived in different countries such as England, the United States and India. It gave me some experience of learning a foreign language and teaching it.
I am passionate about different cultures and try to share my love for French culture with you in a lively way.
I adapt to the needs of the students, whether to improve their oral, written, prepare for an exam or a job interview. I prioritize the conversation to allow the student to "unblock" and have fun speaking the language. I write down the vocabulary and grammar that the student lacks to express himself.
Learning a foreign language is, in my view, above all through cultural curiosity. We want to learn a language because we want to live in the country, travel there or get to know it better. We feel attracted. It is its Culture that motivates us in our learning: music, film, text, literature, way of being and cultural differences forming "another world". This means that learning is not just about learning a list of words and grammar lessons, as is taught too often in school. Practice again and again through conversation, books, music, movies and above all the pleasure of speaking and listening.
I adapt the student's personal work according to their available time and their objective (conversation, deadline for an exam, scheduled trip, etc.).
I am at your disposal for any further information.
See you soon,
Florence is amazing and so incredibly skilled, patient and a joy to work with every single time. One of the best teachers and professionals I have every worked with and my French has improved so quickly and so proficiently in the least amount of time in comparison to other language methods and programs. If you want to be fluent and proficient in speaking and writing french with lessons filled with laughter and encouragement, Florence is the only one to work with!
My name is Krisztina! I’m a teacher of German and French with the corresponding qualifications. I've grown up in a bilingual family (Hungarian-German), so I speak both languages as a native language. I’ve been teaching for six years, so I’m able to estimate your needs, and to meet them. In my lessons, I recreat real life situations, so that you will be able to adapt yourselves to different circumstances. I’m a patient, positive and creative person, who is looking forward to see you in her lessons, here on colanguage platform. So don’t hesitate to book a lesson with me.
So far I am learning French with Krisztina about 4 month and I am very happy. I see a great progress in my understanding and speaking even I put a very little afford. I wish I found my teacher before. Best Regards, Nadezhda.
My name is Tiska. I am a French Teacher with experiences with adults and teenagers in Public Education (USA) and Language Schools.
I give Skype lessons to people who need or want to improve their French language. I like to use material from the internet (videos, article etc.) to introduce a theme which leads to a lesson and a conversation.
I like to create engaging learning with my students. I will give as homework a document to watch or to read with comprehension exercises so the time we have on skype is only speaking practice and explanation if needed.
I can help you prepare DELF-DALF Exams or work on specific needs (as professional French).
Really like to speak about all the subjects with the student especially those the student like so it gives the motivation to speak in the foreign language.
The free first lesson is organize to know your tastes, your level and your needs so we can plan the next lessons about the objectives you fixed.
TISKA is a very prepared, kind and helpful teacher. i love studying with her because she makes the lesson to be intereesant and nice. she understands my needs and gives me the right homework.
I want to help people to improve the level of their chosen language.
I couldn't imagine a better teacher than Nancy! Together with Nancy you find the right method for you to improve your French in a fun and personal way. I would recommend her to everyone!
I have experience in teaching German, French and English and I really appreciated it. We will have lessons on SKYPE and I will create the whole content according to your personal needs and progresses. My teaching technics suits to all kinds of interests and goals: personal as professional. My students were/are at the university but also employees (hospitality, banking, selling, law, art and culture).
As I grew up in Switzerland, I am BILINGUAL because I used to study, work and live in the french as well as in the german part of Switzerland.
Additionally teaching is my passion (I am constantly learning new languages - right now I am about to learn Greek in Athens). Therefor I am not only a passionated and hart-working teacher but also a flexible, dynamic, kind and compassionate person.
You can contact me immediately so we can know each other better and discover your needs during the firs FREE lesson.
I hope to get in touch with you soon.
Ivan is an excellent teacher. He adapts lessons to your needs and wishes and makes learning with him fun and enjoyable by finding material which interests you or that you might find interesting even if you didn’t know it yourself before!
I have had 25 lessons with him now and my progress has been much quicker than any method, or course I have taken before. I can’t rate him highly enough! He is very punctual and is very quick to respond if I have any questions.
Thank you Ivan!
My name is David, I am a trained linguist but also majored in Translation and Interpreting in college, and I hold a MS in Speech Language Pathology. I am fluent in English, Italian, German, French and Spanish. I have lived and studied stateside on a Fulbright, as well as in Germany and Italy. I am currently based in Northern Italy and I have been teaching professionally students of all ages and all walks of life in all the afore-mentioned languages. I generally provide language instruction classes to teenagers and adults, though - as a SLP -I have worked with kids before. I have been a professional language teacher for the past 13 years. I am a firm believer in the focused deliberate practice model as well as the communicative method of teaching, but at the same time I try as hard as I can to tailor my didactical methodology to the individual student's needs and learning style. I am available for language classes in English, Italian and German at all levels, including the most advanced ones. I can also offer conversation classes in English, Italian, German, French and Spanish. I can provide Spanish and French classes up to an upper-intermediate (aka B2-C1) level. Looking forward to seeing you in “class”.
David knows exactly what he is doing when he is teaching you French, I loved how quick, simple, and effective the lesson was.
Bonjour ! Comment ça va ?
Nice to meet you, I'm Lou and I wwould be very happy to teach you french !
I offer classes for all levels : beginner to advanced (A1 to C1 according to the Common Europeean Framework for Languages).
Communication, grammar, vocabulary, writing and listening, we will do various activities so you can learn french in an efficent and fun way.
I also can prepare you to exams : DELF, DILF, DALF, TCF, DCL.
I you have specific needs and/or requests : I will adapt the classes, so just ask.
Some + :
- you'll have a document to follow your progress in french ;
- I will propose you exercices to do during the week, so you can practice while not in class ;
- written conversation during the week to practice writing a little bit everyday !
You can also have a group class : a vibrant and motivating way to learn french !
You can contact me to book a free trial class, see you soon online ! :-)