• French grammar
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  • 1 French alphabet
  • 2 French pronunciation and phonetics [0/7]
  • 3 Nature and function of French words [0/23]
  • Multiple choice exercise about the nature of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • Multiple choice questions about the function of French words (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 The subject in French [0/3]
  • 3.2 The apostrophe and apposition in French [0/2]
  • 3.3 The complement object in French [0/12]
  • 3.4 The circumstancial complement in French [0/2]
  • 3.5 The agent complement in French [0/2]
  • 4 French articles [0/9]
  • 5 French nouns [0/13]
  • 6 French pronouns [0/20]
  • Multiple choice questions about the pronouns in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 French personal pronouns - je, tu, il [0/3]
  • 6.2 French possessive pronouns - le mien, le tien [0/2]
  • 6.3 French reflexive pronouns - me, te, se [0/2]
  • 6.4 French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux [0/2]
  • 6.5 French relative pronouns - qui, que, qu' [0/4]
  • 6.6 French indefinite pronouns - tout, chacun [0/2]
  • 6.7 French interrogative pronouns - qui, que, lequel [0/2]
  • 6.8 French adverbial pronouns - en, y [0/2]
  • 7 French adjectives [0/17]
  • Multiple choice questions about the epithet, attribute in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 7.1 Endings of regular and irregular French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.2 Comparative and superlative of French adjectives [0/3]
  • 7.3 Placement of French adjectives [0/2]
  • 7.4 French possessive adjectives - mon, ton, son [0/4]
  • 7.5 French demonstrative adjectives - ce, cette [0/2]
  • 7.6 French indefinite adjectives - toutes, quelques [0/2]
  • 8 French adverbs [0/18]
  • Drag and drop exercise about the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the regular form of the adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blank exercise about the irregular adverbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Adverbs of place in French [0/2]
  • 8.2 Adverbs of time in French [0/2]
  • 8.3 Adverbs of manner in French [0/2]
  • 8.4 Adverbs of quantity in French [0/2]
  • 8.5 Adverbs of reason in French [0/2]
  • 8.6 Placement of adverbs in French [0/2]
  • 8.7 Comparative of French adverbs [0/2]
  • 8.8 Difference adjectives and adverbs in French [0/1]
  • 9 French prepositions [0/11]
  • 10 French verbs [0/135]
  • 10.1 Tenses and moods in French [0/63]
  • 10.1.1 Indicative in French [0/26]
  • 10.1.1.1 Present tense in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.1.2 Past tenses in French [0/13]
  • 10.1.1.3 Future tenses in French [0/11]
  • 10.1.2 Subjunctive in French (le Subjonctif) [0/11]
  • 10.1.3 Conditional in French (le conditionnel) [0/10]
  • 10.1.4 Imperative in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.5 Infinitive in French [0/4]
  • 10.1.6 Gerund in French [0/2]
  • 10.1.7 Present participle in French [0/3]
  • 10.1.8 Past participle in French [0/4]
  • 10.2 French auxiliary verbs (avoir, être) [0/11]
  • 10.3 Modal verbs in French [0/17]
  • Fill in the blank exercise for the modal verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.3.1 Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.2 Conjugation of devoir (should) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.3 conjugation of vouloir (want) in French [0/4]
  • 10.3.4 Conjugation of savoir (to know) in French [0/4]
  • 10.4 Passive voice in French [0/4]
  • 10.5 Reflexive verbs in French [0/4]
  • 10.6 Irregular verbs in French [0/24]
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the blanks exercise of the irregular verbs in French II (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.6.1 Conjugation of venir (to come) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.2 conjugation of aller (to go) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.3 conjugation of faire (to do) in French [0/4]
  • 10.6.4 conjugation of prendre (to take) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.5 conjugation of voir (to see) in French [0/3]
  • 10.6.6 Conjugation of partir (to leave) in French [0/4]
  • 10.7 Regular verbs in French [0/8]
  • 10.8 Reported Speech in French [0/4]
  • 11 French sentence structure [0/25]
  • Multiple choice questions about the sentence structure in French (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 The phrases in French [0/5]
  • 11.2 The forms of phrases in French [0/7]
  • 11.3 The types of phrases in French [0/8]
  • 11.4 The propositions in French [0/4]
  • 12 French si clauses [0/3]
  • What is the direct object complement in French

    The direct object complement (French: le complément d'object direct) is an element of the verbal group, not introduced by a preposition, which makes it possible to specify the object of an action performed. The COD allows to complete a verb.

    The COD:

    • belongs to the verbal group          
    • is an essential complement, it can not be deleted because the sentence would not make sense anymore.               
    • is always preceded by a direct transitive verb.                
    • is the word that becomes subject when turning the sentence to the passive form
    Examples Passive form Translations
    Je fais mes devoirs Mes devoirs sont faits par moi (I am doing my homework)
    Nous achetons un cadeau. Un cadeau est acheté par nous (We are buying a gift)
    Je pars faire la cuisine La cuisine est faite par moi  (I am going to cook) 

    How to recognize the COD in French ?

    It is important to know what is the subject and the verb before finding out what is the direct complement. 

    The direct object complement answers the following questions:

    • Subject + verb + qui ? 
    • Subject + verb + quoi ? 

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    Examples

    In these two examples, you will study the entire sentence. 

    Nous achetons un cadeau. (we are buying a gift) 

    • the subject is "nous"
    • the verb is "achetons" 
    • Now, ask the questions "quoi ?" to find the COD because here we are talking about an thing or an object
    • Nous achetons quoi ? → un cadeau

    Pierre attend son amie. (Peter is waiting for his friend) 

    • the subject is "Pierre"
    • the verb is "attend"
    • Now ask the questions "qui ?" to find the COD because here we are talking about a person
    • Pierre attend qui ? → son amie

    The position of the COD in French 

    The COD usually follows the verb except if it is a pronoun. The COD can be replaced with pronouns like: 

    • le 
    • la 
    • les
    • que 

    When it is placed before the verb, the COD becomes a pronoun and has to agree in gender and number with the complement. 

    Position Examples Translations
    After the verb Nathalie fait la vaisselle (Natalia is washing the dishes)
    Before the verb Nathalie la fait (Natalia washes it)

    enlightenedDo not forget that when the COD is before the verb, it agrees with the verb that use the auxiliary avoir to form the compound times.

    • Ils avaient mangé les lasagnes
    • Ils les avaient mangés.  

    The grammatical category of the COD in French 

    The grammatical nature (French: la nature grammaticale) of a direct object can be: 

    • a noun or nominal group 
    • pronoun
    • subordinate clause 
    • an infinitive verb ​
    Nature Examples Translations
    Noun or nominal group Samantha conduit la voiture (Samantha is driving the car)
    Pronoun Samantha la conduit (Samantha is driving it)
    Subordinate clause Samantha pense que tu sois faché (Samantha thinks that you were angry)
    Infinitive verb Nous espérions dormir (We thought we would sleep)