The direct object complement (French: le complément d'object direct) is an element of the verbal group, not introduced by a preposition, which makes it possible to specify the object of an action performed. The COD allows to complete a verb.
|Je fais mes devoirs||Mes devoirs sont faits par moi||(I am doing my homework)|
|Nous achetons un cadeau.||Un cadeau est acheté par nous||(We are buying a gift)|
|Je pars faire la cuisine.||La cuisine est faite par moi||(I am going to cook)|
It is important to know what is the subject and the verb before finding out what is the direct complement.
The direct object complement answers the following questions:
In these two examples, you will study the entire sentence.
Nous achetons un cadeau. (we are buying a gift)
Pierre attend son amie. (Peter is waiting for his friend)
The COD usually follows the verb except if it is a pronoun. The COD can be replaced with pronouns like:
When it is placed before the verb, the COD becomes a pronoun and has to agree in gender and number with the complement.
|After the verb||Nathalie fait la vaisselle||(Natalia is washing the dishes)|
|Before the verb||Nathalie la fait||(Natalia washes it)|
Do not forget that when the COD is before the verb, it agrees with the verb that use the auxiliary avoir to form the compound times.
The grammatical nature (French: la nature grammaticale) of a direct object can be:
|Noun or nominal group||Samantha conduit la voiture||(Samantha is driving the car)|
|Pronoun||Samantha la conduit||(Samantha is driving it)|
|Subordinate clause||Samantha pense que tu sois faché||(Samantha thinks that you were angry)|
|Infinitive verb||Nous espérions dormir||(We thought we would sleep)|
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