French demonstrative pronouns - celui, celle, ceux
Demonstrative pronouns (French: les pronoms démonstratifs) usually stand alone and do not attend a noun. In general they are commonly used instead of a noun to point out certain people or things.
In the French language we can differ between:
- Demonstrative adjectives (les adjectifs démonstratifs) which accompany the noun and are placed in front of it.
- Demonstrative pronouns (les pronoms démonstratifs) which stand alone and replace the noun.
Use of the demonstrative pronoun
The simple form
The simple form (French: les formes simples) is used if:
1. the demonstrative pronoun is followed by a relative pronoun.
In this context it can mean the one, the ones, he (she) who, these or those.
- Celui qui travaille ici est mon ami. (The one who works here is my friend.)
- Cette fille est celle qui rit toujiurs. (This is the girl who always smiles.)
2. the demonstrative pronoun is followed by de.
In this connection it intends to show posessions.
- La bicyclette de Pierre et celle de Marie. (Peter's bicycle and Mary's.)
- Le pantalon qui est dans l'étagère est celui de Sarah. (The pants which is lying in the shelf is Sarah's.)
Please note that ce is always used in the singular fotm. even if the following verb is used in the plural form.
Compound demonstrative pronouns
The compound form (French: les formes composées) is being used if the simple form cannot be used.
To differ between this one, that one and these, the additional suffixes -ci (this) and là (that) are being applied.
- J'aime celui-ci. (I like this one.)
- J'aime celle-là. (I like that one.)
- Celle-ci est ma voiture. (This one is my car.)
Celui-ci can be replaced by ce dernier and celui-là by le premier.
- Ce dernier est médecin et le premier est homme d'affaires. (The latter is a doctor and the former is a businessman.)
Indefinite demonstrative pronouns
The indefinite demonstrative pronouns refer to a whole word group or sentence. In French we differ between the following three different indefinite forms: ce, ceci, cela (ça)
Ce (c') is mainly used with the verb être but sometimes also with the verbs aller, devoir and pouvoir.
It's used with the verb être:
1. before a noun that is modified.
- Regardez cet homme. C'est un grand pianiste. (Look at this man. He's a great pianist.)
- Qui est cette fille? C'est ma soeur. (Who is this girl? She's my sister.)
2. before a proper noun.
- Voilá un jeune homme. C'est Pierre Andrion. (There is a young man. It's Pierre Andrion.)
3.before a pronoun.
- J'ai trouvé ce paquet. Est-ce le vôtre? (I found this package. Is it yours?)
4. before a superlative.
- Ce sont les meilleures cerises de la ville. (These are the best cherries in the city.)
5. before an infinitive.
- Le probleme c'est de savoir où commencer. (The problem is to know where to begin.)
6. before an adverb.
- C'est maintenant ou jamais. (It's now or never.)
7. as a neuter subject.
- Il est vrai que deux et deux font quatre. Oui c'est vrai. (It's true that two and two are four. Yes it's true.)
Note that ce is used to represent something that has preceded whereas the pronoun il is used to announce something that follows.
The indefinite demonstrative pronouns ceci and cela (ça) are being used to replace an indefinite expression or an idea. Ça is utilized for a more familiar and informal style. Cela is used when the expression has already been metioned while ceci aims to introduce the expression.
- Ceci est bon. Vous avez bien réussi. (This is good. You have succeeded well.)
- Vous avez réussi. Cela est bon. (You have succeded. That is good.)
Keep in mind that like celui-ci and celui-là, ceci refers to the closest thing mentioned and cela to the farthest thing.
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
German lessons and learning materials included
I teach: English, French, German
My name is Christina and I provide fun German and French language lesson for children and adult beginners or intermediate who want to... strengthen their language skills, improve the grammar knowledge, enrich the vocabulary and get into the German culture! I can teach in English or French!I had experince in teaching German, English and French to foreign people so I do have a lot of useful learning material I can provide you to make it easier! Read more
Very experienced teacher!
This teacher is one of our premium members. A premium teacher is very motivated to provide an excellent learning experience.
Group lessons possible
Ready to take on the challenge to learn Bulgarian?
I teach: Bulgarian, English, French
Hello, My name is Zlatko. I believe that learning Bulgarian online with me gives you the best of both worlds: fast progress and enjoyment.Taking... on the challenge to learn a new language is impressive. The reasons might be different. Some people give it a go because they just like new things. Others need to learn a new language because they are moving to a country where the language is spoken. Remember that whatever your reason is, it is your motivation that is the key to successful learning. Who am I and why to pick me out: - online and face-to-face teaching experience: over 15 years helping hundreds of students achieve their language goals - flexibility: willing to tailor my techniques to both your interests and specific needs - patience and excellent listening skills - honesty and collaboration: let's build trust and consider our work as a partnership - native Bulgarian speaker with oustanding educational background - sence of humour In general, my teaching style includes, but is not limited to: - speaking practice through role-play activities - stotytelling and discussions - gap filling excercises - listening comprehension - vocabulary development - accent reduction How does that grab you? If interested, drop me a line and we will discuss your language goals and expectations. Hope to see you soon. Here are a few tips on how to get the most out of every lesson: 1. Review what you covered in your previous lesson. 2. Focus on things you had difficulty with. I will definitely go over them. 3. It is always a great idea to take notes during your lessons. It helps you stay more focused on what you are learning. 4. Feel free to ask me if anything has come up since your last lesson that you want clarification on. Your questions do not have to be prior lesson related, maybe you are just curious about how to say something. 5. Be sure you have completed your homework assignments. If you were not able to complete them, make notes about what stumped you. Were the instructions not clear enough, was the vocabulary beyond your level of comprehension, were the grammar rules too overwhelming, was there too much homework for the time you had planned to spend on it, and so on. 6. Contact me prior to your next lesson if there are any issues or changes you would like to make me aware of so I can have a chance to make changes to your learning plan. Hope this helps. Read more
Group lessons possible
Professionnal French courses with a French native and certified teacher
I teach: French
Hello,Are you looking to learn or improve your French in a Fun and relaxed atmosphere?Look no further !My name is Anissa and I'm a French... native and certified teacher.Focusing on each student's individual level, interests, and goals, my online classes are effective to achieve impressive learning results in a shorter period of time. The courses will be based on your personal needs and during the class you will receive direct explanations, correction and feedback in order to instantly improve your language skills.Whether you want to learn French for your own pleasure or preparing for an exam, an upcoming interview or a presentation at work, I will be happy to assist you in reaching your goals.My online classes are available at any time! Choose a subject from my curriculum or request your own topic, date, time and start master your French!I look forward to meeting you,Anissa, your French (and nice) teacher :)*Please note that I'm not offering a free trial anymore* Read more
Group lessons possible