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Conjugation of pouvoir (can) in French

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The verb pouvoir (can) expresses

  • possibility
  • capacity

Here you will find an overview of all conjugations of the verb pouvoir.

How is the French verb pouvoir conjugated?

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présent passé
pouvoir avoir pu 

Indicative tenses 

PrésentPassé ComposéImparfaitPlus-que-parfait

je peux

j'ai pu

je pouvais

j'avais pu

tu peux

tu as putu pouvaistu avais pu

il/elle/on peut

il/elle/on a puil/elle/on pouvaitil/elle/on avait pu

nous pouvons

nous avons punous pouvionsnous avions pu

vous pouvez

vous avez puvous pouviezvous aviez pu

ils/elles peuvent

ils/elles ont puils/elles pouvaient

ils/elles avaient pu

Passé SimplePassé AntérieurFutur ComposéFutur SimpleFutur Antérieur

je pus

j'eus pu

je vais pouvoir

je pourrai

j'aurai pu

tu pus

tu eus putu vas pouvoirtu pourrastu auras pu

il/elle/on put

il/elle/on eut puil/elle/on va pouvoiril/elle/on pourrail/elle/on aura pu

nous pûmes

nous eûmes punous allons pouvoirnous pourronsnous aurons pu

vous pûtes

vous eûtes puvous allez pouvoirvous pourrezvous aurez pu

ils/elles purent

ils/elles eurent puils/elles vont pouvoirils/elles pourrontils/elles auront pu

Conditional tenses 


je  pourrais

j’ aurais pu

tu  pourrais

tu aurais pu

il/elle pourrait

il/elle aurait pu

nous pourrions

nous aurions pu

vous pourriez

vous auriez pu

ils/elles pourraient

ils/elles auraient pu

enlightened'Pouvoir' conjuguated in the conditional tenses is translated as 'could'. 

  • J'aurais pu avoir une bonne note. (I could have had a good mark.)

Subjunctive tenses 


que je puisse

que j’aie pu

que je pusse

que j’eusse pu

que tu puisses

que tu aies puque tu pussesque tu eusses pu

qu’il/elle puisse

qu’il/elle ait puqu’il/elle pûtqu’il/elle eût pu

que nous puissions

que nous ayons puque nous pussionsque nous eussions pu

que vous puissiez

que vous ayez puque vous pussiezque vous eussiez pu

qu’ils/elles puissent

qu’ils/elles aient puqu’ils/elles pussentqu’ils/elles eussent pu


présent passé
pouvant (ayant) pu


en pouvant en ayant pu 



  1. Multiple choice questions about the conjugation of the verb pouvoir in French
  2. Fill in the blank exercise for the indicative mood of the modal verb pouvoir in French
  3. Drag and drop exercise about the subjunctive of the modal verb pouvoir in French
  4. Fill in the blank exercise for the conditional mood of the modal verb pouvoir in French

Multiple choice questions about the conjugation of the verb pouvoir in French

Fill in the blank exercise for the indicative mood of the modal verb pouvoir in French

Drag and drop exercise about the subjunctive of the modal verb pouvoir in French

Fill in the blank exercise for the conditional mood of the modal verb pouvoir in French

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